Commendation for Btry F, 244th Bn, Coast Artillery

Commendation for Btry F, 244th Bn, Coast Artillery

Joined: August 11th, 2011, 7:13 pm

August 11th, 2011, 7:44 pm #1

I have an official letter dated 7 Dec, 1942, from the Commanding General, First Marine Division, commending F Battery, 244th CA. Is mentions the unit arriving (does not say where) on 2 NOV, 1942, when the "enemy was shelling the airfield with paralyzing effect." It says the unit "greatly assisted in the neutralization and ultimate silencing of the enemy batteries, thus restoring our airfield to normal operations."

I also have an official order ("extract") dated 11 Feb 1943, from the Commanding General, Americal Division Artillery, commending Battery B, 259th CA, for "outstanding service in the attack against the Mt Austin and Mataniikau positions and the pursuit of the enemy to Cape Esperance, Guadalcanal" Nov 15 1942 to Feb 9 1943.

I also have a general order redesignating the 244th CA Bn to be the 259th Separate CA Bn, dated 19 Jan, 1943, so I believe F Btry 244th is the same unit as B Btry 259th (same personnel in both).

QUESTION: Does anyone know about F Btry's operations securing the airfield in Nov 1942? How was a 155mm coast artillery unit employed against "enemy batteries"?

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Alice W.
Alice W.

August 12th, 2011, 12:54 pm #2

The relevant references in addressing these questions are Shelby Stanton's World War II Order of Battle (despite its numerous errors in fine details, its overall unit histories are good) and Francis D. Cronin's Under the Southern Cross: The Saga of the Americal Division.

Only the 3rd Battalion, 244th Coast Artillery REGIMENT (formerly New York National Guard), went to the Southwest Pacific, and was attached to what became the Americal Division (back in the States, its HHB & First Battalion were inactivated and its 2nd Battalion became the 289th C.A. Battalion, probably sometime in 1943 or early 1944). The 3rd Battalion consisted of E and F Batteries (155mm guns), and almost certainly an HHB. Along with the mix 'n' match that eventually became the Americal Division, it was sent along to New Caledonia, where both firing batteries deployed to defend the harbor at Noumea. At some point, the battalion inherited some British 25-pounders, the only U.S. coast artillery unit to get them. Whether they were incorporated into E Battery, making it a composite battery, or became part of a provisional third firing battery is not clear, at least to me.

In early October 1942, lead components of the Americal Division were sent to Guadalcanal, including the 164th Infantry Regiment and K Battery, 246th Field Artillery Battalion (the only American unit to bring in and use 25-pounders on Guadal); late in the month, it was the turn of F Battery, 244th Coast Artillery, with its 155mm guns (but which type, I'm not certain). By mid-November, the 245th, 247th, and the remainder of the 246th Field Artillery Battalions left New Caledonia for Guadalcanal.

On January 20, 1943, the 244th's 3rd Battalion became the 259th C.A. Battalion, with former E Battery now becoming A Battery and former F Battery becoming B Battery, as Gordon suggests.

Fighting on Guadalcanal was still fierce, and F Battery--still so designated--provided counter-battery fire, as well as firing on troop concentrations, points of resistance, and other targets of opportunity. I'm not sure what "How was a 155mm coast artillery unit employed against 'enemy batteries'?" means. Whether the old GPF or the new M1, the 155mm gun was after all a field artillery piece, which given some simple add-ons, could be adapted to coast artillery use. All you needed on Guadalcanal and other islands was high explosive ammunition rather than armor piercing, to carry out fire missions against land targets. What's the difficulty?

Alice
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Alice W.
Alice W.

August 12th, 2011, 8:19 pm #3

Sorry, probably I should have specified: the Americal Division's 245th, 246th, and 247th F.A. Battalions that went to Guadalcanal were equipped with 105mm howitzers. The only exception I know of was the 246's K Battery, provided early on with British 25-pounders, rather lighter than the standard U.S. 105mm piece; this battery is often seen in the literature with "Provisional" appended to it. Significantly, perhaps, it was the first battery of the three battalions sent to The Island, where it served initially to provide artillery support for the 147th Infantry Regiment, which was NOT part of the Americal Division.

Alice
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Joined: July 20th, 2004, 4:40 pm

August 13th, 2011, 12:07 pm #4

The relevant references in addressing these questions are Shelby Stanton's World War II Order of Battle (despite its numerous errors in fine details, its overall unit histories are good) and Francis D. Cronin's Under the Southern Cross: The Saga of the Americal Division.

