by Robson Valley
09 Dec 2017, 23:32
Forum: Forge & Foundry
Topic: Casting Bronze arrow head.
Replies: 4
Views: 77

Re: Casting Bronze arrow head.

Might the original molding material be fine clay and not sand for objects so small?
A small shaped piece of wood which would burn away in the casting process 
but last long enough for the arrow shaft tunnel?
by Robson Valley
08 Dec 2017, 04:23
Forum: Woodworking - Hand Tools
Topic: more with local black walnut
Replies: 4
Views: 117

Re: more with local black walnut

I've carved both spoons and forks in a variety of woods.  I have used spruce, pine, western red cedar, yellow cedar and lots of birch.  None impart any flavor at all to foods.If  anything, I might notice the oven baked oil finish but that's it. I have not found good enough pieces of any fruit wood (...
by Robson Valley
05 Dec 2017, 17:17
Forum: General Primitive Skills Discussion
Topic: Decidedly off topic
Replies: 663
Views: 8.4K

Re: Decidedly off topic

That's it.  If I'm in the mood for "performance art," it works very well. Reasonably certain that there are several different sizes. I can tell in the top picture that they thinned the coffee so you can see the filter screen part. I have a couple of the older Melita funnel/filter units.  They went i...
by Robson Valley
05 Dec 2017, 06:07
Forum: General Primitive Skills Discussion
Topic: Decidedly off topic
Replies: 663
Views: 8.4K

Re: Decidedly off topic

I have all that different kinds of coffee machinery in my cupboards and more. I was gifted a Lagostina coffee press.  I inherited a real hand-crank coffee bean grinder, the kind with the little wooden drawer which catches the grind? I can easily grind enough for 12+ oz coffee before the water boils....
by Robson Valley
04 Dec 2017, 19:37
Forum: Archaeology/Anthropology Forum
Topic: New Research On "Ice Free Corridor"
Replies: 78
Views: 2.2K

Re: New Research On

Dugout canoes don't use outboard motors.  Noisy hunters are vegans. I don't expect an ice bridge to cross the Skeena or the Fraser anywhere near or below the tidal surge. I'm certain that coastal resources are a little more consistently available that the salmon and trout runs of any interior river....
by Robson Valley
04 Dec 2017, 16:41
Forum: Archaeology/Anthropology Forum
Topic: New Research On "Ice Free Corridor"
Replies: 78
Views: 2.2K

Re: New Research On

FN varied in their use of boats, can't generalize even with the communities found in the interior of BC.  They did everything. The most recent cottonwood dugout canoe was made in Prince George just 2(?) years ago.  Lots of photographs of FN boating on the Fraser over the past century+.  A simple met...
by Robson Valley
04 Dec 2017, 02:47
Forum: Fire Making
Topic: Roddiger roll tinder
Replies: 9
Views: 163

Re: Roddiger roll tinder

Thank you for that.  I've never seen so much wood dust in my efforts! Commonly, either the drill tip polishes and I see no wood dust or I succeed in drilling a hole right through the hearth board. What do you recommend for drill tip diameter? Have a bow roughed out.  #1 had a pair of Ravens holding ...
by Robson Valley
04 Dec 2017, 02:37
Forum: Archaeology/Anthropology Forum
Topic: New Research On "Ice Free Corridor"
Replies: 78
Views: 2.2K

Re: New Research On

Is there mtDNA haplotype support?  
by Robson Valley
04 Dec 2017, 00:17
Forum: Edible/Useful Plants and Primitive Cooking
Topic: Biltong II
Replies: 13
Views: 252

Re: Biltong II

To me, "biltong" is a very thick jerky.  I had some once and others speak of it as thin steak.   I forget what the meat was that we used.  The spice mix was South African, meant for antelope. We did it outdoors but a kitchen oven with the door cracked open would be the same non-flame heat. It was ve...
by Robson Valley
04 Dec 2017, 00:01
Forum: Archaeology/Anthropology Forum
Topic: New Research On "Ice Free Corridor"
Replies: 78
Views: 2.2K

Re: New Research On

A thousand years in biology is considered to be from 31 to 45 generations of people, considering a 22 - 32 year gap between parents and offspring.  Some walked.  Some on Beringia elected to travel by boat.  Coastal communities must have engaged in fishing. I can't believe that boat-building need to ...
by Robson Valley
03 Dec 2017, 16:32
Forum: Archaeology/Anthropology Forum
Topic: New Research On "Ice Free Corridor"
Replies: 78
Views: 2.2K

