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Henry (if I may call you that): At sea, the wire twisted taut using a pipe/piece of wood was known as a "Spanish Windlass". No idea if the term is still in use. I don't see it as derogatory, but its bound to be insensitive now.Statkowski wrote: Back before tie-down chains with latching mechanisms and tie-down straps were invented/created, annealed iron wire was used to secure loads. With multiple strands wrapped around whatever it was that needed such, the wire was twisted taut using a pipe, iron rod or spare piece of wood. For pipes and pieces of lumber on a flatcar, this kept the entire package as one unit. For vehicles, it kept the vehicle from moving, not only forward or backward, but also sideways.
Rest assured that the items shown in the film were secured according to A.A.R. loading specifications. Restraint requirements for rail shipments (two axes) versus nautical shipments (six axes) are significantly different. Far more restraint needed in all directions for ocean shipments, including having a supercargo check each individual restraint at least once or twice a day.Vandibe wrote: The soldiers are using ridiculously flimsy wire in the Spanish windlass form described above and very simple wood dunnage nailed into the deck of the flat car. No way that stuff would stop a tank or tank destroyer if they hit the brakes.