Peerless

Peerless

Franklin
Franklin

March 23rd, 2009, 1:43 am #1

I'd hoped one day to do something with this, but I can't.

If anyone wants to mess with Peerless cuffs, here's a start

Franklin


Peerless Handcuff Company
A Massachusetts Domestic Profit Corporation
Incorporated June 22, 1914


Patent No. Filed Granted Inventor

1017955 October 4, 1911 February 20, 1912 George A. Carney
One-half assigned to George H. Littlefield
Patent on swing-through design

1157135 January 2, 1915 October 19, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Smith & Wesson
Patent on construction of three-piece lock body and pawl ditch

1161562 October 6, 1914 November 23, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson
Assigned to James M. Gill
Patent on lock mechanism for double-locking with key (Model 1)

1531451 April 13, 1922 March 31, 1925 Elmer E. Neel
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on lock mechanism using push pin to double-lock (Model 2)

1872857 April 20, 1931 August 23, 1932 Harold Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on improved push pin lock mechanism with anti-shim notch on ratchet (Model 3)

2759349 February 15, 1954 August 21, 1956 S. R. McKee
Assigned to Joseph A. Lorch
Patent on push pin lock mechanism (Model 4)


Patent Model
Constructed of two right-hand cuffs, joined together by single link, using the patent 1161562 lock mechanism that double locks with key. No pawl ditches. Both cuffs marked the same.
Front: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
Rear: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.




Model 1
Uses the patent 1157135 body construction with pawl grooves. Box is heavy, glued cardboard, two piece construction covered with dark burgundy paper, instruction sheet glued to inside of box lid. Exterior box label is glued to narrow end of box with handwritten serial number.
Version
1 Constructed with a left-hand and right hand cuff, joined by single link, with pawl ditch
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
LR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
RR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON

2 Same as version 2 but with early Peerless logo stamped on RR cuff body; this logo has the word
TRADE at top of emblem and MARK at bottom

3 Cuffs joined together by two links
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
no logo

4 Same as version 3 but with Peerless logo on RR, with TRADEMARK at top of emblem and REGISTERED at bottom.

5 Same as version 4 but:
RR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
Peerless logo, rotated 90 degrees clockwise

6 Same as version 5, but with serial numbers on front of both cuffs.

7 Stampings in larger font and serial numbers on front of both cuffs. Stampings same as version 4 except that Peerless logo is rotated 90 degrees clockwise and a comma added after SPRINGFIELD






Model 2
Uses the patent 1531451 lock mechanism that double locks using a push pin. Box is same as Model 1 with revised instructions on inside of box lid.
Version
1 Serial numbers on front of both cuffs.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
Peerless logo rotated 90 degrees clockwise

2 Same as version 1 except that Peerless logo is upright

3 Same as version 2 except that serial number is on LF only

4 Same as version 3, except that patent stampings on LR and RR are:
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
MAR. 31, 1925 MADE IN U.S.A.

5 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PATENT 1017955
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.

6 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PAT. PAT. PENDING
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.










Model 3, later denominated by Peerless as Model 300
Uses barrel key that will become the universal handcuff key employing the patent 1872857 lock
mechanism and anti-shim notch on pawl. Lock body is redesigned.
Version
1 Production starts while patent 1872857 lock mechanism is pending. Serial number on LF is now stamped vertically between keyway and swivel. Box remains the same as Model 2.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

2 After patent 1872857 is granted, it is included on stampings. Serial number on LF.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

3 Peerless moves from 91 Dwight Street to 95 State Street and sets up a new manufacturing facility.
Several modifications are made to the Model 3, presumably to reduce costs. The thickness of all
cuff body pieces are slightly reduced. The anti-shim notch on the ratchet (one element of
the1872857 patent) is eliminated. The dogs that engage the pawl ditch are replaced by stampings
to create the dogs that leave a visible detent on the exterior lock body. The Peerless logo is no longer stamped on the cuffs; all other cuff stampings remain the same, but their orientation on the left cuff changes
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The box is changed to a folded cardboard, two-piece construction with all printed material
printed directly on the cardboard and serial number is stamped. Within this version, there are two variations, based upon the box design. The first has the instructions printed on the inside of the box lid. The second eliminates this and a small, 2-fold, 4 page instruction sheet is substituted.

