Vaccine-Derived polio hits Nigeria - 69 childen affected

Vaccine-Derived polio hits Nigeria - 69 childen affected

Joined: January 1st, 1970, 12:00 am

October 11th, 2007, 9:43 am #1

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<DIV><IMG height=200 alt="Taking the vaccine in Lagos " hspace=0 src="http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/39949000/jpg/_39949525_polioap_body.jpg" width=203 border=0>
</DIV></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE><!-- E IIMA --><!-- S SF -->Nigeria is fighting a rare outbreak of a vaccine-derived form of polio, says the UN's World Health Organization.
It says 69 children in the north have caught the paralysing disease from others who had already been immunised.
The WHO says such rare outbreaks have occurred where immunisation campaigns did not reach enough of the population.
In 2003 Islamic leaders brought a temporary halt to the vaccine campaign in the north saying it was a Western conspiracy to sterilise Muslim women. <!-- E SF -->
The WHO says this rare outbreak of vaccine-derived polio demonstrates the need for more vaccination, not less.
But the concern is that the cause of the outbreak could be misinterpreted by people here and reinforce their scepticism of the whole vaccine campaign.
Scare stories
The WHO says the outbreak occurred when some of those who had received the oral polio vaccine excreted a mutated form of the virus which infected those who were not immunised.
It says the outbreak is ongoing but slowing because of the continuing vaccination campaign, and the last reported case was in August.
The WHO says the outbreak occurred because not enough people were receiving the polio vaccine in the first place.
Northern Nigeria still has a low coverage rate for the vaccination campaign, a legacy of a temporary halt to the programme in 2003.
Those scare stories built on existing traditional scepticism of Western medicine.
But more recently the vaccination programme has made some progress.
Polio cases as a whole are down on last year, in part because of a new programme of polio victims accompanying immunisation teams to demonstrate to parents the risks of not having their children vaccinated.
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Joined: January 1st, 1970, 12:00 am

