Other Events on July 7th

"We need an official inquiry - now. Not a whitewash inquiry like Lord Hutton's. Or a punch-pulling inquiry like Lord Butler's. But an inquiry run by plain Mr or Mrs somebody." - Lt. Col. Crispin Black
An independent, public discussion, analysis and inquiry into the events of July 7th.

Other Events on July 7th

Joined: Nov 25 2005, 11:41 AM

Jan 24 2006, 01:33 AM #1

Upon further investigation, rather a lot of less widely reported things were going on in London on July 7th. Perhaps the most famous of these is the Peter Power and Visor Consultants 1,000 man anti-terrorist drill rehearsing bombs going off in precisely the same stations they did that morning, Giuliani was in London, Netanyahu was in London, etc, etc. Police had been shipped up to G8 and London ambulance staff had been sent to a conference in Bermondsey.

What else was going on that day?
At Millwall FC's Den stadium in Zampa Road, Bermondsey, a conference for London Ambulance staff was cancelled to let paramedics get to the scene of the carnage.

A spokesman for Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Trust said: "We instigated the trust's major incident plan just after 9am following the explosions.

"So far we have received eight patients, some of which are critically injured and a number of walking wounded.

"We are also freeing up beds to ensure we are prepared for further casualties."

Buses were later sent out from Catford garage to help ferry stranded commuters out of central London.

Source: ICSouth London
Also DEFRA were running the Flood and Coastal Management Conference at the University of York from the 5th-7th July.
Flood and Coastal Management Conference
The annual Defra River and Coastal Engineering Conference was first held in the wake of the 1953 floods as a means of encouraging information exchange on technical matters between the Department and the then Catchment Boards.

Since then the conference has been extended to cover a broader range of interests centred on the management of river and coastal flood risks and coastal erosion, including new techniques, example of best practice and the outputs of the Defra / Environment Agency Joint Research and Development Programme.

It now regularly attracts over 400 delegates and exhibitors from across the sector including representatives from local and central government, flood and coastal defence operating authorities, consultancies, industry, environmental charities and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs).

Source: DEFRA
There was also a conference in London for the National Primary Care Development Team which was postponed on the day owing to the blasts and reconvened on September 9th:
PCT Commissioning
Integrating new agendas and directions
7th July 2005, London

This one-day conference will provide all those involved in commissioning with the necessary learning, professional development and networking to effectively integrate and deliver the modern healthcare agenda. You will be able to share best practice by hearing numerous case studies from those leading on the implementation of new policy.

Speakers include:
Dr Mo Dewji, Clinical Director for Primary Care Contracting, National Primary Care Development Team
Julie Taylor, Programme Director for System Reform, Department of Health
Simon Kirk, Chief Executive, Hambleton and Richmondshire PCT
For more information and to book your place please tel: 020 7505 6044, email: hsjconferences@emap.com, or visit www.hsj-pctcommissioning.co.uk

------------

September 2005 
PCT Commissioning
Integrating new agendas and directions
9th September 2005, Cavendish Conference Centre, London W1


Following the events of the 7th of July, Health Service Journal curtailed this conference early in the day, the event will now take place on 9th September. The one-day conference will provide those involved in commissioning with relevant learning, professional development and networking to help effectively integrate and deliver the modern healthcare agenda.

Speakers confirmed include:
Dr Mo Dewji, Clinical Director Primary Care Contracting, National Primary Care Development Team
Michael Sobjana, Chief Executive, NHS Alliance
Julie Taylor, Director of System Reform, Department of Heath

All delegates originally booked to attend are invited to attend at no extra cost!* Other booking rates available at www.hsj-pctcommissioning.co.uk.

For further information and to register contact 0845 056 8299 or email hsjconferences@emap.com. Visit www.hsj-pctcommissioning.co.uk for the latest programme. 0845 056 8299

*Please note this offer only applies to delegates who previously booked a place at the PCT Commissioning conference on 7th July 2005.

