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Recent studies on Austronesian Y-chromosomes

ren
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ren
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Joined: January 2nd, 2005, 3:35 am

March 10th, 2010, 11:55 am #1

Genetic Admixture History of Eastern Indonesia as Revealed by Y-Chromosome and Mitochondrial DNA Analysis

A Polynesian Motif on the Y Chromosome: Population Structure in Remote Oceania

Melanesian and Asian Origins of Polynesians: mtDNA and Y-chromosome Gradients Across the Pacific

2010-3-18
Male dominance rarely skews the frequency distribution of Y chromosome haplotypes in human populations
http://www.pnas.org/content/105/33/11645.full
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black man
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black man
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Joined: July 11th, 2005, 8:13 pm

October 1st, 2010, 12:38 pm #2

http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2010/09/y- ... s-and.html

addendum:

I just added some numbers for possible discussions. Feel free to check and, if necessary, correct these numbers. Apart from that, I'd like to point to the following populations in particular:

1) inhabitants of Sulawesi: did they preserve kind of "ancient eastern Austronesian" y hg diversity? Or did they get contributions from western Austronesian populations?

2) northern Borneans (e.g., representatives of Kota Kinabalu): are they genetically intermediate between Filipinos and Chamic Austronesians?

3) Austronesians of Vietnam and Hainan: which are their most recent origins? Philippines, Taiwan or eastern Indonesia?


Most wide-spread East Eurasian y hg markers only in Austronesian populations and those neighbouring them:

Polynesians (Kayser et al. 2006):
- M119: 9
- M122+, M134-: 107
- M95: 4

Melanesians (Kayser et al. 2006):
- M119: 16
- M122+, M134-: 19

Taiwan:
tribal distribution map: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Formo ... ion_en.png

Ami (central Taiwan) (Capelli 2001):
- M119: 23
- M122: 35
- M95: 3

Ami (central Taiwan) (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 17
- M122+, M134-: 2
- M95: 6

Atayal (northern Taiwan) (Capelli 2001):
- M119: 49
- M122: 1

Atayal (northern Taiwan) (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 21
- M122+, M134-: 1

Bunun (central Taiwan) (Capelli 2001):
- M119: 37
- M122: 1
- M95: 12

Bunun (central Taiwan) (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 13
- M122+, M134-: 3

Makatao (southern Taiwan)
- M119: 26
- M95: 2

Paiwan (southern Taiwan) (Capelli 2001):
- mostly M119 (more than 90% of 53 men)

Paiwan (southern Taiwan) (Li Hui 2008):
- mostly M119 (more than 90% of 22 men)

Pazeh (central Taiwan) (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 12
- M122: 3
- M95: 3

Puyuma (southern Taiwan, to the north of the Paiwan) (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 9
- M122+, M134-: 1

Rukai (southern Taiwan, to the north of the Paiwan) (Li Hui 2008):
- exclusively M119 in 11 men

Saisiyat (northern Taiwan) (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 6
- M122+, M134-: 3
- M95: 2

Thao (central Taiwan) (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 19
- M122+, M134-: 2

Tsou (central Taiwan) (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 17
- M122+, M134-: 1

Philippines:

Batanes Ivatan (Delfin 2010):
- exclusively M119 in 35 men

Luzon (Hurles 2005):
- M119: 10
- M122+, M134-: 14

Luzon Aeta Bataan (Delfin 2010):
- twice M119

Luzon Agta (Delfin 2010):
- M119: 11
- M122+, M134-: 8 (five times M7)
- M95: 1

Luzon Bugkalot (Delfin 2010):
- exclusively M119 in 17 men

Luzon Kalangoya (Delfin 2010):
- M119: 8
- M122, M7: 4

Mindanao Mamanwa (Delfin 2010):
- M119: 23
- M122+, M134-: 23
- M95: 1

Mindanao Manobo (Delfin 2010):
- M119: 31
- M122+, M134-: 8
- M95: 3

Mindanao Maranao (Delfin 2010):
- M119: 2
- M122+, M134-: 3

Mindanao Surigaonon (Delfin 2010):
- M119: 13
- M122+, M134-: 10

Mindoro Hanunuo (Delfin 2010):
- M119: 4
- M122+, M134-: 1

Mindoro Iraya (Delfin 2010):
- M122+, M134-: 10
- M95: 2

Mindoro Tadyawan (Delfin 2010):
- exclusively M119 in 14 men

Mindoro Tawbuid (Delfin 2010):
- M119: 11
- M122+, M134-: 2

Negros: Ati (Delfin 2010):
- M119: 15
- M122+, M134-: 7 (5 times M7)

Palawan Batak (Scholes 2011):
- M119: 11
- M122+, M134-: 9

Palawan: 13 individuals from a sample of 16 Tagbanua, 2 Cuyonin and 2 Cagayanin pooled (Scholes 2011):
- M119: 4
- M122+, M134-: 6 (twice M7)

eastern Indonesia:

