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Thanks Henry:Statkowski wrote: "Run of mine" and "Lump" coal would have been the same thing. It's coal that had not been graded by size, or crushed. Some of it was big lumps, some of it was nearly dust. Purchased in such a condition, it cost less since there was less processing of it to do by the coal company. Straight from the mine into the hopper cars.
For HO scale, you might want the largest size possible, perhaps even S scale or O scale stuff mixed in to give it some variety.
Once upon a time, back in the olden days, coal was shipped raw, without any coating, and it left a trail of coal dust wherever the cars ran. Nowadays the bituminous coal is crushed and coated (with some form of light oil) before it leaves the processing plant. It holds together well and none of it blows off the cars as the trains go by.
According to Wikipedia, "Build a better mousetrap, and the world will beat a path to your door" is a phrase attributed to Ralph Waldo Emerson in the late nineteenth century although that is paraphrasing what he actually said.nhhe52 wrote:The first successful boiler economizer design was used to increase the steam-raising efficiency of the boilers of stationary steam engines. It was patented by Edward Green in 1845, and since then has been known as Green's economizer. He didn’t know it but Mr. Green was certainly being environmentally responsible by making boilers more efficient and burning less coal and he made money while doing it. Way ahead of his time.
One of these then would be more appropriate?Statkowski wrote: Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. If you're happy with it, then it'll do. The top hook would be more appropriate.
The wire rope, however, should be black, not rusted. The wire rope was greased with a graphite grease to stop it from rusting and keep it more or less flexible (rust, in addition to weakening it, would also hamper its flexibility).
Thanks again,Statkowski wrote: Top one looks more like a winch. Bottom one looks more like a windlass. Top one needs a motor to go with it.
Something with an industrial look, greasy, grungy, well used.