Source: National Primary Care Develpment Team
And, of course, there was the annual Local Government Authority Annual Conference and Exhibition, sponsored by Land Securities at the Harrogate International Centre, 5–8 July 2005, at which a certain Mr Rudolph Giuliani who was warmly welcomed by the LGA chairman
LGA annual conference and exhibition
Harrogate International Centre 5–8 July 2005
IMPROVING LIFE IN LOCAL COMMUNITIES

Chairman’s Welcome


Welcome back to Harrogate and to the local government event of the year. Our ninth annual conference promises to be an exciting, stimulating and challenging few days, with events, presentations and discussions focusing on our theme, improving lifein local communities.

We are delighted to welcome the former Mayor of New York Rudolph Giuliani to Harrogate to share with us his experiences of leadership.

Cllr Sir Sandy Bruce-Lockhart OBE
Chairman
Local Government Association


Speaker Profile: Rudolph W Giuliani, former Mayor of New York

Upon graduation from New York University Law School in 1968, Rudy Giuliani clerked for United States district judge Lloyd MacMahon. In 1970, he joined the office of the US attorney and rose to serve as executive US attorney.

In 1975, Giuliani was recruited to Washington, DC, as associate deputy attorney general and chief of staff to the deputy attorney general. In 1981, Giuliani was named associate attorney general and then in 1983, was appointed US Attorney for the Southern District of New York, where he spearheaded efforts against drug dealers, organised crime, government corruption, and white-collar criminals. In 1993 he was elected the 107th Mayor of the City of New York and re-elected in 1997 by a wide margin. Under his leadership, overall crime fell 65 per cent, murder was
reduced by 70 per cent. On September 11, 2001, America suffered the worst terrorist attack in its history.

Mayor Giuliani immediately began leading the recovery of the city, working tirelessly to restore the city and the morale of its residents. He was named Person of the Year by Time magazine and was knighted by the Queen. Limited to two terms as mayor, Rudy Giuliani founded Giuliani Partners in 2002, and remains active in public life. His book, Leadership, published in 2002, became an immediate bestseller.

Source: Local Government Authority Handbook
Rudy spoke on July 6th before heading back to London in time to appear on Thursday morning news reports drawing analogies between London 7/7 and New York 9/11 which happened under his watch.

Benjamin Netanyahu was also in town and is reported to have been warned in advance of something untoward about to occur in London. Netanyahu was in London in July for a conference on July 7th organised by the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange in conjunction with the Israeli Embassy in London and, wait for it, Deutsche Bank:
20-June-2005
Israel Opportunity 2005 Conference for International Investors in London

Tel-Aviv, Monday, June 20 - The TASE’s annual conference for investment managers at international funds that invest in Israel will be held in London this year, in July 7, 2005. This is the fourth time the TASE has held the annual event in London, as part of its activity aimed at encouraging foreign investments in Israel. This year’s conference will be held in collaboration with the Israeli embassy in London and Deutsche Bank.

Keynote speakers at the conference are Mr. Benjamin Netanyahu, Minister of Finance, and Mr. Moshe Tery, Chairman of the Israel Securities Authority. CEOs of the large listed companies Teva, Bank Leumi, Israel Corporation, Discount Investment, Delek Group, El-Al, Africa-Israel Investments and Makhteshim Agan will present their companies’ activity. In addition, the Exchange-Traded Funds will be presented, for the first time, by Clal Finance and KSM Financial Instruments.

Ronit Harel Ben-Ze’ev, Senior Vice President and Head of the Economic Department at the TASE, commented that the London conference is an important part of the TASE’s activity aimed at strengthening the ties of the TASE and the heads of leading listed companies with international investors: “Foreign investors’ activity in Israel has a great deal of influence on the TASE in particular and on the capital market in general. The increase in foreign investments in TASE stocks, from $480 million in 2004 to $1.4 billion in the first five months of 2005, is an expression of investors’ highly positive view of the Israeli economy.”

About The Tel-Aviv Stock Exchange

The Tel-Aviv Stock Exchange, founded in 1953, is owned by its 25 member firms and is regulated by the Israel Securities Authority. The TASE offers international investors a combination of attractive investment opportunities and a full complement of market services. The exchange trades shares, fixed-income instruments, and derivatives on a single, fully automated trading platform. Clearing and settlement of all trades are executed in-house, through the TASE's wholly owned clearing house, which also serves as Israel's central securities depository.