Alor (Capelli 2001):
- M119: 3
- M122: 7
- M95: 1

Alor (Li Hui 2008):
- M122+, M134-: 3 of 13 men

Flores (Karafet 2010):
- M119: 38
- M122: 18
- M95: 18

Maluku Islands (Karafet et al. 2010):
- M119: 2
- M122+, M134-: 3

Maluku Islands (Kayser et al. 2006):
- M119: 2
- M122+, M134-: 4

Nusa Tenggera (Kayser et al. 2006):
- M119: 7
- M122+, M134-: 1

Nusa Tenggera Lembata (Karafet 2010):
- M119: thrice

Nusa Tenggera Lombok Mataram (frequencies messed up in the Capelli et al. 2001, maybe partly confused with numbers):
- M119: 17
- M122: 1
- M95: 4

Nusa Tenggera Lombok Sasak (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 1
- M122+, M134-: 3
- M95: 3

Nusa Tenggera Sumba (Karafet 2010):
- M119: 44
- M122+, M134-: 10
- M95: 1

Nusa Tenggera Sumba (Li Hui 2008):
- M122+, M134-: 1 of 14 men

Nusa Tenggera Sumbawa (Li Hui 2008):
- M122+, M134-: 15 of 18 men

Sulawesi Bugi (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 5
- M122+, M134-: 4

Sulawesi Kaili (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 3
- M122+, M134-: 4
- M95: 1

Sulawesi Mandar (Karafet 2010):
- M119: 11
- M122+, M134-: 9
- M95: 7

Sulawesi Makassar (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 5
- M122+, M134-: 3
- M95: 1

Sulawesi Minahasa (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 3
- M122+, M134-: 2
- M95: 1

Sulawesi: Palu (Capelli et al. 2001):
- M119: 6
- M122: 13
- M95: 5

Sulawesi: Toraja (Capelli et al. 2001):
- M119: 20
- M122: 8
- M95: 8

Sulawesi Toraja (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 3
- M122+, M134-: 1 (M7)
- M95: 5

western Indonesia and Malaysia:

Balinese (Karafet 2005):
- M119: 100
- M122+, M134-: 37
- M95: 323

Borneans (Kayser 2006):
- M119: 6
- M122+, M134-: 6
- M95: 15

Borneans from Banjarmasin (Capelli 2001):
- M119: 4
- M122: 5
- M95: 9

Bornean Banjar (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 4
- M122: 4
- M95: 4

Borneans from Banjarmasin (Hurles 2005):
- M119: 5
- M122+, M134-: 1
- M95: 8

Borneo: "Dayak" of Kalimantan Tengah (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 6
- M122+, M134-: 2
- M95: 2

Borneans from Kota Kinabalu (Capelli et al. 2001):
- M119: 18
- M122: 13
- M95: 8

Borneans from Kota Kinabalu (Hurles 2005)
- M119: 19
- M122+, M134-: 11
- M95: 16

Javanese (Kayser 2006)
- M119: 12
- M122+, M134-: 11
- M95: 22

Javanese from Jawa Tengah (central Java) (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 3
- M122+, M134-: 2
- M95: 2

Java: Tenggerese (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 4
- M95: 4

Malaysians (Karafet 2010)
- M119: 2
- M122+, M134-: 8 (four times M7)
- M95: 11

Malaysians (Kayser 2006)
- M119: 2
- M122+, M134-: 3
- M95: 5

Sumatrans (Kayser 2006)
- M119: 10
- M122+, M134-: 16
- M95: 8

Sumatrans from Pekanbaru (Capelli 2001):
- M119: 15
- M122: 9
- M95: 10

Sumatra: Bangka (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 4
- M122+, M134-: 3
- M95: 3

Sumatran Batak (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 3
- M122+, M134-: 3
- M95: 2

Sumatran Malays of Riau (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 5
- M122+, M134-: 3
- M95: 1

Sumatra Mentawai (Karafet 2010):
- exclusively M119 (n=74)

Sumatran Minangkabau (Li Hui 2008):
- M122+, M134-: 3
- M95: 2

Sumatra Nias (Gomo plus Hilitobara) (Karafet 2010):
- M119: exclusively (n=60)

Sumatra Palembang (Li Hui 2008):
- M119: 7
- M122+, M134-: 1
- M95: 2

Sumatrans from Toba (Batak from Lake Toba?) (Karafet 2010):
- M119: 5
- M122+, M134-: 21
- M95: 6

Vietnam and Hainan:

Hainan Tsat (Li Hui 2008)
- M119: 18
- M95: 1

Vietnamese Cham (Li Hui 2008)
- M119: in more than 90% of 11 men
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