Only the 3rd Battalion, 244th Coast Artillery REGIMENT (formerly New York National Guard), went to the Southwest Pacific, and was attached to what became the Americal Division (back in the States, its HHB & First Battalion were inactivated and its 2nd Battalion became the 289th C.A. Battalion, probably sometime in 1943 or early 1944). The 3rd Battalion consisted of E and F Batteries (155mm guns), and almost certainly an HHB. Along with the mix 'n' match that eventually became the Americal Division, it was sent along to New Caledonia, where both firing batteries deployed to defend the harbor at Noumea. At some point, the battalion inherited some British 25-pounders, the only U.S. coast artillery unit to get them. Whether they were incorporated into E Battery, making it a composite battery, or became part of a provisional third firing battery is not clear, at least to me.

In early October 1942, lead components of the Americal Division were sent to Guadalcanal, including the 164th Infantry Regiment and K Battery, 246th Field Artillery Battalion (the only American unit to bring in and use 25-pounders on Guadal); late in the month, it was the turn of F Battery, 244th Coast Artillery, with its 155mm guns (but which type, I'm not certain). By mid-November, the 245th, 247th, and the remainder of the 246th Field Artillery Battalions left New Caledonia for Guadalcanal.

On January 20, 1943, the 244th's 3rd Battalion became the 259th C.A. Battalion, with former E Battery now becoming A Battery and former F Battery becoming B Battery, as Gordon suggests.

Fighting on Guadalcanal was still fierce, and F Battery--still so designated--provided counter-battery fire, as well as firing on troop concentrations, points of resistance, and other targets of opportunity. I'm not sure what "How was a 155mm coast artillery unit employed against 'enemy batteries'?" means. Whether the old GPF or the new M1, the 155mm gun was after all a field artillery piece, which given some simple add-ons, could be adapted to coast artillery use. All you needed on Guadalcanal and other islands was high explosive ammunition rather than armor piercing, to carry out fire missions against land targets. What's the difficulty?

Alice
"I'm not sure what "How was a 155mm coast artillery unit employed against 'enemy batteries'?" means. Whether the old GPF or the new M1, the 155mm gun was after all a field artillery piece, which given some simple add-ons, could be adapted to coast artillery use. All you needed on Guadalcanal and other islands was high explosive ammunition rather than armor piercing, to carry out fire missions against land targets. What's the difficulty?"

I guess the difficulty might be that none of us are used to fire 155mm guns on a daily basis....

Welcome to both of you by the way. Alice, could you contact me offline (email above)? I have a question for you....thanks!

Nuyt

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Joined: August 11th, 2011, 7:13 pm

August 13th, 2011, 4:59 pm #5

The relevant references in addressing these questions are Shelby Stanton's World War II Order of Battle (despite its numerous errors in fine details, its overall unit histories are good) and Francis D. Cronin's Under the Southern Cross: The Saga of the Americal Division.

Only the 3rd Battalion, 244th Coast Artillery REGIMENT (formerly New York National Guard), went to the Southwest Pacific, and was attached to what became the Americal Division (back in the States, its HHB & First Battalion were inactivated and its 2nd Battalion became the 289th C.A. Battalion, probably sometime in 1943 or early 1944). The 3rd Battalion consisted of E and F Batteries (155mm guns), and almost certainly an HHB. Along with the mix 'n' match that eventually became the Americal Division, it was sent along to New Caledonia, where both firing batteries deployed to defend the harbor at Noumea. At some point, the battalion inherited some British 25-pounders, the only U.S. coast artillery unit to get them. Whether they were incorporated into E Battery, making it a composite battery, or became part of a provisional third firing battery is not clear, at least to me.

In early October 1942, lead components of the Americal Division were sent to Guadalcanal, including the 164th Infantry Regiment and K Battery, 246th Field Artillery Battalion (the only American unit to bring in and use 25-pounders on Guadal); late in the month, it was the turn of F Battery, 244th Coast Artillery, with its 155mm guns (but which type, I'm not certain). By mid-November, the 245th, 247th, and the remainder of the 246th Field Artillery Battalions left New Caledonia for Guadalcanal.

On January 20, 1943, the 244th's 3rd Battalion became the 259th C.A. Battalion, with former E Battery now becoming A Battery and former F Battery becoming B Battery, as Gordon suggests.