Contact:

Orna Goren
Marketing and Media Relations
The Tel-Aviv Stock Exchange
Phone: 972 - 3 - 567 - 7405
E-mail: info@tase.co.il

Source:  http://www.tase.co.il/html2/news/2005/20050620.htm
Then, on July 8th, ex-Met man and proponent of restoring the death penalty for working class criminals, spoke:
Speaker Profile: Lord John Stevens, ex-Commissioner, Metropolitan Police Service

Lord Stevens is widely recognised as the most successful Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police in modern times.  By the time he left the service in January 2005, officer numbers had passed 30,000, morale was high and crime figures had been substantially reduced. Added to this, Stevens garnered support and respect from all sections of the community, and created the world’s leading specialist force in anti-terrorism. 

Lord Stevens quickly progressed through the Met ranks, before moving to senior positions in Hampshire, Cambridgeshire and Northumbria – where after major restructuring he achieved a 46 per cent reduction in overall crime over four years. He then became HM Inspector of Constabulary, before returning to the Met.

After five years at the Metropolitan Police Service, robbery offences were down by 16 per cent, complaints had fallen by 58 per cent, the detection rate was up 36 per cent and the number of officers from minority ethnic groups had doubled. The Met has become an ‘employer of choice’.
It seems Network Rail were busy 'in a meeting' on July 7th:
Transport Articles :: Public Finance, July 15 2005
Ready for anything: a capital response


"The rapid response was helped by good luck too. At the time the bombs went off, a meeting was taking place of paramedics and others involved in emergency plans and they were quickly despatched to the various sites. Speed is crucial in trauma cases, with the treatment in the first 15 minutes often determining life or death. There was also at the time a meeting of senior Network Rail staff in the Russell Hotel, yards from the Tavistock Square and Russell Square tube station, and, donning their emergency jackets, they were quickly able to help out at the two nearby scenes of bombings, King’s Cross and Tavistock Square."

Source: Christian Wolmar
So, Blair, Bush and all the G8 crews were in Scotland, Ken Livingstone was in Singapore with the Olympic Bid team, London-based police officers had been shipped up to G8, Rudolph W. Giuliani was in town, Netanyahu was in town for a meeting and was apparently warned prior to the attacks, and public transport and emergency staff were either in pre-arranged conferences and meetings. In the midst of all this, six explosions attributed to power surges occur on the underground (later revised to three explosions caused by suicide bombers) and a diverted number 30 bus explodes.There was plenty more going on that morning, info and links to follow....
"The problem with always being a conformist is that when you try to change the system from within, it's not you who changes the system; it's the system that will eventually change you." -- Immortal Technique

"The media is the most powerful entity on earth. They have the power to make the innocent guilty and to make the guilty innocent, and that's power. Because they control the minds of the masses." -- Malcolm X

"The eternal fight is not many battles fought on one level, but one great battle fought on many different levels." -- The Antagonist

"Truth does not fear investigation." -- Unknown
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Joined: Nov 25 2005, 11:41 AM

Feb 28 2006, 12:07 PM #2

Hold tight. Another 7/7/9/11 connection.

Another event on July 7th. Except, this time, on July 7th 2003. Involving Tessa Jowell and William Farish, planting white roses in a memorial garden in Grosvenor Square to commemorate the victims of 9/11. The planting of roses took place on July 7th 2003, well in advance of the official launch which, of course, took place on September 111th 2003.

Tessa Jowell and Ambassador William Farish planting white roses in the 9/11 memorial garden in Grosvenor Square on July 7, 2003

Tessa's running casinos and some July 7th related things and is in a bit of bother about taking backhanders from Berlusconi:
September 11 Memorial Garden

A permanent memorial garden to those who lost their lives in the United States on September 11, 2001 has been built by the British government in Grosvenor Square Garden, London, which is bordered on its west side by the U.S. Embassy. The memorial's official opening was on September 11, 2003.

Photo: Ambassador William Farish and Tessa Jowell planting white roses in the memorial garden in Grosvenor Square on July 7, 2003.

On Monday, July 7, 2003 Tessa Jowell, the U.K. Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, and Ambassador William Farish planted white roses in memory of those who lost their lives in the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States of America.