Model 4 introduced; after it was discontinued, this version of Model 3 was continued.

4 Only stamping on left cuff is serial number on front.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA.
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The instruction sheet is expanded to a 4-fold, 10 page item. Oddly, the illustration on page 1 of the left cuff, serial number 803327, shows the type of patent stamping that now appears only on the right cuff.

5 Same as version 3, except that the # sign appears before the serial number.

6 With the introduction of handcuff testing by the National Institute of Justice, handcuffs must now
bear a model number to receive NIJ certification. The only stamping on the left cuff remains just
the serial number, with # sign.
RF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO. (THE eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA (period after MA eliminated)
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Within this version, there are three variations, based upon the boxes and inserts. The first uses the same box and instruction sheet as versions 4 and 5, but with the addition of a single page Certificate of Compliance regarding NIJ standards. The second uses a single piece, folded box with gray background with black and red printing, but does not have the emblem on the box regarding lifetime warranty; originally this includes instructions with supplemental NIJ sheet and then changes to a multi-folded 8 ½ x 11 sheet that includes NIJ certification information.

7 Markings are no longer stamped, but are mechanically etched only on the front of the cuffs.
Serial number on LF, with # sign
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO (period after CO eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN USA (periods eliminated)

8 Serial number on LF, with # sign.
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENTED
MADE IN USA

Lightweight

Thin model cuff, denominated by Peerless as Lightweight. This was originally introduced as a
version of the Model 4, using the 2759349 patent lock mechanism. After the Model 4 was discontinued and production of the Model 3 resumed, the Lightweight continued as a version of the Model 3.
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Box is two-piece folded cardboard with instructions printed on inside of lid; however, the ink
color is red, rather than black, and a 2-fold, 4 page supplemental instruction sheet included.


Model 4

Introduced as a successor to the Model 3 using the patent 2759349 lock mechanism, originally with a double-bitted key. As a visual indicator that it used a double-bit key, the lock body was stamped with two detents; however, only the lower detent extended through the cuff body to create a dog to engage the pawl ditch. Due to problems with key and lock breakage, the double-bit lock was discontinued and a single-bit key lock introduced. Existing Model 4 stock, with two detents, and repaired cuffs, were retrofitted with the single-bit lock mechanism. Thereafter, no longer serving any purpose, the upper detent was eliminated.
Version
1 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Uses double-bit key and lock bodies have two detents. Serial number on LF.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT 2,759,349
MADE IN U.S.A.

2 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 1, but with two detents on lock bodies and uses single-bit key.

3 Available in 10 oz. steel, 7 oz. steel (Lightweight) and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 2, but with one detent on lock bodies.

Model 400
Two-piece lock body made of sintered steel with elongated detents and square double-lock button.
LF: M-400 (stamped vertically between keyway and swivel)
New circular logo with
PEERLESS
MADE IN ®
U.S.A.
in center, curved at top
SPRINGFIELD
MASSACHUSETTS
curved, at bottom
LF: serial number stamped vertically between keyway and swivel
circular stamping with
MADE IN
U.S.A
in center, curved at top
PATENTS
PENDING
curved, at bottom
Box is same one piece construction as late Model 3 (no lifetime warranty logo) but end flap has
printed sections labeled Serial Finish Model and the information handwritten.

Model 500
Has round detents and round double lock button. Serial number on LF.
Version
1 RF: MADE IN U.S.A (curved)
PEERLESS ®
RR: PATENTED (curved)
MODEL 500

2 Stampings replaced with laser etching. Serial number on LF.
LF: PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: MADE IN U.S.A.
PATENTED
MODEL 500 (etched vertically between keyway and swivel)

3 Same as version 2 except that sculpted swivels are replaced with straight-sided bullet swivels.

Box now has lifetime warranty logo with cuff information stamped on plain end flap.

