Having different chromosomes does not constitute a racial difference. All the groups mentioned are Caucasian from Western Europe. What constitutes a racial difference?
"Mark Shriver and Rick Kittles recently remarked":
"For many customers of lineage-based tests, there is a lack of understanding that their maternal and paternal lineages do not necessarily represent their entire genetic make-up. For example, an individual might have more than 85% Western European 'genomic' ancestry but still have a West African mtDNA or NRY lineage."
The following links provide useful information on this topic:
Cultural and linguistic differences are most often more than enough for humans to pick a fight with their neigbours. The English used a strategy of the targeting of non combatant relatives of combatants, blockade and starvation against the Welsh during the Welsh uprising under Owain Glyndŵr.
The use of concentration camps did not occur in Ireland and Wales, however targeting of non combatants and scorched earth policies were common duing the middle ages and later....indicating a long history of the use of these strategies by the English among others.
Links about atrocities committed during Irish rebellions including reference to scorched earth policies:
Domhnach na Fola(1972):
Kitchener was not Irish at all. His family was English:
Frederick Roberts was Anglo Irish (Family from Waterford) and it is Roberts who issued the orders establishing the concentration camps as well as Roberts who issued the orders for Boer non combatant relatives of Boer combatants in the field to be placed on starvation rations.
The forced removal of non combatants from their land, looting of private property, widespread destruction of private property, selective poisoning, witholding of appropriate medical care, starvation of non - combatants, commission of various crimes against non - combatants and the use of mock executions are war crimes. The death rate of Boer civilians in British (author edited out the word 'English' and substituted the word 'British') concentration camps was 34.4%....hardly something which one could attribute to the alledged sanitary habits of the inmates. See Link:
In my experience most archeologists lack any practical knowledge of the crafting of and use of the artifacts that they interpret, including but not limited to bows. Archeological blunders are not limited to bow use. Note the 'baton de commandement' classified as a baton or symbol of authority but now shown to be a form of spear thrower. I gain the impression that at least some archeologists do not want any input from 'amateur' archeologists and replicators, prefering to protect themselves against criticism and preventing their theories and interpretations from being put to the test in scientific experiments. I hope the information helps folks on paleoplanet.