White roses have a special significance for the U.K. families of those who died on September 11. The white Bianca Rose formed part of HM The Queen's bouquet at the Westminster Abbey service, and each of the families laid one white rose outside the Abbey, in an Act of Remembrance for their loved ones.

At the first anniversary service at St. Paul's Cathedral, over 3000 white rose petals (one for each victim) cascaded from the Whispering Gallery to the Altar below. It is therefore fitting that white roses should form a significant part of the planting within the memorial garden.

The Department for Culture, Media and Sport issued a media Briefing Note on the July 7 event.

Source: usembassy.org.uk
The Briefing Note:
archive 2003



7 July 2003

Tessa Jowell And US Ambassador, William Farish Plant White Roses In Memory Of Those Who Lost Their Lives In The 11 September 2001 Terrorist Attacks On The United States of America

The September 11 Memorial Garden, Grosvenor Square, London

Press Briefing

Introduction

On 13 August 2002, Tessa Jowell, the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, announced that there would be a memorial garden in Grosvenor Square, London, dedicated to the memory of those who lost their lives in the United States of America in the terrorist attacks of Tuesday 11 September 2001.

Why a garden?

Many suggestions were made for the type of permanent memorial that would be appropriate for the victims of September 11.  The relatives of those who died felt strongly that a garden would provide somewhere tranquil where they could come and remember – especially important in these circumstances as the majority do not have a grave to visit.  Furthermore, it would symbolise new life and the opportunity to begin to look forward.

Why Grosvenor Square?

Grosvenor Square is one of London's finest garden squares and is home to the US embassy.  In addition, the United States has many significant historical associations with the square.  It has come to be known as the 'American Square', and housed General Eisenhower's headquarters during the Second World War.  Eisenhower is commemorated by a statue outside the US Embassy.  Within the square's boundary and on its northern edge is a memorial to President Roosevelt, and on its southern edge facing Roosevelt is a memorial to the Eagle Squadron pilots of World War Two.  After the events of September 11, many people gathered at the square because of its links with America and laid flowers and candles at the Roosevelt Memorial.  It was therefore felt that this was the most appropriate place for a memorial to the victims of the September 11 attacks.

How does it look?

An oak pergola frames the rear half of the garden, providing a shady seating area for visitors. At the centre of this sits a small pavilion.  On the front face of the pavilion are three bronze plaques listing the names of those from the United Kingdom, UK Overseas Territories and dual nationals who lost their lives.  Richard Kindersley, who was responsible for the inscriptions for the memorial gates on Constitution Hill in London and the memorial to the victims of Dunblane, has designed the plaques.

The paving is a sawn finish York stone.  This stone is warm in colour and is highly durable.  At the centre of the paved area, set into the ground, sits a stone plaque that forms a universal memorial to all those who lost their lives.    It bears the text of the poem "For Katrina's Sun-dial" by Henry Van Dyke that was read at the first memorial service at Westminster Abbey in November 2001 by Judi Dench, and again as part of the first anniversary memorial service at St. Paul's Cathedral by Sophie Brandt of the Red Cross.  Richard Kindersley has also designed it.  Preserved in resin and resting beneath this stone is a section of steel girder from World Trade Center One.

Two planting beds containing a mixture of shrubs and herbaceous plants frame the entrance to the garden.  Set out informally, the plants will provide scent and colour throughout the year, with a special focus on mid-September to mark the anniversary of the event.    The plants will have special significance – for example, they may be drawn from the species which were included within the Queen's bouquet and floral arrangements at the 29 November 2001 service at Westminster Abbey or the 1st anniversary service at St Paul's Cathedral; or they may originate from North America; or have a symbolic value, such as Rosemary (which symbolises remembrance).

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The White Rose

White Roses have a special significance for the UK families of those who died.  The white Bianca Rose formed part of HM The Queen's bouquet at the Westminster Abbey service, and it was this rose that each family laid, in an Act of Remembrance for their loved one, on the innocent victims memorial outside the Abbey.  At the St. Paul's first anniversary service over 3,000 white rose petals, one for each victim, cascaded from the Whispering Gallery to the Altar below.  It is therefore fitting that white roses should form a significant part of the planting within the memorial garden. 

