# Tutorial: Intervals

 Posts 1,068 TV Challenges completed: 1 Oc of Choice: Dragontooth
Triple Ocarinist x 2
fermataheart
Triple Ocarinist x 2
Joined: November 25th, 2011, 1:20 am
A preface: So there were some awesome music theory tutorials written a long time ago and I just thought I'd continue to add to it. So I thought I'd start where they left off.

Intervals

An interval is counted by how many half steps are between a note. If you have trouble visualizing that in your head draw a piano:

Half steps are counted from the key NEXT TO the original pitch. So say you want to count the half steps between C4 to G4? Start counting at C#4 all the way to G4. You should get 7 half steps.

The number of half steps correspond to an interval, respectively.

0 - Prime or Unison
1 - minor second
2 - Major second
3 - minor third
4 - Major third
5 - Perfect fourth
6 - Tritone (augmented fourth)
7 - Perfect fifth
8 - minor sixth
9 - Major sixth
10 - minor seventh
11 - Major seventh
12 - Perfect Octave

Looking back at our previous example we found the number of half steps between C4 and G4 was 7 half steps. Looking up at the chart we saw that 7 half steps makes C4 to G4 a Perfect fifth.

Now try these on your own:

1) C4 to F4
2) C4 to C5
3) C4 to E4
4) F4 to A4
5) G4 to Bb4
6) A4 to A#4
7) B4 to B4
8) D4 to G4
9) C4 to B4
10) E4 to F#4
11) D4 to G#4
12) D4 to D5
13) D4 to B4
14) F#4 to C4
15) E4 to C4

[+] Spoiler

1) Perfect 5th
2) Perfect Octave
3) Major 3rd
4) Major 3rd
5) minor 3rd
6) minor 2nd
7) Prime or Unison
8) Perfect 4th
9) Major 7th
10) Major 2nd
11) Tritone (Augmented 4th)
12) Perfect Octave
13) Major 6th
14) Tritone (Augmented 4th)
15) minor 6th
Hearing Intervals:

Additionally as you go on in music you may find it helpful to want to be able to hear intervals in music (it helps tremendously in learning how to play by ear for example). The best way to learn intervals is to train yourself to hear them, and thusly cultivating a good relative pitch.

Examples of intervals in music (found in the first interval of the song)

minor 2nd - the Jaws theme
Major 2nd - Happy Birthday
minor 3rd - Brahms' Lullaby
Major 3rd - Oh When the Saints
Perfect 4th - Amazing Grace
Tritone - Maria (West Side Story)
Perfect Fifth - Star Wars, Twinkle Twinkle
minor 6th - The Entertainer
Major 6th - My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean
minor 7th - There's a Place for Us (West Side Story)
Major 7th - Pure Imagination
Perfect Octave - Somewhere Over the Rainbow

Good resource in learning to hear intervals is: http://www.trainear.com/

Instruments Owned:
[+] Spoiler
Horst 4/4 Cello (Name: Victoria)
Rosewood Strumstick (Name: Artemis)
Kentucky Mandolin (Name: Sibel)
Dragontooth Ocarina Strawfired (Name: Winston)
(Discontinued) Songbird Soprano Pendant (Name: Jay)
7 hole Songbird OoT (Name: Navi)

Treble Concertina (Name: Jaqueline)
Jaw Harp (Name: Pepino)
Instruments Desired (In Somewhat of an Order of Priority):
[+] Spoiler

Hind Double Inline (Tenor F)
Songbird Little Wing (?)

 Posts 5,526 TV Challenges completed: 1 Oc of Choice: Aria in matte black Browser: Internet Explorer 10
Joined: January 17th, 2009, 11:43 pm
This is awesome! Thanks for taking the time to write/post it.
Last edited by Ocarinadiva on July 24th, 2012, 8:16 pm, edited 1 time in total.

STL Contractor: I make ocarina product overviews and design ocarinas.

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 Posts 1,068 TV Challenges completed: 1 Oc of Choice: Dragontooth
Triple Ocarinist x 2
fermataheart
Triple Ocarinist x 2
Joined: November 25th, 2011, 1:20 am
Thanks for the appreciation

I kind of hope this gets sticked so it doesn't get lost...

Instruments Owned:
[+] Spoiler
Horst 4/4 Cello (Name: Victoria)
Rosewood Strumstick (Name: Artemis)
Kentucky Mandolin (Name: Sibel)
Dragontooth Ocarina Strawfired (Name: Winston)
(Discontinued) Songbird Soprano Pendant (Name: Jay)
7 hole Songbird OoT (Name: Navi)

Treble Concertina (Name: Jaqueline)
Jaw Harp (Name: Pepino)
Instruments Desired (In Somewhat of an Order of Priority):
[+] Spoiler

Hind Double Inline (Tenor F)
Songbird Little Wing (?)

 Posts 2,333 TV Challenges completed: 1 Oc of Choice: Imperial City Triple Bass C Browser: Opera
SuperBobKing
Joined: February 14th, 2012, 10:23 pm
A second for a sticky.
The signature you have requested does not exist.
Error Code: 31003:2481069

 Posts 9,165 TV Challenges completed: 1 Browser: Firefox
Wollemi Pine
Joined: January 11th, 2012, 2:03 am
Let's see if this helps....