October 11th, 2007, 9:54 am #2


http://polio.emedtv.com/poliovirus/vaccine-derived-poliovirus.html

Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus
<DIV>
A vaccine-derived poliovirus is a strain of poliovirus, initially contained in the live oral polio vaccine, that has changed over time; it behaves more like a wild or naturally occurring virus. This means that it can be more easily spread to others who are unvaccinated against polio and who come in contact with an infected person.</DIV>
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<DIV></DIV>
<DIV><STRONG>An Overview of Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus</STRONG> </DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV></DIV>
<DIV><A onmouseover="showDescription(event, '/polio/polio.html', 'As this eMedTV article explains, polio is a highly contagious illness that used to be one of the most feared childhood diseases of the 20th century in the United States.', 'Polio')" onmouseout=hideDescription(event); href="http://polio.emedtv.com/polio/polio.html">Polio</A> (also known as poliomyelitis or infantile paralysis) is an illness caused by <A onmouseover="showDescription(event, '/poliovirus/poliovirus.html', 'Poliovirus is a highly contagious virus that only affects humans; as this eMedTV article explains, it is also the cause of polio.', 'Poliovirus')" onmouseout=hideDescription(event); href="http://polio.emedtv.com/poliovirus/poliovirus.html">poliovirus</A>. At one time, poliovirus infection occurred throughout the world. In about 1 percent of cases, polio disease can result in paralysis.</DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><A onmouseover="showDescription(event, '/polio/polio-prevention.html', 'Polio prevention is available through the polio vaccine.', 'Polio Prevention')" onmouseout=hideDescription(event); href="http://polio.emedtv.com/polio/polio-prevention.html">Polio prevention</A> begins with polio vaccines. There are two general <A onmouseover="showDescription(event, '/polio-vaccine/polio-vaccine.html', 'Polio prevention is available through the inactive polio vaccine or the oral polio vaccine.', 'Polio Vaccine')" onmouseout=hideDescription(event); href="http://polio.emedtv.com/polio-vaccine/polio-vaccine.html">polio vaccine</A> types. </DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><STRONG><EM>One type is </EM></STRONG><A onmouseover="showDescription(event, '/polio-vaccine/inactivated-polio-vaccine.html', 'Inactive polio vaccine is a type of medicine (given as a shot in the arm or leg) that prevents polio.', 'Inactivated Polio Vaccine')" onmouseout=hideDescription(event); href="http://polio.emedtv.com/polio-vaccine/inactivated-polio-vaccine.html"><STRONG><EM>inactivated polio vaccine</EM></STRONG></A><EM><STRONG> (IPV), meaning that the vaccine contains no live poliovirus</STRONG>. </EM></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>The other is <STRONG><FONT size=4>live</FONT></STRONG> <A onmouseover="showDescription(event, '/polio-vaccine/oral-polio-vaccine.html', 'Oral polio vaccine (which contains live but weakened poliovirus) helped rid the United States of polio.', 'Oral Polio Vaccine')" onmouseout=hideDescription(event); href="http://polio.emedtv.com/polio-vaccine/oral-polio-vaccine.html">oral polio vaccine</A> (<A onmouseover="showDescription(event, '/polio-vaccine/opv.html', 'Oral polio vaccine (OPV) uses live but weakened poliovirus to prevent polio.', 'OPV')" onmouseout=hideDescription(event); href="http://polio.emedtv.com/polio-vaccine/opv.html">OPV</A>), which contains live but weakened poliovirus. </DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><STRONG>In 2000, oral poliovirus vaccine no longer was recommended in the United States for preventing polio because of the rare risk of </STRONG><A onmouseover="showDescription(event, '/polio-vaccine/vaccine-associated-paralytic-poliomyelitis.html', 'As this eMedTV page explains, vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis is a rare adverse reaction following vaccination with the live oral polio vaccine.', 'Vaccine-Associated Paralytic Poliomyelitis')" onmouseout=hideDescription(event); href="http://polio.emedtv.com/polio-vaccine/vaccine-associated-paralytic-poliomyelitis.html"><STRONG>vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis</STRONG></A><STRONG>.</STRONG> Vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis is an illness that is caused by vaccine-derived poliovirus.</DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><A name=chapter_1></A>
What Is Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus?</DIV>
<DIV></DIV>
<DIV>A vaccine-derived poliovirus is a strain of poliovirus, initially contained in the <STRONG>live oral polio vaccine</STRONG>, that has changed over time; it behaves more like a wild or naturally occurring virus. This means that it can be more easily spread to others who are unvaccinated against polio and who come in contact with the stool or oral secretions, such as saliva, of an infected person. These viruses may cause illness, including paralytic poliomyelitis.</DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><A name=chapter_2></A>
Occurrence of Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus </DIV>
<DIV></DIV>
<DIV>In 2005, a vaccine-derived poliovirus was found in the stool of an unvaccinated child in the state of Minnesota. The child most likely caught the virus through contact in the community with someone who received <STRONG>live oral vaccine in another country.</STRONG></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>Because oral poliovirus vaccine has <STRONG>not been used in the United States since 2000,</STRONG> it is likely that any vaccine-derived poliovirus seen in the United States would have come from a person who received <STRONG>oral poliovirus vaccine in another country. Oral poliovirus vaccine is used in many countries of the world, including Central and South America, Africa, and Asia.</STRONG></DIV>
<DIV><STRONG></STRONG>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>
<DIV><A name=chapter_3></A>
Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus: Should You Be Concerned?</DIV>
<DIV></DIV>
<DIV><A onmouseover="showDescription(event, '/polio-vaccine/polio-vaccination.html', 'There are two types of polio vaccine: inactive polio vaccine and oral polio vaccine.', 'Polio Vaccination')" onmouseout=hideDescription(event); href="http://polio.emedtv.com/polio-vaccine/polio-vaccination.html">Polio vaccination</A> can protect people against naturally occurring polioviruses and vaccine-derived polioviruses. It is unlikely that a vaccine-derived <A onmouseover="showDescription(event, '/poliovirus/poliovirus.html', 'Poliovirus is a highly contagious virus that only affects humans; as this eMedTV article explains, it is also the cause of polio.', 'Poliovirus')" onmouseout=hideDescription(event); href="http://polio.emedtv.com/poliovirus/poliovirus.html">poliovirus</A> would become widespread, because most people in the United States have received <A onmouseover="showDescription(event, '/polio/polio.html', 'As this eMedTV article explains, polio is a highly contagious illness that used to be one of the most feared childhood diseases of the 20th century in the United States.', 'Polio')" onmouseout=hideDescription(event); href="http://polio.emedtv.com/polio/polio.html">polio</A> vaccinations. Most vaccine-derived polioviruses disappear over time without causing any clinical disease. Very rarely, usually in communities where routine polio immunization has been low, vaccine-derived polioviruses have spread beyond close contacts.</DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>Over the past decade, more than ten billion doses of <A onmouseover="showDescription(event, '/polio-vaccine/oral-polio-vaccine.html', 'Oral polio vaccine (which contains live but weakened poliovirus) helped rid the United States of polio.', 'Oral Polio Vaccine')" onmouseout=hideDescription(event); href="http://polio.emedtv.com/polio-vaccine/oral-polio-vaccine.html">oral polio vaccine</A> have been given worldwide, with only six outbreaks of circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses confirmed, resulting in approximately 50 cases of paralytic polio. People who are not up to date with polio immunizations should talk with their healthcare provider.</DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV></DIV></DIV>
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Joined: January 1st, 1970, 12:00 am