What is the timetable?

Work on the garden is almost finished.    It will be completed in time for the official opening on September 11th 2003 – the second anniversary of the attacks.

The Opening Ceremony

Her Royal Highness, The Princess Royal has very kindly agreed to open the memorial garden on the afternoon of 11 September 2003.  On a recent visit to the United States Her Royal Highness presented a David Lindley wooden box containing seeds of flowers that would have featured in William III's Privy Garden and Henry VIII's Tudor Garden at Hampton Court Palace for the planned British Memorial Garden in New York. Her Royal Highness also visited The Lower Manhattan Development Corporation to look at the future plans for the Ground Zero site and the tributes left in the Relatives' Room.

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Support for the garden

The cost of developing the memorial garden is £1 million (GBP).  The many companies and individuals who have expressed an interest in contributing to the UK permanent memorial to the victims will meet this cost.  Many of these companies lost valued employees on September 11th and this memorial is one way of ensuring that they are not forgotten.  'The Royal Parks Foundation', a charitable trust, is handling the contributions and can be contacted via the company secretary Sara Lom, Company Secretary, Royal Parks Foundation, Old Police House, Hyde Park, London W2 2UH.  So far the Foundation has received contributions from Accenture, Avid Technology, Bloomberg, ICAP plc, JPMorgan, Morgan Stanley, Pfizer UK, PriceWaterhouseCoopers, Teradyne Inc, Mr Lee Amaitis & Mr Howard Lutnick and it expects to receive many more.

Michael Spencer, CEO of ICAP plc said  "ICAP is privileged to be involved in the development of the September 11 Memorial Garden.  Many of our colleagues were directly affected by the events of 11 September.  This garden will provide a tranquil and beautiful space in the heart of the "American Square" in which to remember."
 
Duncan Grant, Vice President at JPMorgan said  "JPMorgan are proud to be associated with this fitting tribute to all those who lost their lives in the tragic events of September 11th.  The Memorial Garden will be a quiet space in the heart of London to remember our friends and colleagues."

Olivier Brandicourt, Chairman of Pfizer UK said  "Our company's headquarters is in New York, and many of our employees were deeply affected by the tragedy of September 11.  Two of them lost their lives in the attacks and many others lost friends or loved ones.  The world must never forget what happened and it is only right that we should honour those who died in this way.  We are proud to be associated with the Memorial Garden and we hope that it will bring some comfort, however small, to the bereaved."

Major contributors will feature in a Limited Edition photographic "Commemorative Book" which is being produced to mark the garden's construction and completion.  It will be available, free of charge, to those families that lost loved ones, the businesses that contribute, the US Government (including the office of the President) and those that have been involved in the project.  As well as photographs by Gautier Deblonde and Howard Sooley, the book will feature messages from HRH The Prince of Wales, who has taken a keen interest in the garden's development, the US Ambassador, and the Prime Minister.
"The problem with always being a conformist is that when you try to change the system from within, it's not you who changes the system; it's the system that will eventually change you." -- Immortal Technique

"The media is the most powerful entity on earth. They have the power to make the innocent guilty and to make the guilty innocent, and that's power. Because they control the minds of the masses." -- Malcolm X

"The eternal fight is not many battles fought on one level, but one great battle fought on many different levels." -- The Antagonist

"Truth does not fear investigation." -- Unknown
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Joined: Nov 26 2005, 01:46 AM

Nov 6 2006, 11:57 PM #3

32 A & E consultants plus emergency helicopter crews:

http://z13.invisionfree.com/julyseventh ... p=11459627
�To those who are afraid of the truth, I wish to offer a few scary truths; and to those who are not afraid of the truth, I wish to offer proof that the terrorism of truth is the only one that can be of benefit to the proletariat.� -- On Terrorism and the State, Gianfranco Sanguinetti
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Joined: Jan 24 2006, 10:57 PM

Nov 7 2006, 03:03 PM #4

The 1st National FORREST (Forensic Research and Teaching) Forensic Science Conference was held 7th - 9th. July 2005 at the University of Lincoln.

The conference gathered together various forensic practicioners.

