Piccadilly Line Trains 311 / 331: In depth analysis
There are now a significant number of conflicting reports, discrepancies and questions about what happened on the Piccadilly Line on July 7th. The main questions are as follows:
1. Which train(s) were affected?
2. What time did the blast(s) occur?
3. Where on the train(s) did the blast(s) occur?
4. How far did the train(s) get from from King's Cross?
THE STORY SO FAR....
PICCADILLY LINE TRAIN NUMBERS
On July 9th, Transport For London reported the following blast timings and locations:
Note the number of the Piccadilly Line train, 311. This was later changed to Piccadilly Line train 331, and this change was confirmed by Transport For London's customer services by an independent researcher:Explosions were as follows (in succession):
* Circle line train number 204 heading eastbound from Liverpool Street station to Aldgate station.
* Circle line train number 216 travelling westbound heading from Edgware Road station to Paddington station.
* Piccadilly line train number 311 travelling from King's Cross St Pancras to Russell Square southbound.
Source: Transport For London
The notion is that Transport for London made a mistake when they originally reported that Piccadilly Line train 311 was involved in the events of July 7th. TFL corrected the original 311 announcement and stated that it was Piccadilly Line train 331 on which the carnage occurred. Then, the story of the driver of train 311 and his T/Op passenger on July 7th appears on a July 7th related blog.19/Nov/2005
Thank you for your email dated 5 November.
I can confirm that the Piccadilly train involved on 7 July was the westbound train no 331. The initial reports that we received immediately at the time were incorrect and we updated our records accordingly as soon as we were advised.
Thank you for taking the time to contact us. Please let me know if you have any further queries or if you need any help in the future.
Customer Service Centre
The T/Op passenger in the cab of the affected train, Ray Wright, wrote:
There are other underground worker stories that confirm the Piccadilly Line train number as 311, including that of the Duty Manager at Russell Square tube station that morning, Gary Stevens:Not wishing to denigrate any of the actions of police on the day, not ONE WORD has been said about the driver of Train 311, Tom Nairn. I joined Tom's train at Kings Cross, travelling in the cab with him on my way to work as a fellow driver, based at Acton Town. I took the first couple of batches of walking wounded to Russell Square and was probably the first member of staff to meet any colleague at the station.
Tom stayed behind in the first car, doing what we as drivers are paid to do, looking after his train and his passengers on it. He helped some by applying tourniquets and reassuring others. He saw things that even trained police officers found themselves unable to cope with, but most importantly had to face it on his own before help arrived probably 40 minutes later, a scene of utter devastation in almost total darkness. He has never been mentioned or praised, he has remained dignified and quiet, and has never returned to drive a train.
Recently he applied for some compensation through his union. The response from the Met Police was "We have no knowledge of this person having been involved in this incident and therefore will not be processing his claim further."
Rather odd because Tom and I were interviewed by police for around three hours after the incident. The press coverage of the other 'heroes' has left him feeling completely empty and devalued. Pity when the reaction of Police and certain members of station staff are lauded he has been completely forgotten.
Acton Town Depot
Source: Blogger Comment
One would expect that train drivers and station Duty Managers would know the trains they are driving or have passing through their stations, especially as - as confirmed by Clive D.W. Feather - the train numbers are used as radio call signs. (Source)GARY STEVENS, DUTY MANAGER AT RUSSELL SQUARE TUBE STATION
I was meant to start work at 0900 that morning. I woke up early, I couldn't sleep, so I decided to start work early. If I'd have gone in at the normal time I'd have been on the affected train, train 3/11, and I would have been in the first car. I use that carriage every day to exit the station...
I was in my office at work, and at 0854 all the lights flickered in the office... we went down to the platform, couldn't see anything at all, when we noticed there was a light in the tunnel.
We hung on to see what it was and it was the driver of train 3/11 with about 30 or 40 injured customers, who had managed to get out and he led them down the tunnel. Some of them had quite serious head injuries, clothes blown off, things like that...