October 11th, 2007, 10:02 am #3


http://www.kidsrisk.harvard.edu/mainFra ... oinfo.html

<A name=3></A>"...What tools do we use to protect ourselves from polioviruses?
  • Two vaccines exist that provide protection against polio disease. The GPEI has relied exclusively on the inexpensive and easily administered live, oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV), which has demonstrated the ability to prevent poliovirus transmission even in the most difficult settings. However, as a live, attenuated poliovirus, OPV can in very rare cases mutate towards a form that can cause paralytic polio (known as vaccine-associated paralytic polio or VAPP). In populations with low coverage levels of OPV, the live virus strains can in some cases circulate sufficiently and cause outbreaks of circulating vaccine-derived polio viruses (cVDPVs). </LI>
&nbsp;
  • Most industrialized countries currently use the<STRONG> injectible, inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), which provides excellent but <EM>relatively expensive </EM>individual protection against polio disease.</STRONG> <STRONG>Limited research </STRONG>currently leads to questions about the ability of IPV immunity against infections to prevent poliovirus transmission in developing countries..." </LI>
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Joined: January 1st, 1970, 12:00 am

October 11th, 2007, 10:05 am #4


And push for Africa to be provided with a SAFER vaccine, the INACTIVE vaccine that the industrial world use?
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Joined: January 1st, 1970, 12:00 am

October 11th, 2007, 10:19 am #5


<STRONG>http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/11/world/africa/11polio.html?ref=world</STRONG>

<STRONG><FONT size=4>"Polio in Nigeria Traced to Mutating Vaccine </NYT_HEADLINE>
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<FORM name=cccform action=https://s100.copyright.com/CommonApp/LoadingApplication.jsp target=_Icon>By <A title="More Articles by Donald G. Mcneil Jr." href="http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/m/donald_g_jr_mcneil/index.html?inline=nyt-per"><FONT color=#004276>DONALD G. McNEIL Jr.</FONT></A></FORM></DIV></NYT_BYLINE>

<DIV id=articleBody><NYT_TEXT>
<A title="More news and information about Nigeria." href="http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/nigeria/index.html?inline=nyt-geo"><FONT color=#004276 size=4><STRONG>Nigeria</STRONG></FONT></A><STRONG><FONT size=4> is fighting an unusual outbreak of </FONT></STRONG><A title="In-depth reference and news articles about Poliomyelitis." href="http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/poliomyelitis/overview.html?inline=nyt-classifier"><FONT color=#004276 size=4><STRONG>polio</STRONG></FONT></A><STRONG><FONT size=4> caused by mutating polio vaccine, world health authorities say, but the only remedy is to keep vaccinating children there..."</FONT></STRONG>
</DIV>
"...Officials of the <A title="More articles about World Health Organization" href="http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/organizations/w/world_health_organization/index.html?inline=nyt-org">World Health Organization</A> fear that news of the outbreak will be a new setback for eradication efforts in northern Nigeria, where vaccinations were halted in 2003 for nearly a year because of rumors that the vaccine sterilized Muslim girls or contained the <A title="In-depth reference and news articles about AIDS/H.I.V.." href="http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/aids/overview.html?inline=nyt-classifier">AIDS</A> virus. During that lull, polio spread to many new countries, although most have snuffed out the small outbreaks that resulted.

Officials deny suggestions that they kept the outbreak, which began last year, a secret, and say that they<STRONG> did not realize until recently </STRONG>that as many as 70 of Nigeria’s last 1,300 polio cases stemmed from a mutant vaccine virus rather than “wild type” virus, which causes most polio.

“It was an <STRONG>oversight</STRONG> on our part,” Dr. Bruce Aylward, director of the polio eradication campaign for the W.H.O., said yesterday. The agency discussed the first 16 cases it knew of at meetings early this year and posted information on its Web site in April, he said, “but only in places where lab people would look...”
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Joined: January 1st, 1970, 12:00 am

October 11th, 2007, 10:30 am #6

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Joined: January 1st, 1970, 12:00 am

October 11th, 2007, 10:41 am #7


http://www.lifesite.net/ldn/2004/mar/04031101.html

&nbsp;

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<P class=content style="TEXT-ALIGN: left">KADUNA, Nigeria, March 11, 2004 (LifeSiteNews.com) - A UNICEF campaign to vaccinate Nigeria's youth against polio may have been a front for sterilizing the nation. Dr. Haruna Kaita, a pharmaceutical scientist and Dean of the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ahmadu Bello University in Zaria, took samples of the vaccine to labs in India for analysis.

