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I disagree. The tonic note is the first note of a scale, yes, but ocarinas (and other wind instruments) are tuned to a fundamental scale. The notes below the tonic of that scale are sub-tonic in the precise sense that they are below the lowest note of the fundamental scale of the instrument. The lowest note of many C5 ocarinas is A4, and it is certainly possible to play an A major scale starting at A4. But it would be misleading to call it an ocarina tuned to A4. It's tuned to C5 with notes below the tonic of that scale. Again, the lowest note on a Bb tenor sax is a concert Ab, and although it's certainly possible to play an Ab major scale starting on that note, it's not an Ab tenor sax. Once again, some soprano recorders have a low B foot, but they are still C recorders. What makes recorders, saxes, ocarinas, and many other instruments "in" the key that they're in is the key of the fundamental scale for that instrument.Krešimir Cindrić wrote:I think its origin is from the misconception that "C = tonic" on an ocarina in C. B and A are below C, so they must be "sub-tonic"