Model 600

Prototype model that was never put into production.


Peerlesss records of serial numbers start with 31000, June 26, 1924.

M1/V6
284 SW
1893 SW
M1/V7

14638 FW

M2/V1
18310 SW
26203 SW

M2/V2


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Ron Spitz
Ron Spitz

March 23rd, 2009, 3:20 am #2

If someone has all the models or pictures of them, this would make a good article for the Handcuff Annual. Joe??

Ron
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Ian McColl
Ian McColl

March 23rd, 2009, 4:58 am #3

I'd hoped one day to do something with this, but I can't.

If anyone wants to mess with Peerless cuffs, here's a start

Franklin


Peerless Handcuff Company
A Massachusetts Domestic Profit Corporation
Incorporated June 22, 1914


Patent No. Filed Granted Inventor

1017955 October 4, 1911 February 20, 1912 George A. Carney
One-half assigned to George H. Littlefield
Patent on swing-through design

1157135 January 2, 1915 October 19, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Smith & Wesson
Patent on construction of three-piece lock body and pawl ditch

1161562 October 6, 1914 November 23, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson
Assigned to James M. Gill
Patent on lock mechanism for double-locking with key (Model 1)

1531451 April 13, 1922 March 31, 1925 Elmer E. Neel
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on lock mechanism using push pin to double-lock (Model 2)

1872857 April 20, 1931 August 23, 1932 Harold Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on improved push pin lock mechanism with anti-shim notch on ratchet (Model 3)

2759349 February 15, 1954 August 21, 1956 S. R. McKee
Assigned to Joseph A. Lorch
Patent on push pin lock mechanism (Model 4)


Patent Model
Constructed of two right-hand cuffs, joined together by single link, using the patent 1161562 lock mechanism that double locks with key. No pawl ditches. Both cuffs marked the same.
Front: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
Rear: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.




Model 1
Uses the patent 1157135 body construction with pawl grooves. Box is heavy, glued cardboard, two piece construction covered with dark burgundy paper, instruction sheet glued to inside of box lid. Exterior box label is glued to narrow end of box with handwritten serial number.
Version
1 Constructed with a left-hand and right hand cuff, joined by single link, with pawl ditch
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
LR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
RR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON

2 Same as version 2 but with early Peerless logo stamped on RR cuff body; this logo has the word
TRADE at top of emblem and MARK at bottom

3 Cuffs joined together by two links
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
no logo

4 Same as version 3 but with Peerless logo on RR, with TRADEMARK at top of emblem and REGISTERED at bottom.

5 Same as version 4 but:
RR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
Peerless logo, rotated 90 degrees clockwise

6 Same as version 5, but with serial numbers on front of both cuffs.

7 Stampings in larger font and serial numbers on front of both cuffs. Stampings same as version 4 except that Peerless logo is rotated 90 degrees clockwise and a comma added after SPRINGFIELD






Model 2
Uses the patent 1531451 lock mechanism that double locks using a push pin. Box is same as Model 1 with revised instructions on inside of box lid.
Version
1 Serial numbers on front of both cuffs.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
Peerless logo rotated 90 degrees clockwise

2 Same as version 1 except that Peerless logo is upright

3 Same as version 2 except that serial number is on LF only

4 Same as version 3, except that patent stampings on LR and RR are:
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
MAR. 31, 1925 MADE IN U.S.A.

5 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PATENT 1017955
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.

6 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PAT. PAT. PENDING
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.