<STRONG>Using WHO-recommended technologies like Gas Chromatography (GC) and Radio-Immuno assay,</STRONG> Dr. Kaita, upon analysis, found evidence of serious contamination. "Some of the things we discovered in the vaccines are harmful, toxic; some have direct effects on the human reproductive system," he said in an interview with Kaduna's Weekly Trust. "I and some other professional colleagues who are Indians who were in the Lab could not believe the discovery," he said.

A Nigerian government doctor tried to persuade Dr. Kaita that the contaminants would have no bearing on human reproduction. "…I was surprised when one of the federal government doctors was telling me something contrary to what I have learned, studied, taught and is the common knowledge of all pharmaceutical scientists -- that estrogen cannot induce an anti-fertility response in humans," he said. "I found that argument very disturbing and ridiculous."

When asked by the Trust why Dr. Kaita felt the drug manufacturers would have contaminated the Oral Polio Vaccine, he gave three reasons: "These manufacturers or promoters of these harmful things have a secret agenda which only further research can reveal. Secondly they have always taken us in the third world for granted, thinking we don't have the capacity, knowledge and equipment to conduct tests that would reveal such contaminants. <STRONG>And very unfortunately they also have people to defend their atrocities within our midst, and worst still some of these are supposed to be our own professionals who we rely on to protect our interests."
</STRONG>
Dr. Kaita is demanding that "those who imported this fake drug in the name of Polio Vaccines…be prosecuted like any other criminal."

The campaign to rid Nigeria of polio is in its fourth year. Officials there claim that all contaminated vaccines have been exhausted and replaced by uncontaminated batches.

In a rhetorical conclusion to the interview, Dr. Kaita asked "What plans has the government put in place to help children who have been given these toxic and contaminated vaccines in case they start reacting to them?"

This is not the first time UNICEF has been embroiled in a controversy over sterilizing agents in vaccines. LifeSiteNews.com reported that in 1995, the Catholic Women's League of the Philippines won a court order halting a UNICEF anti-tetanus program because the vaccine had been laced with B-hCG, which when given in a vaccine permanently causes women to be unable to sustain a pregnancy. The Supreme Court of the Philippines found the surreptitious sterilization program had already vaccinated three million women, aged 12 to 45. B-hCG-laced vaccine was also found in at least four other developing countries.

See the related LifeSiteNews.com coverage:
http://www.lifesite.net/ldn/2002/oct/021030a.html

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Joined: January 1st, 1970, 12:00 am

October 11th, 2007, 11:15 am #8


<EM>'In Oman between <STRONG>1988 and 1989, a polio outbreak occurred amongst thousands of fully vaccinated children.</STRONG> The region with the highest attack rate <STRONG>had the highest vaccine coverage</STRONG>. The region with the <STRONG>lowest attack rate had the lowest vaccine coverage</STRONG>. (The Lancet, 21/9/91)'</EM>

<EM></EM>&nbsp;
<A href="http://www.laleva.org/eng/2005/11/historical_information_about_the_effectiveness_of_vaccines.html"></A>
<SPAN class=title align="center">Historical Information About The "Effectiveness of Vaccines"</SPAN>
<DIV class=blogbody align=top>


Preventive Psychiatry E-Newsletter # 231
By Ian Sinclair
November 3, 2005
http://www.vaccinationdebate.com<IMG class=snap_preview_icon id=snap_com_shot_link_icon style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BACKGROUND-POSITION: -630px 0px; DISPLAY: inline; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; FONT-WEIGHT: normal; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; LEFT: auto; FLOAT: none; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: url(http://i.ixnp.com/images/v2.25/theme/green/palette.gif); VISIBILITY: visible; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; VERTICAL-ALIGN: top; WIDTH: 14px; LINE-HEIGHT: normal; PADDING-TOP: 1px; BACKGROUND-REPEAT: no-repeat; FONT-STYLE: normal; FONT-FAMILY: 'trebuchet ms', arial, helvetica, sans-serif; POSITION: static; TOP: auto; HEIGHT: 12px; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px; TEXT-DECORATION: none; cssFloat: none" src="http://i.ixnp.com/images/v2.25/t.gif">

