MichaelH
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Joined: 9:18 PM - Apr 01, 2008

9:30 PM - Jun 27, 2010 #11

23rd June. Looking south from the north gatehouse (bottom left of photo).
To the left in the trench edge are the slabs of the north road.
Just left of centre foreground, a Severan Period roundhouse.
The roundhouse is built over an Antonine Period wall and the cobbled, north intervallum road. (The foreground area, with a drain, has not been excavated down to that level).
The row of stones beyond the roundhouse is the north wall of the barracks.
At extreme right, below the raised area, a channelled stone drain at the east side of a cobbled intermediate north/south road.
23_Jun_10_004_stitch.jpg
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MichaelH
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Joined: 9:18 PM - Apr 01, 2008

10:00 PM - Jun 27, 2010 #12

24th June. Looking south down the intermediate north/south road.
The Antonine Period stone channelled drain on the left, set into the cobbled road. Cobbles are missing in the subsided darker area. A built up stone drain and barrack wall at each side of the road is early 3rd century.
24_Jun_10__Large_.jpg
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SacoHarry
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Joined: 9:29 PM - Aug 22, 2006

1:21 PM - Jun 28, 2010 #13

I'm loving these latest pics! There's just so much going on. Let's see if I've got this one right:


Antonine (Period VI-A, late 2nd Century):
* Road surfaces (green)
* Drainage gulley down middle of road (purple)
* Wall foundation (yellow)

Severan (Period VI-B, very early 3rd Century):
* "Roundhouse" (blue)

Garrison of the IV Cohort of Gauls (Periods VII-VII, 3rd - 4th Century):
* Barrack walls (brown) along with the higher-up stones/surfaces within the walls

Is that right?
Last edited by SacoHarry on 1:23 PM - Jun 28, 2010, edited 1 time in total.
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Badger
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Badger
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Joined: 1:10 PM - May 12, 2008

2:58 PM - Jun 28, 2010 #14

to make it even busier, but more accurate, add the main road from north gate to praetorium. maybe something crosshatched? And perhaps green is not a good color for indicators, it looks quite a bit like that verdant Northumbrian grass in the (few) areas not yet de-turfed!

T.Wolter
Last edited by Badger on 2:59 PM - Jun 28, 2010, edited 1 time in total.
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SacoHarry
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Joined: 9:29 PM - Aug 22, 2006

6:46 PM - Jun 28, 2010 #15

Curse you and your good advice! It's true, there does appear to be a -lot- of Antonine road surface showing. OK, pending confirmation of what we're seeing I'll recolor (and throw in a little map too). With good color choice I could probably get the main road in there too. Hopefully can avoid looking like something my 3-year-old colored. :D
Last edited by SacoHarry on 6:47 PM - Jun 28, 2010, edited 1 time in total.
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Badger
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Badger
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2:37 PM - Jun 29, 2010 #16

Here is my best attempt to sketch in the via principalis. Two observations:
1. It is wider than either the current Stanegate or the treacherous Military Road that runs past Twice Brewed Inn.
2. Harry's 3 year old would have done a better job than I did.
Tim Wolter
michaelpic.jpg
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MichaelH
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Joined: 9:18 PM - Apr 01, 2008

9:23 PM - Jun 29, 2010 #17

Re. Post # 13
That looks fine Harry. The wall of the next barrack building (to the west) is across that intermediate road, against the west side of the drain.

Sorry you couldn’t be here in person this week

Michael
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SacoHarry
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Joined: 9:29 PM - Aug 22, 2006

1:01 AM - Jun 30, 2010 #18

Alright, so let's see if this is an improvement. Here, for ref, is Michael's original:


The overlay:


There are three major periods shown here, spanning well over a century:

Period VI-A (items that are shades of pink) -- This is known as the Antonine Fort or Stone Fort I. It ran around AD 180 to AD 200, and was sited more or less in the location of the latest fort (the one whose walls are visible today).
* VI-A-1 is a wall foundation running north-south, most likely a barrack.
* VI-A-2 is a road surface. Can't tell exactly what it's doing, as later stonework is on top of it. But it may be part of the so-called "intervallum road" that ran around the inside of Stone Fort I's fort walls.
* VI-A-3 is a well-laid stone drain that was set into some of the VI-A-2 road surface and runs north-south.

Period VI-B (one item - the blue circle) -- This is the very short-lived Severan period (about AD 205 to AD 213).
* VI-B-1 is a small "roundhouse" -- one of dozens that were built in neat rows across the old fort platform in this period. Their use is still debated.

Period VII (items in yellow) -- This is Stone Fort II, the fort built by the IV Cohort of Gauls, who occupied Vindolanda from AD 213 until at least about AD 369.
* VII-1 is the grand flagged roadway from the fort's main entrance (the northern entrance) all the way to the HQ.
* VII-2 is a barrack block, one of three located in the NW quadrant of the fort (the other two were dug in '09, and make up the bulk of the stones visible to the right in this picture)

What's important to keep in mind is that all three of these periods are -totally- independent of each other. At the end of the Antonine period, the fort was knocked down -- leveled to the ground -- to make a smooth platform for the Severan roundhouses. After less than a decade, all of the Severan roundhouses were themselves knocked to the ground and the site leveled to build Stone Fort II.

Oh, and for a last orientation, here's a plan of where the pic is taken from:
Last edited by SacoHarry on 1:29 PM - Jun 30, 2010, edited 5 times in total.
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MichaelH
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Joined: 9:18 PM - Apr 01, 2008

9:21 PM - Jul 09, 2010 #19

Photo 27th June. Looking south. Meanwhile back in the barracks.
Photo 1. This is one of the barrack rooms (Excavated in 2009) which has been modified over the years from early 3rd century. The winter weather had broken the soil down to fine sandy dust which was cleaned off, the floor was recorded and photographed.
The sandy dust certainly stuck to sun cream, that could have been another photo!

Photo 2. The top layer of stones were removed and cleaned down to the next level of floor, this was recorded and photographed again. Pieces of pottery, nails, including boot nails, and other rusted metal possibly spear heads were found.
29_Jun_10_002__Medium_.jpg
27_Jun_10_001__Medium_.jpg
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MichaelH
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Joined: 9:18 PM - Apr 01, 2008

9:27 PM - Jul 09, 2010 #20

More stone lifted, and as before....
Photo 1. The wall on the right is not part of the AD.213 barracks, it’s thought to be late 4th century, and divides this room in half. Some of the lower level flooring just below the soil level looks continuous under the wall. On the left is the north/south passageway

Photo 2. Looking west across the floor, the later wall and the other part of the room (where the barrows are) Notice those stone joints in a vertical line, not good building but maybe that helps the wall to move with the ground subsidence?? In the background is the intervallum road and west wall.
30_Jun_10_002__Medium_.jpg
30_Jun_10_001__Medium_.jpg
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