Last edited by Wollemi Pine on July 24th, 2012, 10:16 pm, edited 1 time in total.
[+] Some Ocarinas I Own

Multi-Chamber Ocarinas
Pacchioni Tripla-P C5 (Bass)
Triple Huaca
Bon Solist Triple
Dinda Double AC
Dinda Triple AC
Maparam Triple

Transverse Ocarinas (Sweet Potato)
Aria, Tenor C
Aria, Alto G
Songbird Muse (Eb & F)
Songbird Dragon Tooth, 13-hole (D)
Zin: Soprano C, Tenor C (Bass)
Hamlett, Alto C
Epicai Crab Claw (E)

Spoony AC
CJ AC
Dreambirth Abstract Bass
Robert Hickman AC

Inline Ocarinas
Hind Tenor F
Mountain Aluminum G

Pendant Ocarinas
Whistleworks Killer Whale
STL Mouse

Vintage Ocarinas
Fiehn: C1, B2, E4.5, D5 (1877 stamp), C6, A7.5, G9, C13, G17
Chiesa
Canella
Teschner
Old Glory: C, G
Gretsch: C, G
EWA: F
Guido Bondi (GB)
Hopf
Reform
Missnia
"Original"
Mathieu (metal)
Waterbury

Broken Ocarinas
None!
[+] Wish List

Vintage Ocarinas (PM me if you have any for sale)
Maparam Ocarinas (PM me if you have one for sale)
fm12692's Bass
Hind Double Sweet Potato
Ocflute
Woodsound
Spencer Double
Menaglio Do 7
Purple Clay Triple
Osawa Forte Triple
ABC Notation Primer Guide - Learn how to easily create sheet music and ocarina tabs

 Posts 1,068 TV Challenges completed: 1 Oc of Choice: Dragontooth
Triple Ocarinist x 2
fermataheart
Triple Ocarinist x 2
Joined: November 25th, 2011, 1:20 am
It didn't work Wollemi

Instruments Owned:
[+] Spoiler
Horst 4/4 Cello (Name: Victoria)
Rosewood Strumstick (Name: Artemis)
Kentucky Mandolin (Name: Sibel)
Dragontooth Ocarina Strawfired (Name: Winston)
(Discontinued) Songbird Soprano Pendant (Name: Jay)
7 hole Songbird OoT (Name: Navi)

Treble Concertina (Name: Jaqueline)
Jaw Harp (Name: Pepino)
Instruments Desired (In Somewhat of an Order of Priority):
[+] Spoiler

Hind Double Inline (Tenor F)
Songbird Little Wing (?)

 Posts 5,526 TV Challenges completed: 1 Oc of Choice: Aria in matte black Browser: Internet Explorer 10
Joined: January 17th, 2009, 11:43 pm
Yay! It's a sticky now.

There's another thing that intervals really helps with - midi backtracks!

Sometimes you'll want to transpose a midi file but you'll want one part to be higher and one part to be lower. If you transpose up 3 then for the other part you'll want to transpose down 9. Basically you can transpose either way but the total has to equal 12.

This is really helpful when you want to transpose a melody higher but don't want to backing to go into the next octave. You can instead transpose down. As long as the up/down together total 12 - you know you're good!

STL Contractor: I make ocarina product overviews and design ocarinas.

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 Posts 9,165 TV Challenges completed: 1 Browser: Firefox
Wollemi Pine
Joined: January 11th, 2012, 2:03 am
Wollemi Pine wrote:Let's see if this helps....

It worked! Yay for stickiness!
[+] Some Ocarinas I Own

Multi-Chamber Ocarinas
Pacchioni Tripla-P C5 (Bass)
Triple Huaca
Bon Solist Triple
Dinda Double AC
Dinda Triple AC
Maparam Triple

Transverse Ocarinas (Sweet Potato)
Aria, Tenor C
Aria, Alto G
Songbird Muse (Eb & F)
Songbird Dragon Tooth, 13-hole (D)
Zin: Soprano C, Tenor C (Bass)
Hamlett, Alto C
Epicai Crab Claw (E)

Spoony AC
CJ AC
Dreambirth Abstract Bass
Robert Hickman AC

Inline Ocarinas
Hind Tenor F
Mountain Aluminum G

Pendant Ocarinas
Whistleworks Killer Whale
STL Mouse

Vintage Ocarinas
Fiehn: C1, B2, E4.5, D5 (1877 stamp), C6, A7.5, G9, C13, G17
Chiesa
Canella
Teschner
Old Glory: C, G
Gretsch: C, G
EWA: F
Guido Bondi (GB)
Hopf
Reform
Missnia
"Original"
Mathieu (metal)
Waterbury

Broken Ocarinas
None!
[+] Wish List

Vintage Ocarinas (PM me if you have any for sale)
Maparam Ocarinas (PM me if you have one for sale)
fm12692's Bass
Hind Double Sweet Potato
Ocflute
Woodsound
Spencer Double
Menaglio Do 7
Purple Clay Triple
Osawa Forte Triple
ABC Notation Primer Guide - Learn how to easily create sheet music and ocarina tabs

Double Ocarinist x 3
miguel from portugal
Double Ocarinist x 3
Joined: May 23rd, 2012, 11:10 am
Very good post.

 Posts 5 TV Challenges completed: 1 Browser: Opera
Beginner
abhishekshah
Beginner
Joined: December 17th, 2013, 5:37 am
thank you very much