Rob I'm glad that you've found this topic to be engaging beyond the photos (and thanks for the kind words). You've got the right idea about moving forward with caution and the need to be armed with sound knowledge... I'll add to Jason's recommendation of the Arora books with two which I've come to lean heavily on more or less over the last 25 years:
The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mushrooms by Gary Lincoff is outstanding for its photography, succinct descriptions, and beautifully informative and well-detailed introductory information and appendices. One of the benchmark texts for our field of study and pursuit.
Also, Edible Wild Mushrooms of North America A Field-To-Kitchen Guide by Fischer and Bessette. This mycological duo is peerless in their understated but obvious enthusiasm for mycophagy, also providing exquisite photos, streamlined descriptions with keys to narrowing the focus on good edibles, a section on toxicology, numerous sidebars of entertaining and informative anecdotes and an extended species-specific recipe section. Very user-friendly while delivering the necessary goods in uncompromising but non-intimidating terms.
Jason, thanks for calling out the Jack-o-Lantern as a Chanterel look-alike, I was clearly splitting hairs within the family but your reference bears significant relevance for the more general readership. During the time I spent with the North American Mycological Association there were annual reports of the nation-wide poisonings which had occurred, and it seemed that every year 'Jack' had been mis-IDed as a Chanterel - resulting in unnecessary unfortunate outcomes. I always welcome your input, and can only dream of an opportunity for either of us (or any others) to capture an original image of these mushrooms in their green bioluminescence - this has long been an elusive personal goal.
It's funny, many may sense that toxic mushrooms may advertise their danger through a bitter or nasty flavor, if not some warning-oriented color or weird formation. However I know of a celebrated anthropologist who had survived Amanita poisoning. After we discussed how abysmal the experience had been and his good fortune in recovery, when I asked him how it tasted, he said 'Great'! Thus, there is no substitute for clean science and strict discipline in this pursuit.
The current state of folklore appears to be related more toward a mythology of entertaining stories than long and healthy life. Long ago more facts must have been intact in such vital information but gradually increasing separation from practical knowledge and its eclipsing by industrial food processing media has apparently enabled a great forgetting of fine points and essential details. When I was a boy during the early '60s I'd watch my maternal grandmother (who was raised as a shepherdess in the southeastern peninsula of Italy) gathering wild plants from the yard, which to her carried food value - our sense of 'food' was mutually foreign even with its overlapping species and products. Only decades later was I capable of catching up to this universal heritage and enjoying its layered benefits.