Model 3, later denominated by Peerless as Model 300
Uses barrel key that will become the universal handcuff key employing the patent 1872857 lock
mechanism and anti-shim notch on pawl. Lock body is redesigned.
Version
1 Production starts while patent 1872857 lock mechanism is pending. Serial number on LF is now stamped vertically between keyway and swivel. Box remains the same as Model 2.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

2 After patent 1872857 is granted, it is included on stampings. Serial number on LF.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

3 Peerless moves from 91 Dwight Street to 95 State Street and sets up a new manufacturing facility.
Several modifications are made to the Model 3, presumably to reduce costs. The thickness of all
cuff body pieces are slightly reduced. The anti-shim notch on the ratchet (one element of
the1872857 patent) is eliminated. The dogs that engage the pawl ditch are replaced by stampings
to create the dogs that leave a visible detent on the exterior lock body. The Peerless logo is no longer stamped on the cuffs; all other cuff stampings remain the same, but their orientation on the left cuff changes
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The box is changed to a folded cardboard, two-piece construction with all printed material
printed directly on the cardboard and serial number is stamped. Within this version, there are two variations, based upon the box design. The first has the instructions printed on the inside of the box lid. The second eliminates this and a small, 2-fold, 4 page instruction sheet is substituted.

Model 4 introduced; after it was discontinued, this version of Model 3 was continued.

4 Only stamping on left cuff is serial number on front.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA.
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The instruction sheet is expanded to a 4-fold, 10 page item. Oddly, the illustration on page 1 of the left cuff, serial number 803327, shows the type of patent stamping that now appears only on the right cuff.

5 Same as version 3, except that the # sign appears before the serial number.

6 With the introduction of handcuff testing by the National Institute of Justice, handcuffs must now
bear a model number to receive NIJ certification. The only stamping on the left cuff remains just
the serial number, with # sign.
RF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO. (THE eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA (period after MA eliminated)
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Within this version, there are three variations, based upon the boxes and inserts. The first uses the same box and instruction sheet as versions 4 and 5, but with the addition of a single page Certificate of Compliance regarding NIJ standards. The second uses a single piece, folded box with gray background with black and red printing, but does not have the emblem on the box regarding lifetime warranty; originally this includes instructions with supplemental NIJ sheet and then changes to a multi-folded 8 ½ x 11 sheet that includes NIJ certification information.

7 Markings are no longer stamped, but are mechanically etched only on the front of the cuffs.
Serial number on LF, with # sign
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO (period after CO eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN USA (periods eliminated)

8 Serial number on LF, with # sign.
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENTED
MADE IN USA

Lightweight

Thin model cuff, denominated by Peerless as Lightweight. This was originally introduced as a
version of the Model 4, using the 2759349 patent lock mechanism. After the Model 4 was discontinued and production of the Model 3 resumed, the Lightweight continued as a version of the Model 3.
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Box is two-piece folded cardboard with instructions printed on inside of lid; however, the ink
color is red, rather than black, and a 2-fold, 4 page supplemental instruction sheet included.


Model 4

Introduced as a successor to the Model 3 using the patent 2759349 lock mechanism, originally with a double-bitted key. As a visual indicator that it used a double-bit key, the lock body was stamped with two detents; however, only the lower detent extended through the cuff body to create a dog to engage the pawl ditch. Due to problems with key and lock breakage, the double-bit lock was discontinued and a single-bit key lock introduced. Existing Model 4 stock, with two detents, and repaired cuffs, were retrofitted with the single-bit lock mechanism. Thereafter, no longer serving any purpose, the upper detent was eliminated.
Version
1 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Uses double-bit key and lock bodies have two detents. Serial number on LF.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT 2,759,349
MADE IN U.S.A.

2 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 1, but with two detents on lock bodies and uses single-bit key.

3 Available in 10 oz. steel, 7 oz. steel (Lightweight) and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 2, but with one detent on lock bodies.

Model 400
Two-piece lock body made of sintered steel with elongated detents and square double-lock button.
LF: M-400 (stamped vertically between keyway and swivel)
New circular logo with
PEERLESS
MADE IN ®
U.S.A.
in center, curved at top
SPRINGFIELD
MASSACHUSETTS
curved, at bottom
LF: serial number stamped vertically between keyway and swivel
circular stamping with
MADE IN
U.S.A
in center, curved at top
PATENTS
PENDING
curved, at bottom
Box is same one piece construction as late Model 3 (no lifetime warranty logo) but end flap has
printed sections labeled Serial Finish Model and the information handwritten.

