Howdy!, Given a constant air pressure(force). Does a heavier pellet transmit more energy
downrange than a lighter pellet which proably has a faster velocity? I think the heavier
pellet will "drop " a bit more but in short distances does that matter? thanks for your help. don
Long range, heavier projectiles tend to hold on to their energy better, as more mass means more momentum at a given velocity. Short range, it is probably less of an issue, but it really depends on what your initial velocities are. If you are shooting a 14.3 grain pellet at 900 fps and a 16 grainer at 600 fps, sure, the higher velocity will give you more energy. But if you are shooting the same two pellets mentioned above, the first at 900 fps, and the second at 825 fps, my money is on the heavier pellet, especially the further out you go. Of course, another thing you need to think about is what you are shooting at. If you are shooting paper at 10 meters, shoot what shoots most accurately. If you are shooting critters, shoot what it shoots most accurately with the best energy transfer at the range you plan on shooting at. That will often be the heavier pellet, but keep in mind, shape plays into it as well. A lighter, well built pellet may be a better option for hunting, depending on what your quarry is.
I hope this helps,