Wayne Miller
Wayne Miller

October 13th, 2009, 4:59 pm #1

Galatians 5 - NIV

13.) You, my brothers, were called to be free. But do not use your freedom to indulge the sinful nature; rather, serve one another in love. 14.) The entire law is summed up in a single command: "Love your neighbor as yourself." 15.) If you keep on biting and devouring each other, watch out or you will be destroyed by each other.

Dr. Bill Crump
Dr. Bill Crump

October 15th, 2009, 12:41 am #2

"Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort [you] that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints" (Jude 1:3 KJV).

Those who despise the faith will always bite at and seek to devour those who earnestly contend for the faith.

Wayne Miller
Wayne Miller

October 16th, 2009, 6:29 am #3

Jude 1 - NIV

The sin and doom of Godless men

3.) Dear friends, although I was very eager to write to you about the salvation we share, I felt I had to write and urge you to contend for the faith that was once for all entrusted to the saints. 4.) For certain men whose condemnation was written about long ago have secretly slipped in among you. They are godless men, who change the grace of our God into a license for immorality and deny Jesus Christ our only Sovereign and Lord.

5.) Though you already know all this, I want to remind you that the Lord delivered his people out of Egypt, but later destroyed those who did not believe. 6.) And the angels who did not keep their positions of authority but abandoned their own homethese he has kept in darkness, bound with everlasting chains for judgment on the great Day. 7.) In a similar way, Sodom and Gomorrah and the surrounding towns gave themselves up to sexual immorality and perversion. They serve as an example of those who suffer the punishment of eternal fire.

8.) In the very same way, these dreamers pollute their own bodies, reject authority and slander celestial beings. 9.) But even the archangel Michael, when he was disputing with the devil about the body of Moses, did not dare to bring a slanderous accusation against him, but said, "The Lord rebuke you!" 10.) Yet these men speak abusively against whatever they do not understand; and what things they do understand by instinct, like unreasoning animalsthese are the very things that destroy them.

11.) Woe to them! They have taken the way of Cain; they have rushed for profit into Balaam's error; they have been destroyed in Korah's rebellion.

12.) These men are blemishes at your love feasts, eating with you without the slightest qualmshepherds who feed only themselves. They are clouds without rain, blown along by the wind; autumn trees, without fruit and uprootedtwice dead. 13.) They are wild waves of the sea, foaming up their shame; wandering stars, for whom blackest darkness has been reserved forever.

14.) Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men: "See, the Lord is coming with thousands upon thousands of his holy ones 15.) to judge everyone, and to convict all the ungodly of all the ungodly acts they have done in the ungodly way, and of all the harsh words ungodly sinners have spoken against him." 16.) These men are grumblers and faultfinders; they follow their own evil desires; they boast about themselves and flatter others for their own advantage.


October 16th, 2009, 4:39 pm #4

[color=#0000FF" size="3" face="times]Thanks for the passage, Wayne.

You see, the change agents in the brotherhood are doing exactly the opposite. Instead of "that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints," they have become followers of Rick Warren with his culture-driven approach to church growth and Community Church-ism.

Just how many churches of Christ have become Community Churches?[/color]

Ken Sublett
Ken Sublett

October 16th, 2009, 7:17 pm #5

Galatians 5 - NIV

13.) You, my brothers, were called to be free. But do not use your freedom to indulge the sinful nature; rather, serve one another in love. 14.) The entire law is summed up in a single command: "Love your neighbor as yourself." 15.) If you keep on biting and devouring each other, watch out or you will be destroyed by each other.
Thanks, Wayne, for making a good point: Jude points to The Book of Enoch which has always been honored for it clear description of the falls from grace. The accounts are well documented on Clay Tablets containing the understanding of people 2 to 3 thousand years before Moses wrote the same account. After the nations fall from Grace at Mount Sinai because of musical idolatry they were turned over to worship the starry host. At the same time God intended to remove them "beyond Babylon" in time. Moses records the same events as a warning to the Israelites not to fall into the worship of the tribe of Levi.