Model 500
Has round detents and round double lock button. Serial number on LF.
Version
1 RF: MADE IN U.S.A (curved)
PEERLESS ®
RR: PATENTED (curved)
MODEL 500

2 Stampings replaced with laser etching. Serial number on LF.
LF: PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: MADE IN U.S.A.
PATENTED
MODEL 500 (etched vertically between keyway and swivel)

3 Same as version 2 except that sculpted swivels are replaced with straight-sided bullet swivels.

Box now has lifetime warranty logo with cuff information stamped on plain end flap.

Model 600

Prototype model that was never put into production.


Peerlesss records of serial numbers start with 31000, June 26, 1924.

M1/V6
284 SW
1893 SW
M1/V7

14638 FW

M2/V1
18310 SW
26203 SW

M2/V2

Hi, great work and a lot of reseacrh and observation.


The term 'pawl' is the piece which locks into the teeth of the ratchet on the bow and is lifted, moved by the key.

The grooves in the bow are anti pry grooves or milling.

regards

Ian
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David
David

March 23rd, 2009, 6:02 am #4

I'd hoped one day to do something with this, but I can't.

If anyone wants to mess with Peerless cuffs, here's a start

Franklin


Peerless Handcuff Company
A Massachusetts Domestic Profit Corporation
Incorporated June 22, 1914


Patent No. Filed Granted Inventor

1017955 October 4, 1911 February 20, 1912 George A. Carney
One-half assigned to George H. Littlefield
Patent on swing-through design

1157135 January 2, 1915 October 19, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Smith & Wesson
Patent on construction of three-piece lock body and pawl ditch

1161562 October 6, 1914 November 23, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson
Assigned to James M. Gill
Patent on lock mechanism for double-locking with key (Model 1)

1531451 April 13, 1922 March 31, 1925 Elmer E. Neel
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on lock mechanism using push pin to double-lock (Model 2)

1872857 April 20, 1931 August 23, 1932 Harold Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on improved push pin lock mechanism with anti-shim notch on ratchet (Model 3)

2759349 February 15, 1954 August 21, 1956 S. R. McKee
Assigned to Joseph A. Lorch
Patent on push pin lock mechanism (Model 4)


Patent Model
Constructed of two right-hand cuffs, joined together by single link, using the patent 1161562 lock mechanism that double locks with key. No pawl ditches. Both cuffs marked the same.
Front: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
Rear: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.




Model 1
Uses the patent 1157135 body construction with pawl grooves. Box is heavy, glued cardboard, two piece construction covered with dark burgundy paper, instruction sheet glued to inside of box lid. Exterior box label is glued to narrow end of box with handwritten serial number.
Version
1 Constructed with a left-hand and right hand cuff, joined by single link, with pawl ditch
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
LR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
RR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON

2 Same as version 2 but with early Peerless logo stamped on RR cuff body; this logo has the word
TRADE at top of emblem and MARK at bottom

3 Cuffs joined together by two links
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
no logo

4 Same as version 3 but with Peerless logo on RR, with TRADEMARK at top of emblem and REGISTERED at bottom.

5 Same as version 4 but:
RR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
Peerless logo, rotated 90 degrees clockwise

6 Same as version 5, but with serial numbers on front of both cuffs.

7 Stampings in larger font and serial numbers on front of both cuffs. Stampings same as version 4 except that Peerless logo is rotated 90 degrees clockwise and a comma added after SPRINGFIELD






Model 2
Uses the patent 1531451 lock mechanism that double locks using a push pin. Box is same as Model 1 with revised instructions on inside of box lid.
Version
1 Serial numbers on front of both cuffs.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
Peerless logo rotated 90 degrees clockwise

2 Same as version 1 except that Peerless logo is upright

3 Same as version 2 except that serial number is on LF only

4 Same as version 3, except that patent stampings on LR and RR are:
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
MAR. 31, 1925 MADE IN U.S.A.

5 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PATENT 1017955
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.

6 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PAT. PAT. PENDING
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.










