Hapax Legomenon - Looking for Word Lists

Topics related to Biblical languages.

Hapax Legomenon - Looking for Word Lists

Ask Mr. Religion
Site Founder
Joined: July 28th, 2008, 9:13 am

August 26th, 2010, 4:23 am #1

The theological word of the day at our site today is hapax legomenon.

The TWOD entry reads:
  • [hap-aks luh-gawm-uh-nawn]

    (Greek hapax, once + Greek legein, to count or to say = once said)

    This is a word that only occurs once in a particular body of literature. With regards to the Scriptures, exegetes will often find a word that only appears one time. In the New Testament alone, there are 1,932 words that occur only once (USB). When this happens, it is often difficult to determine the exact meaning of the word because there are no other usages with which one can compare it.
This link provides an interesting chart of the distribution of New Testament words fitting this description:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hapax_legomenon

Note that Romans and 1 Corinthians contain the most single-occurrence words. The chart is based upon Grimm-Thayer's "Lexicon" and indicated the following numbers of hapax legomena: Rom. 113, I Cor. 110, II Cor. 99, Gal. 34, Eph. 43 Phil. 41, Col. 38, I Thess. 23, II Thess. 11, Philem. 5, I Tim. 82, II Tim. 53, Titus 33.

Src: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14727b.htm (This item is an interesting read, too!)

An OT list claiming about 1500 of these words is shown here:

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view. ... 8&letter=H

Does anyone know where a complete list of these words exists for the NT online? I don't have Accordance software (no longer use Apple's computers) to do a search on my own.

AMR
AMR (a.k.a. Patrick)
Do You Confess?
Faculty PRBS
My Randomata Blog
Quote
Like
Share

Ask Mr. Religion
Site Founder
Joined: July 28th, 2008, 9:13 am

August 28th, 2010, 8:28 pm #2

Anyone?

AMR
AMR (a.k.a. Patrick)
Do You Confess?
Faculty PRBS
My Randomata Blog
Quote
Like
Share

Presbyterian Deacon
Site Co-Owner
Joined: January 3rd, 2009, 1:43 pm

August 29th, 2010, 11:34 am #3

Ask Mr. Religion wrote:Anyone?

AMR
According to Wikipedia: "The Greek New Testament contains 686 hapax legomena..."

I can not find a complete list online. Bruce Metzger had them listed in one of his books, (as I recall)...I'll see if I can find it.
Sterling A. Harmon, Jr.
Ruling Elder, Presbyterian Church of Coventry (PCA)
Follow me on Twitter: @sterling_harmon

" 'Always uplifting...never discouraging.' -- Bah Humbug! It's not easy being a Puritan in a K-LOVE world!" -- Me
Quote
Like
Share

Decalogue
Leading Member
Decalogue
Leading Member
Joined: June 14th, 2009, 9:50 am

August 30th, 2010, 12:14 pm #4

Ask Mr. Religion wrote:Anyone?

AMR
:?: huummm? Not sure but you might try the software done by Brandon ( owner of the av1611 dot com website.) His product is called "Swordsearcher". Don't know if he has that on there , or not. { I'm guessing - not , as he seemed allergic to greek ...}

The other thing that comes to mind is the trusty time-tested Strong's Concordance - {the real one , not the fake one redone by kohlenberger-the NIV guy.} Look in the back at the greek or Hebrew Dictionary list at the word you are interested in and there should be a mention of where and how many times each word is used. If I recall correctly - ( and I could be incorrect) - Youngs Concordance may have had a list of the frequency of use of the words also.

Also - from my days working at the book stores --- I think that Logos and Ages brand software had the list which you are looking for,,, maybe...?
" The grass withereth, the flower fadeth, but the word of our God stands for ever! " Is. 40:8

http://www.prayerbookbaptist.com
Quote
Like
Share

Ask Mr. Religion
Site Founder
Joined: July 28th, 2008, 9:13 am

August 30th, 2010, 3:26 pm #5

Thanks for the suggestions, Dec.

I have actual Hebrew and Greek concordances (not Strong's Concordances, which are English to Greek), but teasing out all the single-occurrence words would be a problem as I would have to look at every page looking for them.

As far as I have been able to determine with my own copies, Logos nor WordSearch do not support a global search of Greek or Hebrew words in selected manuscripts by appearance, as does Accordance, which only runs on Mac computer.

Brandon's Swordsearcher software would allow counts for single occurrence English words in the KJV translation, but these are not necessarily Hebrew and Greek single-occurrence word forms. That said, Swordsearcher does have some very clever search features that other software vendors do not. ;)

AMR
AMR (a.k.a. Patrick)
Do You Confess?
Faculty PRBS
My Randomata Blog
Quote
Like
Share

elnwood
elnwood

December 10th, 2010, 8:36 am #6

I'm surprised I didn't see this sooner.

The Complete Vocabulary Guide to the Greek New Testament by Warren C. Trenchard has a list of all NT words by frequency, all the way down to the hapax legomena.
Quote
Share

Ask Mr. Religion
Site Founder
Joined: July 28th, 2008, 9:13 am

December 10th, 2010, 5:43 pm #7

elnwood:11824 wrote:I'm surprised I didn't see this sooner.

The Complete Vocabulary Guide to the Greek New Testament by Warren C. Trenchard has a list of all NT words by frequency, all the way down to the hapax legomena.
Thanks, elnwood!

I owned this book at one time, too. Loaned it to a fellow about three years ago who moved out of state.

Just ordered a replacement copy.

AMR
:tumble:
AMR (a.k.a. Patrick)
Do You Confess?
Faculty PRBS
My Randomata Blog
Quote
Like
Share

Ask Mr. Religion
Site Founder
Joined: July 28th, 2008, 9:13 am

December 11th, 2010, 8:27 pm #8

Ask Mr. Religion:11825 wrote:
elnwood:11824 wrote:I'm surprised I didn't see this sooner.

The Complete Vocabulary Guide to the Greek New Testament by Warren C. Trenchard has a list of all NT words by frequency, all the way down to the hapax legomena.
Thanks, elnwood!

I owned this book at one time, too. Loaned it to a fellow about three years ago who moved out of state.

Just ordered a replacement copy.

AMR
:tumble:
Got my replacement this morning. All is good. ;)

AMR
:tumble:
AMR (a.k.a. Patrick)
Do You Confess?
Faculty PRBS
My Randomata Blog
Quote
Like
Share