I have collected three dozen versions of the Book of Enoch story which may be told in Romans 1. The clear understanding was that the family of the EVIL LAMECH line introduced all of the arts and crafts and led the people into idolatry. The Jubal, Jabal, Tubal-Cain and Naamah is defined in these Babylonian stories.

The reason for the fatal FALLS from grace was Satan seducing the Cainites the holy people away from the Living Word lusing mixed-sex choirs, playing instruments, wearing apparel (clergy robes) which caused the fall into sexual and homosexual problems: this is the same PLAY at Mount Sinai.

Jude 14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,

This is also what happened at Mount Sinai

15 To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him

Enoch 2:1 Behold, he comes with ten thousands of his saints, to execute judgment upon them, and destroy the wicked, and reprove all the carnal for everything which the sinful and ungodly have done, and committed against him.

Jude 16 These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling words, having mens persons in admiration because of advantage.


Peter uses the same warning to specificially mark false teachers who do not teach that which is written where ekklesia is "a school of the Bible." It has no room for the grumblers or musical performars John in Revelation 18 calls sorcers.

Here is a collection of a rough comparison between Jude and the Book of Enoch.



Wayne Miller
Wayne Miller

October 18th, 2009, 7:54 am #6

[color=#0000FF" size="3" face="times]Thanks for the passage, Wayne.

You see, the change agents in the brotherhood are doing exactly the opposite. Instead of "that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints," they have become followers of Rick Warren with his culture-driven approach to church growth and Community Church-ism.

Just how many churches of Christ have become Community Churches?[/color]
Galatians 3 - NIV

26.) You are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus, 27.) for all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ. 28.) There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 29.) If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.

Galatians 6 - NIV

1.) Brothers, if someone is caught in a sin, you who are spiritual should restore him gently. But watch yourself, or you also may be tempted. 2.) Carry each other's burdens, and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ. 3.) If anyone thinks he is something when he is nothing, he deceives himself. 4.) Each one should test his own actions. Then he can take pride in himself, without comparing himself to somebody else, 5.) for each one should carry his own load.

Romans 15 - NIV

1.) We who are strong ought to bear with the failings of the weak and not to please ourselves. 2.) Each of us should please his neighbor for his good, to build him up. 3.) For even Christ did not please himself but, as it is written: "The insults of those who insult you have fallen on me." 4.) For everything that was written in the past was written to teach us, so that through endurance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.

5.) May the God who gives endurance and encouragement give you a spirit of unity among yourselves as you follow Christ Jesus, 6.) so that with one heart and mouth you may glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.

7.) Accept one another, then, just as Christ accepted you, in order to bring praise to God. 8.) For I tell you that Christ has become a servant of the Jews on behalf of God's truth, to confirm the promises made to the patriarchs 9.) so that the Gentiles may glorify God for his mercy, as it is written:
"Therefore I will praise you among the Gentiles;
I will sing hymns to your name." 10.) Again, it says,
"Rejoice, O Gentiles, with his people." 11.) And again,
"Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles,
and sing praises to him, all you peoples." 12.) And again, Isaiah says,
"The Root of Jesse will spring up,
one who will arise to rule over the nations;
the Gentiles will hope in him."

13.) May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace as you trust in him, so that you may overflow with hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.

1 John 4 - NIV

God's Love and Ours

7.) Dear friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God. Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows God. 8.) Whoever does not love does not know God, because God is love. 9.) This is how God showed his love among us: He sent his one and only Son into the world that we might live through him. 10.) This is love: not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins. 11.) Dear friends, since God so loved us, we also ought to love one another. 12.) No one has ever seen God; but if we love one another, God lives in us and his love is made complete in us.