Model 3, later denominated by Peerless as Model 300
Uses barrel key that will become the universal handcuff key employing the patent 1872857 lock
mechanism and anti-shim notch on pawl. Lock body is redesigned.
Version
1 Production starts while patent 1872857 lock mechanism is pending. Serial number on LF is now stamped vertically between keyway and swivel. Box remains the same as Model 2.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

2 After patent 1872857 is granted, it is included on stampings. Serial number on LF.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

3 Peerless moves from 91 Dwight Street to 95 State Street and sets up a new manufacturing facility.
Several modifications are made to the Model 3, presumably to reduce costs. The thickness of all
cuff body pieces are slightly reduced. The anti-shim notch on the ratchet (one element of
the1872857 patent) is eliminated. The dogs that engage the pawl ditch are replaced by stampings
to create the dogs that leave a visible detent on the exterior lock body. The Peerless logo is no longer stamped on the cuffs; all other cuff stampings remain the same, but their orientation on the left cuff changes
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The box is changed to a folded cardboard, two-piece construction with all printed material
printed directly on the cardboard and serial number is stamped. Within this version, there are two variations, based upon the box design. The first has the instructions printed on the inside of the box lid. The second eliminates this and a small, 2-fold, 4 page instruction sheet is substituted.

Model 4 introduced; after it was discontinued, this version of Model 3 was continued.

4 Only stamping on left cuff is serial number on front.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA.
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The instruction sheet is expanded to a 4-fold, 10 page item. Oddly, the illustration on page 1 of the left cuff, serial number 803327, shows the type of patent stamping that now appears only on the right cuff.

5 Same as version 3, except that the # sign appears before the serial number.

6 With the introduction of handcuff testing by the National Institute of Justice, handcuffs must now
bear a model number to receive NIJ certification. The only stamping on the left cuff remains just
the serial number, with # sign.
RF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO. (THE eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA (period after MA eliminated)
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Within this version, there are three variations, based upon the boxes and inserts. The first uses the same box and instruction sheet as versions 4 and 5, but with the addition of a single page Certificate of Compliance regarding NIJ standards. The second uses a single piece, folded box with gray background with black and red printing, but does not have the emblem on the box regarding lifetime warranty; originally this includes instructions with supplemental NIJ sheet and then changes to a multi-folded 8 ½ x 11 sheet that includes NIJ certification information.

7 Markings are no longer stamped, but are mechanically etched only on the front of the cuffs.
Serial number on LF, with # sign
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO (period after CO eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN USA (periods eliminated)

8 Serial number on LF, with # sign.
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENTED
MADE IN USA

Lightweight

Thin model cuff, denominated by Peerless as Lightweight. This was originally introduced as a
version of the Model 4, using the 2759349 patent lock mechanism. After the Model 4 was discontinued and production of the Model 3 resumed, the Lightweight continued as a version of the Model 3.
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Box is two-piece folded cardboard with instructions printed on inside of lid; however, the ink
color is red, rather than black, and a 2-fold, 4 page supplemental instruction sheet included.


Model 4

Introduced as a successor to the Model 3 using the patent 2759349 lock mechanism, originally with a double-bitted key. As a visual indicator that it used a double-bit key, the lock body was stamped with two detents; however, only the lower detent extended through the cuff body to create a dog to engage the pawl ditch. Due to problems with key and lock breakage, the double-bit lock was discontinued and a single-bit key lock introduced. Existing Model 4 stock, with two detents, and repaired cuffs, were retrofitted with the single-bit lock mechanism. Thereafter, no longer serving any purpose, the upper detent was eliminated.
Version
1 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Uses double-bit key and lock bodies have two detents. Serial number on LF.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT 2,759,349
MADE IN U.S.A.

2 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 1, but with two detents on lock bodies and uses single-bit key.

3 Available in 10 oz. steel, 7 oz. steel (Lightweight) and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 2, but with one detent on lock bodies.