Fighting on Guadalcanal was still fierce, and F Battery--still so designated--provided counter-battery fire, as well as firing on troop concentrations, points of resistance, and other targets of opportunity. I'm not sure what "How was a 155mm coast artillery unit employed against 'enemy batteries'?" means. Whether the old GPF or the new M1, the 155mm gun was after all a field artillery piece, which given some simple add-ons, could be adapted to coast artillery use. All you needed on Guadalcanal and other islands was high explosive ammunition rather than armor piercing, to carry out fire missions against land targets. What's the difficulty?

Alice
I seek possible amplification of a story told to me by a veteran (now deceased) of F Btry, 244th CA:

START of Story: The 244th was still aboard their ship while Marines assaulted a Guadalcanal beach; the Marine assault was halted by fire from Japanese with large guns in caves overlooking the beach - the Marines had no weapon to effectively attack the cave guns. The 244th was ordered to the beach, ahead of Marines, and used their 155mm CA howitzers in direct fire mode to defeat the Japanese weapons in the caves and enable the beach assault to proceed. END

The veteran was very proud of his unit "clearing the way for the Marines."

I am just starting to understand the 244th CA unit history (and greatly appreciate the information provided by Alice W).

I wonder:
(1) if anyone can amplify on this story,
(2) if such 155mm direct fire was an technique which the CA trained for, or if it was ingenuity and innovation in response to the enemy, and
(3) if the direct fire by the CA - ahead of Marines in the beach assault - was part of the operation to secure airfield, for which official documents commend the CA unit.
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Joined: December 27th, 2007, 10:57 pm

August 14th, 2011, 3:12 am #6

"I wonder:
(1) if anyone can amplify on this story,
(2) if such 155mm direct fire was an technique which the CA trained for, or if it was ingenuity and innovation in response to the enemy, and
(3) if the direct fire by the CA - ahead of Marines in the beach assault - was part of the operation to secure airfield, for which official documents commend the CA unit."

The battery rates three separate mentions in the official US Army history of the Guadalcanal campaign.

GUADALCANAL THE FIRST OFFENSIVE, which you can download from the CMH site:

http://www.history.army.mil/html/books/ ... index.html

p.177

The battery along with a battery of the USMC 5th Defense Battalion (also equipped with 155mm guns) landed 2 Nov 1942 at Lunga Point, and "brought in the heaviest American artillery which had been sent to Guadalcanal up to that time, the first suitable for effective counterbattery fire."

Prior to that time, the USMC 3rd Defense Battalion with batteries of 5in (127mm) naval guns for coastal defense were the heaviest US guns on the island. The 1st Marine Division artillery consisted of 75mm pack howitzers and some 105mm howitzers.

p.180

The battery was in action less than two hours after it landed against "Pistol Pete", a long range Japanese artillery piece that had been shelling the airfields.

p.188

Later on 14 November, two of the battery's guns were used to shell beached Japanese transports at a range of 19,500yds. The 5inch batteries of 3rd Defense Battalion also engaged these transports, at a range of 15,800yds.

So, FWIW, for the rest of your questions.

2 - I suspect that mobile US Army Coast Artillery battalions did receive training which enabled them to support ground operations. Such units did so in WWI, and in WWII such units were later converted to FA battalions.

At various sites you can find US Army WWII Coast Artillery manuals, and all issues of COAST ARTILLERY JOURNAL, from before WWI to 1948 when it became ANTIAIRCRAFT ARTILLERY JOURNAL, which might have articles on this early form of cross-training.

http://www.airdefenseartillery.com/onli ... ryHome.htm

(the pre-1922 issues, most of them, can be found at Google Books as the JOURNAL OF THE UNITED STATES ARTILLERY)

3 - the battery did not support a Marine landing to take an airfield. It helped the Marines defend it by engaging and neutralizing Japanese artillery that was firing on the US airfields.

I suspect that when the US Army launched its offensive against the remaining Japanese forces on the island (in which units of the 2nd Marine Division participated), the battery fired in support of such operations.
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Joined: December 27th, 2007, 10:57 pm

August 14th, 2011, 3:22 am #7

And the battery rates two mentions in the USMC official history, which are pretty much the same as found in the US Army official history:

Pearl Harbor to Guadalcanal: History of U.S. Marine Corps Operations in World War II, vol. 1. LtCol Frank O. Hough, USMCR. Maj Verle E. Ludwig, USMC, and Henry I. Shaw, Jr. 1958. 439 pp.

page 342 (footnote) and page 357

http://www.tecom.usmc.mil/HD/PDF_Files/ ... 262400.pdf


(the USMC battery was A/5th Defense Battalion)
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Alice W.
Alice W.

