7 Spirits

Millennialism, preterism, dispensationalism, eternal damnation, the Eschaton.

7 Spirits

St_Worm2
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28 Oct 2017, 09:34 #1

Who is/are the "seven Spirits of God" .. Revelation 1:4, 3:1, 4:5, 5:6

Thanks!

--David
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30 Oct 2017, 05:34 #2

From God alone come grace and peace, so we cannot make this phrase refer to mere creatures. The phrase describes the Holy Spirit in sevenfold fullness.
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St_Worm2
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30 Oct 2017, 21:47 #3

Thanks Patrick! I'm in a conversation with a guy who believes the seven Spirits of God are seven "angels" (who represent God's interests) and that didn't seem correct to me. I believe he based his belief on the fact that "seven angels" are mentioned a number of times throughout the book of Revelation.

Now for my additional question, what does the Spirit's "sevenfold fullness" mean/refer to?

Thanks again!

--David
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02 Nov 2017, 05:07 #4

Matthew Henry:
"2. Whence this blessing is to come. In whose name does the apostle bless the churches? In the name of God, of the whole Trinity; for this is an act of adoration, and God only is the proper object of it; his ministers must bless the people in no name but his alone. And here, (1.) The Father is first named: God the Father, which may be taken either essentially, for God as God, or personally, for the first person in the ever-blessed Trinity, the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ; and he is described as the Jehovah who is, and who was, and who is to come, eternal, unchangeable, the same to the Old-Testament church which was, and to the New-Testament church which is, and who will be the same to the church triumphant which is to come. (2.) The Holy Spirit, called the seven spirits, not seven in number, nor in nature, but the infinite perfect Spirit of God, in whom there is a diversity of gifts and operations. He is before the throne; for, as God made, so he governs, all things by his Spirit. (3.) The Lord Jesus Christ. He mentions him after the Spirit, because he intended to enlarge more upon the person of Christ, as God manifested in the flesh, whom he had seen dwelling on earth before, and now saw again in a glorious form. Observe the particular account we have here of Christ, v. 5."

Even John Wesley gets it correct:
"From him who is, and who was, and who cometh, or, who is to come - A wonderful translation of the great name JEHOVAH: he was of old, he is now, he cometh; that is, will be for ever. And from the seven spirits which are before his throne - Christ is he who "hath the seven spirits of God." "The seven lamps which burn before the throne are the seven spirits of God." " The lamb hath seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God." Seven was a sacred number in the Jewish church: but it did not always imply a precise number. It sometimes is to be taken figuratively, to denote completeness or perfection. By these seven spirits, not seven created angels, but the Holy Ghost is to be understood. The angels are never termed spirits in this book; and when all the angels stand up, while the four living creatures and the four and twenty elders worship him that sitteth on the throne, and the Lamb, the seven spirits neither stand up nor worship. To these "seven spirits of God," the seven churches, to whom the Spirit speaks so many things, are subordinate; as are also their angels, yea, and "the seven angels which stand before God." He is called the seven spirits, not with regard to his essence, which is one, but with regard to his manifold operations."

Seven, a number signifying infinite perfection often in Scripture.
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27 Nov 2017, 02:24 #5

Yes, diversity of gifts and operations of the Holy Spirit, as found in the Matthew Henry quote. I take the use of seven to indicate the work of the Holy Spirit in His fullness and perfection.
For a useful cross reference see Isaiah 11:2 where some see the "seven Spirits" enumerated--
1.Spirit of the Lord
2.Spirit of Wisdom
3.Spirit of Understanding
4.Spirit of Counsel
5.Spirit of Might
6.Spirit of Knowledge
7.Spirit of the fear of the Lord
Sterling A. Harmon, Jr.
Ruling Elder, Presbyterian Church of Coventry (PCA)
Follow me on Twitter: @sterling_harmon

" 'Always uplifting...never discouraging.' -- Bah Humbug! It's not easy being a Puritan in a K-LOVE world!" -- Me
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27 Nov 2017, 15:54 #6

Nicely done, PD!
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