Model 400
Two-piece lock body made of sintered steel with elongated detents and square double-lock button.
LF: M-400 (stamped vertically between keyway and swivel)
New circular logo with
PEERLESS
MADE IN ®
U.S.A.
in center, curved at top
SPRINGFIELD
MASSACHUSETTS
curved, at bottom
LF: serial number stamped vertically between keyway and swivel
circular stamping with
MADE IN
U.S.A
in center, curved at top
PATENTS
PENDING
curved, at bottom
Box is same one piece construction as late Model 3 (no lifetime warranty logo) but end flap has
printed sections labeled Serial Finish Model and the information handwritten.

Model 500
Has round detents and round double lock button. Serial number on LF.
Version
1 RF: MADE IN U.S.A (curved)
PEERLESS ®
RR: PATENTED (curved)
MODEL 500

2 Stampings replaced with laser etching. Serial number on LF.
LF: PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: MADE IN U.S.A.
PATENTED
MODEL 500 (etched vertically between keyway and swivel)

3 Same as version 2 except that sculpted swivels are replaced with straight-sided bullet swivels.

Box now has lifetime warranty logo with cuff information stamped on plain end flap.

Model 600

Prototype model that was never put into production.


Peerlesss records of serial numbers start with 31000, June 26, 1924.

M1/V6
284 SW
1893 SW
M1/V7

14638 FW

M2/V1
18310 SW
26203 SW

M2/V2

Holy Hell

You finally got every one of them.

Congratulations
Quote
Share

Joined: August 30th, 2003, 2:36 pm

March 23rd, 2009, 11:27 am #5

I'd hoped one day to do something with this, but I can't.

If anyone wants to mess with Peerless cuffs, here's a start

Franklin


Peerless Handcuff Company
A Massachusetts Domestic Profit Corporation
Incorporated June 22, 1914


Patent No. Filed Granted Inventor

1017955 October 4, 1911 February 20, 1912 George A. Carney
One-half assigned to George H. Littlefield
Patent on swing-through design

1157135 January 2, 1915 October 19, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Smith & Wesson
Patent on construction of three-piece lock body and pawl ditch

1161562 October 6, 1914 November 23, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson
Assigned to James M. Gill
Patent on lock mechanism for double-locking with key (Model 1)

1531451 April 13, 1922 March 31, 1925 Elmer E. Neel
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on lock mechanism using push pin to double-lock (Model 2)

1872857 April 20, 1931 August 23, 1932 Harold Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on improved push pin lock mechanism with anti-shim notch on ratchet (Model 3)

2759349 February 15, 1954 August 21, 1956 S. R. McKee
Assigned to Joseph A. Lorch
Patent on push pin lock mechanism (Model 4)


Patent Model
Constructed of two right-hand cuffs, joined together by single link, using the patent 1161562 lock mechanism that double locks with key. No pawl ditches. Both cuffs marked the same.
Front: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
Rear: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.




Model 1
Uses the patent 1157135 body construction with pawl grooves. Box is heavy, glued cardboard, two piece construction covered with dark burgundy paper, instruction sheet glued to inside of box lid. Exterior box label is glued to narrow end of box with handwritten serial number.
Version
1 Constructed with a left-hand and right hand cuff, joined by single link, with pawl ditch
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
LR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
RR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON

2 Same as version 2 but with early Peerless logo stamped on RR cuff body; this logo has the word
TRADE at top of emblem and MARK at bottom

3 Cuffs joined together by two links
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
no logo

4 Same as version 3 but with Peerless logo on RR, with TRADEMARK at top of emblem and REGISTERED at bottom.

5 Same as version 4 but:
RR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
Peerless logo, rotated 90 degrees clockwise

6 Same as version 5, but with serial numbers on front of both cuffs.

7 Stampings in larger font and serial numbers on front of both cuffs. Stampings same as version 4 except that Peerless logo is rotated 90 degrees clockwise and a comma added after SPRINGFIELD






Model 2
Uses the patent 1531451 lock mechanism that double locks using a push pin. Box is same as Model 1 with revised instructions on inside of box lid.
Version
1 Serial numbers on front of both cuffs.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
Peerless logo rotated 90 degrees clockwise

2 Same as version 1 except that Peerless logo is upright

3 Same as version 2 except that serial number is on LF only

4 Same as version 3, except that patent stampings on LR and RR are:
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
MAR. 31, 1925 MADE IN U.S.A.