13.) We know that we live in him and he in us, because he has given us of his Spirit. 14.) And we have seen and testify that the Father has sent his Son to be the Savior of the world. 15.) If anyone acknowledges that Jesus is the Son of God, God lives in him and he in God. 16.) And so we know and rely on the love God has for us.
God is love. Whoever lives in love lives in God, and God in him. 17.) In this way, love is made complete among us so that we will have confidence on the day of judgment, because in this world we are like him. 18.) There is no fear in love. But perfect love drives out fear, because fear has to do with punishment. The one who fears is not made perfect in love.

19.) We love because he first loved us. 20.) If anyone says, "I love God," yet hates his brother, he is a liar. For anyone who does not love his brother, whom he has seen, cannot love God, whom he has not seen. 21.) And he has given us this command: Whoever loves God must also love his brother.

1 Corinthians 13 - NIV

4.) Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. 5.) It is not rude, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs. 6.) Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. 7.) It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres.

Ephesians 4 - NIV

29.) Do not let any unwholesome talk come out of your mouths, but only what is helpful for building others up according to their needs, that it may benefit those who listen. 30.) And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. 31.) Get rid of all bitterness, rage and anger, brawling and slander, along with every form of malice. 32.) Be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving each other, just as in Christ God forgave you.

Hebrews 12 - NIV

14.) Make every effort to live in peace with all men and to be holy; without holiness no one will see the Lord. 15.) See to it that no one misses the grace of God and that no bitter root grows up to cause trouble and defile many.


Ken Sublett
Ken Sublett

October 19th, 2009, 9:18 pm #7

Galatians 5 - NIV

13.) You, my brothers, were called to be free. But do not use your freedom to indulge the sinful nature; rather, serve one another in love. 14.) The entire law is summed up in a single command: "Love your neighbor as yourself." 15.) If you keep on biting and devouring each other, watch out or you will be destroyed by each other.
Those who lie about all of the instrument terms in the Bible and recorded history say that in some way God TOLD them that they should deliberately sow discord by restoring the CURSE of the sacrificial system totally abandoned to paganism BECAUSE of musical idolatry at Mount Sinai.

If you don't know the meaning of ekklesia / synagogue it is pretty clear that you cannot BE one of those.

If you don't know the difference between being a DISCIPLE of what Christ commanded to be taught, and a ceremonial legalist then you CANNOT now be such a disciple.

You don't get to land on the Moon without knowing what is a NASA ASTRONAUT school. Nor, can you land on the moon by skipping class and attending the local musical.

No one ever suggested a role for MUSIC in the Church of Christ established in the wilderness without not KNOWING what happened, who then used the legalistic, doomed PATTERNISM of the Tribe of Levi.

Unless you have more immunity than the tribe of Levi whom Jacob had warned "do not attend their assemblies" you might consider yourself a spiritually dead man. If you have lied to impose and to drive away the owners the MARK will never burn off.

Gen. 49:5 Simeon and Levi are brethren;
......instruments [apparatus, psaltery, weapon]
......of cruelty are in their habitations. [stabbings, a pot or furnace]
Gen. 49:6 O my soul,
......come not thou into their secret;
......unto their assembly, mine honour,
......be not thou united:
......for in their anger they slew a man,
......and in their selfwill [delight] they digged down a wall.

The mantra of Promise Keepers who purposed to "come into their assembly" was Tear Down The Walls!

Gen. 49:7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce;
......and their wrath, for it was cruel:
......I will divide them in Jacob,
......and scatter them in Israel.

Looking far into the future for the spiritual priesthood.

Gen. 49:8 Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy fathers children shall bow down before thee.

in Numbers when Korah and 250 of the famous or men of renown decided that they should have a part in the sacrificial system which God had laded on to the Tribe of Levi. As the ultimate way of repudiating famous men who want to be religious leaders Moses tells us their motive.

Num. 16:15 And Moses was very wroth, and said unto the LORD,
......Respect not thou their offering:
......I have not taken one ass from them,
......neither have I hurt one of them.

God's righteousness was to consume them in a moment: they were gathered before the Taberncle andthe went down into a pit and it closed over them. This caused the people to plead for mercy and an offering was made by Aaron to stop the plague. The "budding rod" miracle was to confirm that only Aaron and the Levites were ordained by God.