Source: BBC News
It would seem then that Gary Stevens did not see train driver Tom Nairn, or the driver of train 331, but instead Ray Wright, a train operator who travelled in the cab of train 311 with driver Tom Nairn. Ray Wright initially handled the task of leading passengers to a station while driver Tom Nairn stayed with his train to assist the survivors and injured.
This leaves us with a train driver, his Train Operator passenger in the cab that morning and the Duty Manager at Russell Square all telling us that the train in question was train 311.
This fact was once again checked by an independent public researcher to ensure that TFL were aware of the discrepancy between the two train numbers. Transport for London wrote back:
The driver of train 311 spent 40 minutes in almost total darkness dealing with the injured on his train, yet the Metropolitan Police had "no record of this individual being involved in this incident."On Tue, 2006-01-17 at 19:16 +0000, Customer Services wrote:
Our ref: 1084546
Thanks for your further email.
As stated in my previous email, the Piccadilly train involved on 7 July was
the westbound train no 331. The initial reports that we received
immediately at the time were incorrect and have now been subsequently
Thank you for taking the time to contact us. Please get in touch if I can be
of any further help.
Customer Service Centre
WHERE WAS/WERE THE EXPLOSION(S)?
Transport for London have now twice confirmed that train 311 was erroneously reported and that train 331 was the train involved on July 7th and the BBC report Piccadilly Line explosions in two different locations:
BBC Source 1:
BBC Source 2:0850
The explosion was on Piccadilly line train number 311 travelling south from King's Cross station to Russell Square. The device was in the first carriage by the first set of double doors where passengers stand.
Twenty-six people died in the blast. Recovery teams took many days to extract all the bodies from the damaged carriages.
The Piccadilly line is 21.3 metres (70 feet) deep at this point. Recovery teams faced intense heat of up to 60C, dust, fumes, vermin, asbestos and there were initial concerns that the tunnel might collapse.
BBC News reporter Jacqui Head, who was on the train, told of a "massive bang" and added: "There was immediately smoke everywhere and it was very hot and everybody panicked. People started screaming and crying."
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/u ... ell_sq.stm
"The device was in the first carriage by the first set of double doors where passengers stand" and "The device was next to the rear set of double doors in the front carriage of the train". One of two locations on one of two trains based on the presence of trains 311/331."At 0850 BST a bomb exploded on Piccadilly line train number 311 travelling south from King's Cross station to Russell Square.
The device was next to the rear set of double doors in the front carriage of the train. Twenty-six people, plus the bomber, were killed.
On board the train was BBC News reporter Jacqui Head, who described the immediate aftermath: "There was immediately smoke everywhere and it was very hot and everybody panicked. People started screaming and crying."
After emergency services arrived and survivors were led to safety, recovery teams and investigators began work.
The Piccadilly line is 21.3 metres (70 feet) below ground at this point. Intense heat of up to 60C, dust, fumes, vermin, asbestos and initial concerns the tunnel might collapse delayed the extraction of bodies and the forensic operation.
The bomber was later named as Germaine Lindsay, aged 19."
Source: BBC News
PICCADILLY LINE CARRIAGE NUMBERS
The Piccadilly Line train, as Clive Feather advised and as was posted here by Prole, consisted of the following vehicles: 166-566-366-417-617-217, and the first carriage of that train - the carriage that was bombed - was car 166.
In an article about the first firefighters that arrived on the scene of the Piccadilly Line incident at 10:00am (?!), Blue Watch relive the bomb hell inside carriage 346A, carriage 346A is referred to eleven times, if you include the title of the article.
Carriage 346A does not feature in Clive Feather's train line-up.
Jacqui Head, a survivor from the Piccadilly Line incident describes what happened after the initial panic:
With the combination of Clive Feather's train construction, the Observer article about the hell inside carriage 346A and Jacqui Head's quote about a train rolling up behind them as the carriage once again filled up with smoke, do we perhaps have indication of quite how carriage 346A became attached to a Piccadilly Line train construction into which carriage 346A was not built? Or, what was it that is now referred to as 346A?But then it sounded like another train had come up behind us and the carriage filled with smoke again and people became really, really frightened.