I discovered this from a reference on Theyworkforyou:
3:02 pm
Ian Gibson (Norwich North, Labour)  Hansard Source

<...>

Forensic science is an ever-expanding area, as we have just heard. Many private and public bodies interact with the political process: the Home Office and its Forensic Science Service, academics, research students, scientists, medics, social commentators trying to unravel the details of scientific investigations of crime, and educational and judicial practitioners. It is a busy, high-octane field and very difficult sometimes to unravel.

The report has made a dent in the situation and illustrates the problems, which are being spoken of in professional societies. Last summer, I journeyed to Lincoln to speak about the issue at a conference of forensic practitioners. The meeting took place on the day of the London bombings, and the people there knew immediately that it was not an electrical fault that caused the disastrous events that occurred one after the other. It was interesting that some of them disappeared because they had to help out with the analysis of the situation.

source
Sean Doyle (Head of the Forensic Explosives Laboratory) was scheduled to give a 'keynote talk and run a workshop. He 'was unable to attend as he was 'immediately called into the police investigations'*. (*Source - 1.4MB PDF Alert!)

Was Sean Doyle one of the people who 'immediately knew that it was not an electrical fault that caused the disastrous events'

Sean Doyle (now head of chemistry and research at the forensic explosives laboratory of the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL), Fort Halstead, UK) has also recently been involved in commenting on the 2006 airline explosives plot:
‘There is a real threat’, [Doyle ] told Chemistry World, adding that his team – which worked on samples from last year’s London bombs – was ‘very much at the heart of the investigation.’

Source here

How could someone at a conference in Lincoln IMMEDIATELY KNOW THAT THE EXPLOSIONS IN LONDON ON THE MORNING OF JULY 7th 2005 WERE NOT ELECTRICAL IN NATURE? Else without additional inside knowledge?
In some ways she was far more acute than Winston, and far less susceptible to Party propaganda. Once when he happened in some connection to mention the war against Eurasia, she startled him by saying casually that in her opinion the war was not happening. The rocket bombs which fell daily on London were probably fired by the Government of Oceania itself, "just to keep the people frightened." -- George Orwell, 1984
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Joined: Jan 24 2006, 10:57 PM

Nov 10 2006, 01:40 AM #5

On the morning of Thursday, 7 July, Chatto & Windus published a new novel - about suicide bombers attacking London.

Posters advertising the novel—Incendiary by first-time novelist Chris Cleave—had been put up in 150 London Underground stations the day before, on July 6. They showed a bomb floating above the London skyline, under the tagline "WHAT IF?"

Article:
http://www.spiked-online.com/Articles/0000000CACB4.htm

(Chris Cleave is a graduate of Balliol College, Oxford, which he left with a First in Experimental Psychology.)

Cleave explains why he wrote the book.
In some ways she was far more acute than Winston, and far less susceptible to Party propaganda. Once when he happened in some connection to mention the war against Eurasia, she startled him by saying casually that in her opinion the war was not happening. The rocket bombs which fell daily on London were probably fired by the Government of Oceania itself, "just to keep the people frightened." -- George Orwell, 1984
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Joined: Nov 26 2005, 01:46 AM

Nov 25 2006, 01:35 AM #6

Research into London bomb stories


London Underground 3D computer programme (from University of Nottingham)
Researchers were exhibiting a Tube evacuation simulation on 7 July
The experiences of people involved in the London bomb attacks are being researched by a team from three universities in the UK.

Researchers from Sussex, Nottingham and St Andrews have been investigating how people respond to emergency alerts.

On the day of the attacks they were exhibiting a virtual reality simulation of a London Underground evacuation.

Scientists said reports of orderly evacuations supported previous findings that mass panic is rare.

To add to their continuing research, a website has been set up for people to record their experiences of the London attacks, which has so far received around 10 responses.

Emergency training

The team are looking for full accounts of what happened, what feelings and emotions people had and what they noticed about the actions of others around them.

Dr Chris Cocking, a psychologist at the University of Sussex, said: "We also want to help celebrate the human spirit in the face of adversity because the attacks showed the good side of human nature, people being selfless and heroic."

The work on public behaviour during disaster situations, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, ultimately aims to develop a simulation programme for use in emergency services training.