Num. 17:12 And the children of Israel spake unto Moses, saying,
......Behold, we die, we perish, we all perish.
Num. 17:13 Whosoever cometh any thing near unto the tabernacle of the LORD shall die:
......shall we be consumed with dying?

The tribe of Levi had been cursed by their father and WE were warned NOT to attend their assemblies. The Church was set up to QUARANTINE all civillians FROM their slaughter where they USED instruments for the BURNT OFFERINGS which Christ said HAD NOT BEEN COMMANDED.

Not in Jerusalem or the vilest pagan temple could singers or instrument players come NEAR the holy place or thing.

In Numbers 18 God confirmed that the honor the famous people was really being the sin bearers for the nation.

Num 18:1 And the LORD said unto Aaron,
......Thou and thy sons and thy fathers house with thee
......shall bear the iniquity of the sanctuary: [a sancturary whether for Jehovah or idols]
......and thou and thy sons with thee shall bear the iniquity of your priesthood.
......[Kahan, an old pagan priesthood]


If you miss the point that God turned the Levi tribe over to WORSHIP THE STARRY HOST, and your preacher says that the Spirit "told him to impose that" God has provided a way of ESCAPE and not authority for the new class of Priests and Levites

H5771 âvôn âvôn aw-vone', aw-vone' From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil:--fault, iniquity, mischief, punishment (of iniquity), sin.

H5753 âvâh aw-vaw' A primitive root; to crook, literally or figuratively:--do amiss, bow down, make crooked, commit iniquity, pervert, (do) perverse (-ly), trouble, X turn, do wickedly, do wrong.

Jesus wants us to be saved FROM this perverse, CROOKED race and not JOIN THEM! The Scribes and Pharisees He identified as hypocrites: speakers, singers and instrument players.

Ken Sublett
Ken Sublett

October 23rd, 2009, 9:40 pm #8

Galatians 5 - NIV

13.) You, my brothers, were called to be free. But do not use your freedom to indulge the sinful nature; rather, serve one another in love. 14.) The entire law is summed up in a single command: "Love your neighbor as yourself." 15.) If you keep on biting and devouring each other, watch out or you will be destroyed by each other.
Instrumental "noise" in Jerusalem was always a signal that no citizen must be inside the walls and that the "officials" must worship which means to fall on their face. The noise is not worship and does not contribute to worship: it is a FORCE to FORCE you to the ground.

In the case of Daniel Oil-Rig notes that there are 6 instruments named 6 times as in 666: another account OMITS one of the instruments. How strange. Daniel and his friends REFUSED to "worship" when the instruments were sounded. Isn't that an approved example?

NEBUCHADNEZZAR the king made an image of gold, whose height was threescore cubits (60), and the breadth thereof six (6) cubits: he set it up in the plain of Dura (circle), in the province of Babylon. Dan 3:1

That at what time ye hear the sound of the (1) cornet, (2) flute, (3) harp, (4) sackbut, (5) psaltery, (6) dulcimer, and all kinds of musick, ye fall down and worship the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king hath set up: Dan 3:5

They claim that they can lead you into the presence of God. They claim that if you enthuse over the music then you are WORSHIPING GOD. So strange and so blind and so willingly.

On another thread we are discussing the SACKBUT: like all of these instruments they belong to the FEMALE or EFFEMINATE.

"The psaltery (psalterion, saltere, sauterie, Psalterium, Psalter, salterio) is an ancient intstrument seen in many forms. Early versions were simply a wooden board with gut strings stretched between pegs. The strings were plucked with fingers or by plectra (the name might have derived from the Greek psallein meaning plucked with fingers)

"The name of psaltery entered Christian literature in the 3rd century B.C. translation of the Old Testament called the Septuagint where, in the Psalms, nebel was translated psalterion. Thus, Nebuchadnezzar's idolatrous ensemble included the Aramic psantria. Notice, also, that the book of Psalms has also become known as the Psalter (or psalterium), from the hymns sung with this harp..

