In Hamiltons account of 1836 he mentions a city of 800 churches called "Ardzea", located near Erzurum and leveled in 1049. Presumably it did not recover like Ani, as I can find no further record of it, but has the site been located in the modern era?
If Ardzea was as significant as Hamilton implies, and is still lying unscathed, the contribution it might offer to the historical record of the region would be monumental given the ongoing damage to Ani. Assuming of course that legitimate archaeologists ever operate in the region again.
What source is this in? I don't see anything in Hamilton's 1842 book about his 1836 journey, "Researches in Asia Minor, Pontus, and Armenia".
But Ardzea is presumably just another variant spelling of Artsn / Artze / Arzan, the Armenian settlement said to have been located close to Byzantine Theodosiopolis. Nobody has identified its site as far as I know, though some think it perhaps was located at Ilica. If Hamilton was getting his information from a local tradition rather than from written sources, that would be interesting.