In 1871-2, England, with <STRONG>98% of the population aged between 2 and 50 vaccinated against smallpox, it experienced its worst ever smallpox outbreak with 45,000 deaths</STRONG>. During the same period in Germany, with a <STRONG>vaccination rate of 96%, there were over 125,000 deaths from smallpox.</STRONG>

In Germany, <STRONG>compulsory mass vaccination against diphtheria commenced in 1940 and by 1945 diphtheria cases were up from 40,000 to 250,000</STRONG>. (Don't Get Stuck, by Hannah Allen)

In the USA in 1960<STRONG>, two virologists discovered that both polio vaccines were contaminated with the SV 40 virus which causes cancer in animals as well as changes in human cell tissue cultures</STRONG>. Millions of children had been injected with these vaccines. (Med Jnl of Australia 17/3/1973 p555)

In <STRONG>1967, Ghana was declared measles free by the World Health Organisation</STRONG> after 96% of its population was vaccinated. <STRONG>In 1972, Ghana experienced one of its worst measles outbreaks with its highest ever mortality rate.</STRONG> (Dr H Albonico, MMR Vaccine Campaign in Switzerland, March 1990)

In the UK between <STRONG>1970 and 1990, over 200,000 cases of whooping cough occurred in fully vaccinated children</STRONG>. (Community Disease Surveillance Centre, UK)

In the 1970's a tuberculosis vaccine trial in India involving 260,000 people revealed that <STRONG>more cases of TB occurred in the vaccinated than the unvaccinated</STRONG>. (The Lancet 12/1/80 p73)

In 1977, Dr Jonas Salk who developed the first polio vaccine, testified along with other scientists, that <STRONG>mass inoculation against polio was the cause of most polio cases throughout the USA since 1961</STRONG>. (Science 4/4/77 "Abstracts")

In 1978, a survey of 30 States in the US revealed that <STRONG>more than half of the children who contracted measles had been adequately vaccinated</STRONG>. (The People's Doctor, Dr R Mendelsohn)

In 1979, Sweden abandoned the whooping cough vaccine due to its ineffectiveness. <STRONG>Out of 5,140 cases in 1978, it was found that 84% had been vaccinated three times</STRONG>! (BMJ 283:696-697, 1981)

The February <STRONG>1981 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association found that 90% of obstetricians and 66% of pediatricians refused to take the rubella vaccine</STRONG>.

In the USA, the cost of a single DPT shot had risen from 11 cents in 1982 to $11.40 in 1987. <STRONG>The manufacturers of the vaccine were putting aside $8 per shot to cover legal costs and damages they were paying out to parents of brain damaged children and children who died after vaccination</STRONG>. (The Vine, Issue 7, January 1994, Nambour, Qld)

In Oman between <STRONG>1988 and 1989, a polio outbreak occurred amongst thousands of fully vaccinated children.</STRONG> The region with the highest attack rate <STRONG>had the highest vaccine coverage</STRONG>. The region with the lowest attack rate had the lowest vaccine coverage. (The Lancet, 21/9/91)

In 1990, a UK survey involving <STRONG>598 doctors </STRONG>revealed that over <STRONG>50% of them refused to have the Hepatitis B vaccine despite belonging to the high risk group urged to be vaccinated.</STRONG> (British Med Jnl, 27/1/1990)

In 1990, the Journal of the American Medical Association had an article on measles which stated " Although more than 95% of school-aged children in the US are vaccinated against measles, large measles outbreaks continue to occur in schools and <STRONG>most cases in this setting occur among previously vaccinated children</STRONG>."(JAMA, 21/11/90)

In the USA, from July 1990 to November 1993, the US Food and Drug Administration counted a total of <STRONG>54,072 adverse reactions following vaccination. The FDA admitted that this number represented only 10% of the real total,</STRONG> because most doctors were refusing to report vaccine injuries. In other words, adverse reactions for this period exceeded half a million! (National Vaccine Information Centre, March 2, 1994)

In the New England Journal of Medicine July 1994 issue a study found that <STRONG>over 80% of children under 5 years of age who had contracted whooping cough had been fully vaccinated.</STRONG>

<STRONG>
</STRONG>The CDC states that 135 children died during the 2003-2004 flu season. <STRONG>59 of these children had received their flu shots</STRONG>.

On November 2nd, <STRONG>2000</STRONG>, the Association of American Physicians and Surgeons (AAPS) announced that its members voted at their 57th annual meeting in St Louis to pass a resolution <STRONG>calling for an end to mandatory childhood vaccines.&nbsp; The resolution passed without a single "no" vote</STRONG>.

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