Nebel (h5035) neh'-bel; or nebel nay'-bel; from 5034; a skin- bag for liquids (from collapsing when empty); hence a vase (as similar in shape when full); also a lyre (as having a body of like form): - bottle, pitcher, psaltery, vessel, viol

Nabel (h5034) naw-bale'; a prim. root; to wilt; gen. to fall away, fail, faint; fig. to be foolish or (mor.) wicked; causat. to despise, disgrace: - disgrace, dishonour, lightly esteem, fade (away, - ing), fall (down, -ling, off), do foolishly, come to nought, * surely, make vile, wither..

Nabal (h5036) naw-bawl'; from 5034; stupid; wicked (espec. impious): - fool (-ish, -ish man, -ish woman), vile person.

PSALLO outlaws plucking with a guitar pick. Psallo specificially OUTLAWS blowing a wind instrument, a piano, organ, drums even a tiny harp unless you use only your fingers.

When the scholars translated from Hebrew to Greek they understood that ALL of the psallo-derived words spoke of making war or making perverted love.

HERE IS ONE OF THE NACC'S PROOFS THAT PSALLO PERMITS PLUCKING. All of those diverting happy churches into using instruments build on the foundation by Tom Burgess who repeats all of the literary resources collected by O.E.Payne in the first attempt to JUSTIFY the use of instruments.


Plutarch, Lives (ed. Bernadotte Perrin) [4] Such objects are to be found in virtuous deeds; these implant in those who search them out a great and zealous eagerness which leads to imitation. In other cases, admiration of the deed is not immediately accompanied by an impulse to do it. Nay, many times, on the contrary, while we delight in the work, we despise the workman,

as, for instance, in the case of perfumes and dyes; we take a delight in them,

but dyers and perfumers we regard as illiberal and vulgar folk.

[5] Therefore it was a fine saying of Antisthenes, when he heard that Ismenias was an excellent piper:

"But he's a worthless man," said he, "otherwise he wouldn't be so good a piper."

That proves, says the musical invaders. PROVES that God wants us to pluck the flute as worship in church.

And so Philip once said to his son, who, as the wine went round, plucked the strings charmingly and skilfully, "Art not ashamed to pluck the strings so well?" It is enough, surely, if a king have leisure to hear others pluck the strings, and he pays great deference to the Muses if he be but a spectator of such contests.

Of course, Alexander was trying to seduce his favorite young boy. Didn't he die of some vile disease?

Yes, I know, all of the scholars say God has NOTHING bad to say about us using INSTRUMENTAL PRAISE: in Fact, Rick Atchley was told that GOD COMMANDS INSTRUMENTAL PRAISE and WE MUST NOT BE DISOBEDIEND while He (Jesus) is trying to teach that which has been taught.

And all of the ditto head say AMEN!

Wayne Miller
Wayne Miller

October 26th, 2009, 8:54 am #9

Proverbs 17 - NIV

24.) A discerning person keeps wisdom in view, but a fool's eye wander to the ends of the earth.

27.) Those who have knowledge use words with restraint, and those who have understanding are even-tempered.

Proverbs 18 - NIV

2.) Fools find no pleasure in understanding but delight in airing their own opinions.

1 Timothy 1 - NIV

3.) As I urged you when I went into Macedonia, stay there in Ephesus so that you may command certain men not to teach false doctrines any longer 4.) nor to devote themselves to myths and endless genealogies. these promote controversies rather than God's work which is by faith. 5.) The goal of this command is love, which comes from a pure heart and a good conscience and a sincere faith. 6.) Some have wandered away from these and turned to meaningless talk. 7.) They want to be teachers of the law, but they do not know what they are talking about or what they so confidently affirm. 8.) We know that the law is good if one uses it properly.

Titus 3 - NIV

9.) But avoid foolish controversies and genealogies and arguments and quarrels about the law, because these are unprofitable and useless. 10.) Warn a divisive person once, and then warn him a second time. After that, have nothing to do with him. 11.) You may be sure that such a man is warped and sinful; he is self-condemned.