Re: New Research On

If the Clovis didn't like boats, whose conclusion was that?  Some European? Haida use of seaworthy boats was not unique, all up and down the coast. The "war canoe" label might be misplaced as well. Some day, the body of evidence will show that people moved south from Beringia by every means possible...
by Robson Valley
03 Dec 2017, 16:24
Forum: General Primitive Skills Discussion
Topic: Decidedly off topic
Replies: 663
Views: 8.4K

Re: Decidedly off topic

I used to shoot with some hand loading folks.  The shotgun people measured in terms of shells per hour in 5 gal pails. BUT everybody had a grain scale so they could check their powder measures for consistency. Pull the bullets in a box of 20 factory loads and the powder varied by 10%. Brownell's sel...
by Robson Valley
03 Dec 2017, 16:17
Forum: Hunt/Fish/Trap & Tracking Forum
Topic: Fishing for food
Replies: 13
Views: 471

Re: Fishing for food

Although it sounds counter-intuitive, the best way to improve sport fishing is to net the Hello out of the water body.  Cut the population down.  Short of explosives!  We have a Family Day here for fishing.  All catch limits apply.  No license needed. Any baits other than fish, any method (eg speari...
by Robson Valley
03 Dec 2017, 02:36
Forum: General Primitive Skills Discussion
Topic: Decidedly off topic
Replies: 663
Views: 8.4K

Re: Decidedly off topic

If you can build arrows, I can only imagine that you could build a fine scale which weighs in grains.  Think it over. There are some old tricks for the mechanics of fine scales. I did Hoisin/honey/garlic shrimp for myself.  The cat decided as an after thought to her usual shrimp dinner, that she nee...
by Robson Valley
02 Dec 2017, 22:56
Forum: General Primitive Skills Discussion
Topic: Decidedly off topic
Replies: 663
Views: 8.4K

Re: Decidedly off topic

Dark roasted coffee beans covered in dark/milk or white chocolate.  (Epicure Victoria, BC) Dried cranberries are not sour to me and they always whop the sugar into chocolate, anyway. I fine dice the dried tomato.  There will be basil mixed into the dough in the beginning. Slap the dough into a long ...
by Robson Valley
02 Dec 2017, 21:17
Forum: Archaeology/Anthropology Forum
Topic: New Research On "Ice Free Corridor"
Replies: 78
Views: 2.2K

Re: New Research On

I see changing camps in this day and time now.  First Nations do move down into the Fraser River canyon for the salmon runs.  Same out west on the Skeena. Mt Edziza isn't unique for obsidian. What I like to see are the trade maps based on mineral impurities in flints and volcanic glasses. North Amer...
by Robson Valley
02 Dec 2017, 18:47
Forum: General Primitive Skills Discussion
Topic: Decidedly off topic
Replies: 663
Views: 8.4K

Re: Decidedly off topic

I put top quality cocoa powder in coffee.  Practically no taste difference at all. I forgot why I was doing that so I quit. I've had choc-coated coffee beans, they really are a taste treat. The cranberry version is easier to chew. This morning was a cup of cold coffee from last evening. Must do that...
by Robson Valley
02 Dec 2017, 18:39
Forum: Archaeology/Anthropology Forum
Topic: New Research On "Ice Free Corridor"
Replies: 78
Views: 2.2K

Re: New Research On

Might showcase the adaptive versatility of our species. One example can't reflect what everyone did. None of these excursions could have been done with any speed at all. Many generations of time seems more likely. Summer camps and winter camps had to be the norm = follow the food for harvest. Haida ...
by Robson Valley
02 Dec 2017, 17:21
Forum: Archaeology/Anthropology Forum
Topic: New Research On "Ice Free Corridor"
Replies: 78
Views: 2.2K

Re: New Research On

Carve yourself a kudlik.  Biggest that I've seen was nearly 36" in length. Cooking over smaller ones in hide tents freed them from any dependence on wood. Of course, resource exploration was as extensive as it was intensive. They all survived as they understood that nothing could be ignored. They ha...
by Robson Valley
02 Dec 2017, 17:12
Forum: General Primitive Skills Discussion
Topic: Decidedly off topic
Replies: 663
Views: 8.4K

Re: Decidedly off topic

My taste buds are lying to me = the coffee this morning tastes like there's chocolate in it. Last night's left overs made a pig-out of a dinner.  Home-canned pears for dessert. I pay a flat rate per month "snow insurance" to my gardener-guy:  If it snows, you shovel. He was over just once in Novembe...