August 14th, 2011, 1:15 pm #8

I seek possible amplification of a story told to me by a veteran (now deceased) of F Btry, 244th CA:

START of Story: The 244th was still aboard their ship while Marines assaulted a Guadalcanal beach; the Marine assault was halted by fire from Japanese with large guns in caves overlooking the beach - the Marines had no weapon to effectively attack the cave guns. The 244th was ordered to the beach, ahead of Marines, and used their 155mm CA howitzers in direct fire mode to defeat the Japanese weapons in the caves and enable the beach assault to proceed. END

The veteran was very proud of his unit "clearing the way for the Marines."

I am just starting to understand the 244th CA unit history (and greatly appreciate the information provided by Alice W).

I wonder:
(1) if anyone can amplify on this story,
(2) if such 155mm direct fire was an technique which the CA trained for, or if it was ingenuity and innovation in response to the enemy, and
(3) if the direct fire by the CA - ahead of Marines in the beach assault - was part of the operation to secure airfield, for which official documents commend the CA unit.
Hello Gordon,

It was my decided impression that you thought the 155mm pieces in the hands of F Battery, 3rd Battalion, 244th Coast Artillery Regiment, were specifically designed for the coast artillery and issued uniquely to that arm. Thus your question of how to use seacoast ordnance in a field artillery role. Your reply to mine, in which you identify the 155mm pieces in question as howitzers supports, more or less, my original impression, but that's fine, I'm willing to expand on my own original response. Some of this information has appeared in this forum in months or years past, so I'll brush over it briefly.

The 155mm pieces under discussion were not howitzers, but guns, which came in two distinct types, the old and the new. The old ones were the 155mm GPF or Grande Puissance Filloux (literally, Filloux's great explosive power or energy, from Captain {later Colonel} L. Filloux, a noted designer of French artillery pieces), adopted by the U.S. Army in WWI, and used throughout WWII, as a mobile field and coast artillery piece, a semi-static coast artillery piece emplaced on the well known Panama mount, and gun only, as the M12 gun motor carriage (mounted on the old M3 medium tank chasis), known casually as the King Kong. On its original wheeled carriage, the gun had a maximum elevation of 35 degrees and was highly accurate up to 10 miles (though it could hit at 12 miles). It was well liked by American artillerymen, and also saw service with the French, then the German, armies, the last also in a coast defense role.

The new 155mm gun was the M1, mounted on the M1 eight-wheeled carriage, which by design could also mount the new 8-inch howitzer. This gun elevated to 65 degrees and had a range in excess of 14 miles. Issued to American forces and its chief allies, the gun was used in both a field artillery and a coast artillery role. In the latter mode, it was emplaced on the Kelly/Kelley mount, particularly in the Pacific Theater. A caution: though artillerymen meticulously restricted the nickname, Long Tom, to the M1 gun, to differentiate it from the shorter GPF, other soldiers were less discriminating, with the same nickname often applied to the GPF when mounted as the M12 gun motor carriage, perhaps in the mistaken impression this self-propelled piece was the M1.

A few more thoughts: combat footage on Guadalcanal shows a variety of older equipment in use by the marines there, including the M1903 infantry rifle, the M2A4 light tank, and the M1918 155mm howitzer. Only the tank's combat service is unique to the island, as previously covered in this forum. The Springfield rifle was used by the marines because there had been an initial lack of interest in the Garand M1 by the Corps (which soon changed its mind); nonetheless, production of the M1 lagged behind demand as the war wore on, so the bolt action rifle saw ample use until war's end. The M1918 155mm howitzer also continued in service until late in the war. The point I wish to make is that this howitzer was in use by field artillerymen of the 11th Marine Regiment on Guadalcanal, not by F Battery, 244th Coast Artillery, which was equipped with guns of the same bore. At the range cited in John Miller's Guadalcanal: The First Offensive, either model gun could have been in use (again, I don't know which).