Ken Sublett
Ken Sublett

October 26th, 2009, 6:38 pm #10

Galatians 5 - NIV

13.) You, my brothers, were called to be free. But do not use your freedom to indulge the sinful nature; rather, serve one another in love. 14.) The entire law is summed up in a single command: "Love your neighbor as yourself." 15.) If you keep on biting and devouring each other, watch out or you will be destroyed by each other.
At the ACU Summit 2009 this year the MOUNTAIN was their PATTERNISM for the Church: they missed the most important chapters. We can be certain that no one at the PEAK understood what happened at Mount Sinai: it was the musical idolatry of the Egyptian (etal) trinity. For this affront, rather than being a PATTERNISM for us, God removed His grace and abandoned them to worship the starry host: anyone having read Acts 7 would ask some questions before daring to preach.

They lectured on Exodus 31 and just HOPPED over Exodus 32. Here are some very rough notes


Exod 31:12 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,
Exod 31:13 Speak thou also unto the CHILDREN OF ISRAEL,
......saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep:
......for it is a sign between me and you
......throughout your generations; [your revolution of time]
......that ye may know that I am the Lord that doth sanctify you.

That doesn't sound like A DAY OF WORSHIP to me! The word KEEP is:

8104. shamar, shaw-mar´; a primitive root; properly, to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; .

Exod 31:14 Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you:
......every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death:
......for whosoever doeth any work therein,
......that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

The ANOTHER DAY of rest is the Greek PAUO which means to STOP the speaking, singing, playing and having a party.



The golden calf represented Apis a real bull calf in Egypt. This represented the always-pagan ftrinitiy of Osiris, Isis and Horus.

The Egyptian Opis (Apis) and others which Israel worshipped at Mount Sinal were worshipped throughout the area. "In preference to all other hymns these choirs generally sang the so-called epiphany hymns,which were intended to invite the gods to appear. Plutarch wrote:

Why do the women of Elis call upon God in song to approach them with the bull's foot? Their song is the following:

......Come, Dionysus, Hero,
......into the holy temple of Elis,
......together with the Graces
......come violently into the temple with the bull's foot!
......Then they sang twice at the end: "Sacred Bull!"
......(Johannes Quasten, Music & Worship in Pagan and Christian Antiquity, p. 76)

"For NONLITERATE peoples, music often serves purposes other than entertainment or aesthetic enjoyment. Certain wind instrumentare closely associated with the supernatural, and their sounds connote powerful magic. Australian Aborigines, for instance, identify the sound of a bull-roarer with thevoices of supernatural beings; for the Plains Indians, the same sound signifies an awesome natural phenomenon, such as thunder. Wind instruments are often among a group's most important ritual objects, and in some cultures they are specially venerated. The Kamairua Indians of the Amazon rain forest keep their giant flutes (three to four feet long), wherein spirits are believed to dwell, in a special shrine where they are worshiped. The flutes and drums of New Guinea are similarly housed and worshiped.

"Wind instruments in primitive cultures also serve nonreligious functions. In New Guinea, bamboo trumpets were once played

to frighten an enemyduring battle and
to alert a village that the victorious warriors were coming home with the corpses of the foes.

"Conch-shell trumpets are used for signaling in the Pacific coastal regions of Columbia and in the Ecuadoran highlands.

Trumpets also may be associated with the office of king or chief, as in West Africa,
where their use is strictly controlled by tribal law. "wind instrument" Encyclopædia Britannica Online.

When Moses came DOWN from the Mountain ACU just SKIPPED the punch line. Moses recognized the sounds of VICTORY and the sounds of DEFEAT, but, he says IT IS SINGING THAT I HEAR. That meaning IDOLATRY .

Sorry, but there is no evidence that does not mark religious music as IDOLATRY and at Mount Sinai (HOPPED OVER BY ACU) sexual perversion. Look at Romans 1 to define Sinai.