Location of Ardzea

Location of Ardzea

RM
RM

February 20th, 2015, 4:12 am #1

In Hamiltons account of 1836 he mentions a city of 800 churches called "Ardzea", located near Erzurum and leveled in 1049. Presumably it did not recover like Ani, as I can find no further record of it, but has the site been located in the modern era?

If Ardzea was as significant as Hamilton implies, and is still lying unscathed, the contribution it might offer to the historical record of the region would be monumental given the ongoing damage to Ani. Assuming of course that legitimate archaeologists ever operate in the region again.
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VirtualAni
VirtualAni

February 20th, 2015, 9:37 pm #2

What source is this in? I don't see anything in Hamilton's 1842 book about his 1836 journey, "Researches in Asia Minor, Pontus, and Armenia".

But Ardzea is presumably just another variant spelling of Artsn / Artze / Arzan, the Armenian settlement said to have been located close to Byzantine Theodosiopolis. Nobody has identified its site as far as I know, though some think it perhaps was located at Ilica. If Hamilton was getting his information from a local tradition rather than from written sources, that would be interesting.
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RM
RM

February 21st, 2015, 4:03 am #3

"*The invasion of the Tartar or Turkoman tribes became every year more destructive. In 1049 they sacked Ardzea, a city near the modern Erzeroum, and leveled its 800 churches to the ground.*"

It's in the last paragraph of the chapter XII excerpt posted on the website. Just a passing mention while discussing the history of the region, though, he doesn't seem to go into any further detail nor mention his sources. I'll have to snoop around those areas you mentioned on maps and see if there's anything visible to indicate a settlement of such size.

The lack of development in this region has really been a tremendous boon, when it comes to aerial surveying at least. When you look at the size of the debris field and earthworks that surround Mren, for example, you really wonder if it was as small as historians have traditionally interpreted it to be. The complete lack of any defensive walls there continues to puzzle me greatly
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Re - defensive walls at Mren
Re - defensive walls at Mren

February 26th, 2015, 2:41 am #4

Look closely and ye shall see them. I don't just mean the defensive wall around the cathedral.
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