Although Mr. Broshot has quoted the most relevant pages in Miller's book describing this artillery action, the basic problem existing in mid-October 1942 is laid out on pages 148-49:

"After the last bomber had retired, the long-range 150-mm howitzers which the Japanese had been landing opened fire on the airfield and Kukum Beach from positions near Kokumbona. They first made Kukum Beach untenable. The 1st Marine Division had no sound-and-flash units to locate the enemy howitzers, or suitable counterbattery artillery with which to reply to 'Pistol Pete,' as the troops called the enemy artillery. The field artillery units were armed with 75-mm pack and 105-mm howitzers, and the 3d Defense Battalion had emplaced its 5-inch gun batteries on the beach. On 13 October and the days that followed, the 5-inch guns and the 105-mm howitzers attempted to silence Pistol Pete. But the trajectory of the 5-inch guns was too flat for effective counterbattery fire. Some of the 105's were moved up to the Matanikau River, but they were too light for effective counterbattery fire. Aircraft also attempted to silence the Japanese artillery, but were no more successful than the artillery." [There is no mention of the M1918 155mm howitzers that the 11th Marine Regiment had, so they must have arrived later.]

When F Battery, 244th CA, and the marine defense battalion's 155mm battery fired their guns as field artillery pieces, the familar modes of firing would have obtained, using such paraphenalia as the panoramic sight, aiming circle, external aiming point, etc., and with direction (and correction) either from a forward observer or off map coordinates. Coast artillery fire control is generally more precise than field artillery fire, shooting as it usually does against moving and maneuvering naval targets, so the seacoast gunners were already well schooled in the necessary math, and could have accomodated quickly to land firing.

I trust this additional information helps.

Alice
Last edited by nuyt on August 14th, 2011, 2:51 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Joined: August 11th, 2011, 7:13 pm

August 14th, 2011, 2:49 pm #9

I seek possible amplification of a story told to me by a veteran (now deceased) of F Btry, 244th CA:

START of Story: The 244th was still aboard their ship while Marines assaulted a Guadalcanal beach; the Marine assault was halted by fire from Japanese with large guns in caves overlooking the beach - the Marines had no weapon to effectively attack the cave guns. The 244th was ordered to the beach, ahead of Marines, and used their 155mm CA howitzers in direct fire mode to defeat the Japanese weapons in the caves and enable the beach assault to proceed. END

The veteran was very proud of his unit "clearing the way for the Marines."

I am just starting to understand the 244th CA unit history (and greatly appreciate the information provided by Alice W).

I wonder:
(1) if anyone can amplify on this story,
(2) if such 155mm direct fire was an technique which the CA trained for, or if it was ingenuity and innovation in response to the enemy, and
(3) if the direct fire by the CA - ahead of Marines in the beach assault - was part of the operation to secure airfield, for which official documents commend the CA unit.
I am impressed by the interest and depth of knowledge of both J Broshot, and Alice W, and thank you both. Clearly I have much reading to do to improve my knowledge and understanding, but you have pointed me to credible resources and given me a wonderful start.
This appears to be a worthy forum, and thank you for your energy and persistence in making it so.
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Joined: December 27th, 2007, 10:57 pm

August 14th, 2011, 3:37 pm #10

Hello Gordon,

It was my decided impression that you thought the 155mm pieces in the hands of F Battery, 3rd Battalion, 244th Coast Artillery Regiment, were specifically designed for the coast artillery and issued uniquely to that arm. Thus your question of how to use seacoast ordnance in a field artillery role. Your reply to mine, in which you identify the 155mm pieces in question as howitzers supports, more or less, my original impression, but that's fine, I'm willing to expand on my own original response. Some of this information has appeared in this forum in months or years past, so I'll brush over it briefly.

The 155mm pieces under discussion were not howitzers, but guns, which came in two distinct types, the old and the new. The old ones were the 155mm GPF or Grande Puissance Filloux (literally, Filloux's great explosive power or energy, from Captain {later Colonel} L. Filloux, a noted designer of French artillery pieces), adopted by the U.S. Army in WWI, and used throughout WWII, as a mobile field and coast artillery piece, a semi-static coast artillery piece emplaced on the well known Panama mount, and gun only, as the M12 gun motor carriage (mounted on the old M3 medium tank chasis), known casually as the King Kong. On its original wheeled carriage, the gun had a maximum elevation of 35 degrees and was highly accurate up to 10 miles (though it could hit at 12 miles). It was well liked by American artillerymen, and also saw service with the French, then the German, armies, the last also in a coast defense role.

