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There is one body, and one Spirit, even as you are called in one hope of your calling;
One Lord, one faith, one baptism, One God and Father of all, who is above all,
and through all, and in you all.
In my situation, I have been baptized as a child (around the age of 8) by a minister within a non-denominational church (Horizon Southbay Christian Fellowship; I can ask my parents for the mans name, they would definitely remember) under the Trinitarian formula by parents who both professed the Christian faith: is this a true baptism?marno wrote: AMR brought out the connection between NT baptism and OT circumcision. I think this is further borne out in the WCF (28.4): that "one, or both" parents must be (professed) believers. As Paul pointed out in Rom. 4:11 circumcision was a sign of Abraham's faith that he had while uncircumcised. In some way then, those who hold to infant baptism (the WCF view, and mine) similarly consider the baptism of infants as a sign of the parent's faith and commitment to instill the same in their child (as the children of Abraham were circumcised as a sign not of their faith but of the covenant with Abraham). Hence the pledges on their parts to raise their child according to the the Christian faith, etc.
If then the minister is duly ordained, and baptizes a child where neither parent is a professed believer (and I cannot imagine such a scenario actually happening, but these are strange days), the baptism is not valid. There is no accord with Abraham and circumcision here. So it is not only the ordination of the minister but the faith of one or both parents as well.
The baptism of an adult of course is another matter. As a minister I would not automatically refuse re-baptism, but help the person understand the circumstances of their previous baptism, and whether a second were called for. I would explain that there is no true "re-baptism," only a first legitimate baptism.
I myself was baptized as an infant by a priest in the RCC. My father was a practicing Catholic and my mother, not particularly religious, went along with it. Many years later they both came to true faith (praise the Lord). When I too came to the Christian faith (and Reformed) I was re-baptized into membership in the church. Accordingly, I consider it my only true baptism.