London Underground 3D computer programme (from University of Nottingham)
The number of people on the 3D programme can be varied

The team displayed their underground station evacuation simulator during the four-day Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition in London, ending on 7 July.

Dr Cocking was himself part of an evacuation at Waterloo station and had to walk across central London to reach the exhibition.

"It was surreal and a cruel twist of fate," he said.

"But the simulation became secondary and our thoughts were mainly focused on ways of helping if needed."


The application uses a three-dimensional computer simulation to study crowd evacuation theories.

Dr Damian Schofield, from the University of Nottingham, previously said: "The addition of further factors in the future could improve the system and allow the psychologists a better insight into crowd dynamics."
This is the website for the RS Summer Exhibition 2005 - not sure which area this links to though. The researchers have also responded to the GLA Review Committee after setting up a website for survivors here.
�To those who are afraid of the truth, I wish to offer a few scary truths; and to those who are not afraid of the truth, I wish to offer proof that the terrorism of truth is the only one that can be of benefit to the proletariat.� -- On Terrorism and the State, Gianfranco Sanguinetti
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Joined: Nov 26 2005, 01:46 AM

Nov 25 2006, 01:47 AM #7

Found it, there's also a video link to the exhibit:
Don’t panic!

EXHIBIT 24

The Royal Society's Summer Science Exhibition 2005

Dr John Drury and Dr Chris Cocking, University of Sussex.
Dr Damian Schofield, Dr Andy Burton and Dr Paul Langston, University of Nottingham.
Dr Steve Reicher, University of St Andrews.


See a video of this exhibit


Computer simulation of an underground station used to assess crowd behaviour in emergencies.

'When people gather in public spaces such as sports grounds or the Underground, their reaction to emergencies is crucial', explains John Drury, psychologist and head of the Underground Station Evacuation Application research team. 'Crowd panic is frequently blamed for deaths, but studies of escaping crowds reveal a different picture. As well as emotional and selfish behaviour there is also helping, co-ordination and self-sacrifice, even in life-threatening situations'.

Results from studies using a new computer simulation are challenging the assumption that crowds panic in an emergency situation. The Underground Station Evacuation Application works just like a three-dimensional (3D) computer game. By manipulating a person's behaviour in a virtual crowd during an emergency on an underground railway station, factors such as the speed of exit can be recorded. Establishing how crowds behave in emergencies is vital to the handling of evacuations by the authorities and the design of emergency exit routes.
Computer simulation of an underground station used to assess crowd behaviour in emergencies.

Recent research in social psychology suggests that shared identities can determine the behaviour of crowds. Where individuals in a crowd identify with others, at concerts or football matches for example, it is thought that greater co-ordination, more mutual helping and a calmer response will result. John and his colleagues have developed the Underground Station Evacuation Application to test this idea and hope their research will lead to changes in policy and practice that are based on accurate models of crowd behaviour.

'All procedures and building plans based on the possibility of crowd panic are probably flawed', suggests John. 'The outdated notion that emergency evacuation behaviour is characterised by blind panic is reflected in actions like the withholding of information from the public. The position of emergency exits may not reflect the fact that individuals will try to take their usual route of exit rather than blindly running to the first exit they see'.

This Underground Station Evacuation Application, is a fully interactive computer visualisation that can be used without special training. In appearance it is similar to many computer and console games that rely on navigation around a simulated 3D environment. Key factors such as the number of people and smoke levels can be varied. As users negotiate their exit from the station, further opportunities appear for helping or pushing past others in the crowd.

Computer visualisation and simulation of disasters and major incidents have broad applications. 'The US has been using computer visualisations in court cases for 20 years; no lawyer would work on a large civil claim without one', explains Damian Schofield, who has worked on a number of high profile UK court cases. 'The application of interactive, virtual learning environments, containing realistic simulations of actual behaviour, has the potential to make a major impact on the safety of major events'.

Interest in the Underground Station Evacuation Application's potential as a training tool has already been expressed by stewarding organisations and police forces.
�To those who are afraid of the truth, I wish to offer a few scary truths; and to those who are not afraid of the truth, I wish to offer proof that the terrorism of truth is the only one that can be of benefit to the proletariat.� -- On Terrorism and the State, Gianfranco Sanguinetti
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