The new 155mm gun was the M1, mounted on the M1 eight-wheeled carriage, which by design could also mount the new 8-inch howitzer. This gun elevated to 65 degrees and had a range in excess of 14 miles. Issued to American forces and its chief allies, the gun was used in both a field artillery and a coast artillery role. In the latter mode, it was emplaced on the Kelly/Kelley mount, particularly in the Pacific Theater. A caution: though artillerymen meticulously restricted the nickname, Long Tom, to the M1 gun, to differentiate it from the shorter GPF, other soldiers were less discriminating, with the same nickname often applied to the GPF when mounted as the M12 gun motor carriage, perhaps in the mistaken impression this self-propelled piece was the M1.

A few more thoughts: combat footage on Guadalcanal shows a variety of older equipment in use by the marines there, including the M1903 infantry rifle, the M2A4 light tank, and the M1918 155mm howitzer. Only the tank's combat service is unique to the island, as previously covered in this forum. The Springfield rifle was used by the marines because there had been an initial lack of interest in the Garand M1 by the Corps (which soon changed its mind); nonetheless, production of the M1 lagged behind demand as the war wore on, so the bolt action rifle saw ample use until war's end. The M1918 155mm howitzer also continued in service until late in the war. The point I wish to make is that this howitzer was in use by field artillerymen of the 11th Marine Regiment on Guadalcanal, not by F Battery, 244th Coast Artillery, which was equipped with guns of the same bore. At the range cited in John Miller's Guadalcanal: The First Offensive, either model gun could have been in use (again, I don't know which).

Although Mr. Broshot has quoted the most relevant pages in Miller's book describing this artillery action, the basic problem existing in mid-October 1942 is laid out on pages 148-49:

"After the last bomber had retired, the long-range 150-mm howitzers which the Japanese had been landing opened fire on the airfield and Kukum Beach from positions near Kokumbona. They first made Kukum Beach untenable. The 1st Marine Division had no sound-and-flash units to locate the enemy howitzers, or suitable counterbattery artillery with which to reply to 'Pistol Pete,' as the troops called the enemy artillery. The field artillery units were armed with 75-mm pack and 105-mm howitzers, and the 3d Defense Battalion had emplaced its 5-inch gun batteries on the beach. On 13 October and the days that followed, the 5-inch guns and the 105-mm howitzers attempted to silence Pistol Pete. But the trajectory of the 5-inch guns was too flat for effective counterbattery fire. Some of the 105's were moved up to the Matanikau River, but they were too light for effective counterbattery fire. Aircraft also attempted to silence the Japanese artillery, but were no more successful than the artillery." [There is no mention of the M1918 155mm howitzers that the 11th Marine Regiment had, so they must have arrived later.]

When F Battery, 244th CA, and the marine defense battalion's 155mm battery fired their guns as field artillery pieces, the familar modes of firing would have obtained, using such paraphenalia as the panoramic sight, aiming circle, external aiming point, etc., and with direction (and correction) either from a forward observer or off map coordinates. Coast artillery fire control is generally more precise than field artillery fire, shooting as it usually does against moving and maneuvering naval targets, so the seacoast gunners were already well schooled in the necessary math, and could have accomodated quickly to land firing.

I trust this additional information helps.

Alice
"The M1918 155mm howitzer also continued in service until late in the war. The point I wish to make is that this howitzer was in use by field artillerymen of the 11th Marine Regiment on Guadalcanal,"

The artillery regiments of both the 1st (11th Marines) and 2nd Marine Divisions (10th Marines) had 155mm howitzer battalions in 1942. But it doesn't appear that either battalion made it to Guadalcanal.

I suspect that 155mm M1918 howitzers on Guadalcanal belonged to Americal (221st FA Bn) or 25th Infantry Divisions (90th FA Bn).

Rottman's U S MARINE CORPS WORLD WAR II ORDER OF BATTLE says assets of 4th Battalion, 11th Marines (the 155mm howitzer battalion) was used to form 1st Corps Artillery Battalion in New Zealand on 11 Dec 1942.

Interestingly enough, Rottman has a second Army CA 155mm gun coast artillery unit deployed on Guadalcanal: "Battery B, 259th Coast Artillery Battalion - Deployed as Provisional Battery H, 3d Battalion, 244th Coast Artillery Regiment (155mm Gun) and was redesignated on 20 Jan 43"; and has it arriving BEFORE F/244th Coast Artillery Regiment.



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