5 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PATENT 1017955
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.

6 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PAT. PAT. PENDING
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.










Model 3, later denominated by Peerless as Model 300
Uses barrel key that will become the universal handcuff key employing the patent 1872857 lock
mechanism and anti-shim notch on pawl. Lock body is redesigned.
Version
1 Production starts while patent 1872857 lock mechanism is pending. Serial number on LF is now stamped vertically between keyway and swivel. Box remains the same as Model 2.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

2 After patent 1872857 is granted, it is included on stampings. Serial number on LF.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

3 Peerless moves from 91 Dwight Street to 95 State Street and sets up a new manufacturing facility.
Several modifications are made to the Model 3, presumably to reduce costs. The thickness of all
cuff body pieces are slightly reduced. The anti-shim notch on the ratchet (one element of
the1872857 patent) is eliminated. The dogs that engage the pawl ditch are replaced by stampings
to create the dogs that leave a visible detent on the exterior lock body. The Peerless logo is no longer stamped on the cuffs; all other cuff stampings remain the same, but their orientation on the left cuff changes
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The box is changed to a folded cardboard, two-piece construction with all printed material
printed directly on the cardboard and serial number is stamped. Within this version, there are two variations, based upon the box design. The first has the instructions printed on the inside of the box lid. The second eliminates this and a small, 2-fold, 4 page instruction sheet is substituted.

Model 4 introduced; after it was discontinued, this version of Model 3 was continued.

4 Only stamping on left cuff is serial number on front.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA.
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The instruction sheet is expanded to a 4-fold, 10 page item. Oddly, the illustration on page 1 of the left cuff, serial number 803327, shows the type of patent stamping that now appears only on the right cuff.

5 Same as version 3, except that the # sign appears before the serial number.

6 With the introduction of handcuff testing by the National Institute of Justice, handcuffs must now
bear a model number to receive NIJ certification. The only stamping on the left cuff remains just
the serial number, with # sign.
RF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO. (THE eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA (period after MA eliminated)
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Within this version, there are three variations, based upon the boxes and inserts. The first uses the same box and instruction sheet as versions 4 and 5, but with the addition of a single page Certificate of Compliance regarding NIJ standards. The second uses a single piece, folded box with gray background with black and red printing, but does not have the emblem on the box regarding lifetime warranty; originally this includes instructions with supplemental NIJ sheet and then changes to a multi-folded 8 ½ x 11 sheet that includes NIJ certification information.

7 Markings are no longer stamped, but are mechanically etched only on the front of the cuffs.
Serial number on LF, with # sign
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO (period after CO eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN USA (periods eliminated)

8 Serial number on LF, with # sign.
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENTED
MADE IN USA

Lightweight

Thin model cuff, denominated by Peerless as Lightweight. This was originally introduced as a
version of the Model 4, using the 2759349 patent lock mechanism. After the Model 4 was discontinued and production of the Model 3 resumed, the Lightweight continued as a version of the Model 3.
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Box is two-piece folded cardboard with instructions printed on inside of lid; however, the ink
color is red, rather than black, and a 2-fold, 4 page supplemental instruction sheet included.


Model 4

Introduced as a successor to the Model 3 using the patent 2759349 lock mechanism, originally with a double-bitted key. As a visual indicator that it used a double-bit key, the lock body was stamped with two detents; however, only the lower detent extended through the cuff body to create a dog to engage the pawl ditch. Due to problems with key and lock breakage, the double-bit lock was discontinued and a single-bit key lock introduced. Existing Model 4 stock, with two detents, and repaired cuffs, were retrofitted with the single-bit lock mechanism. Thereafter, no longer serving any purpose, the upper detent was eliminated.
Version
1 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Uses double-bit key and lock bodies have two detents. Serial number on LF.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT 2,759,349
MADE IN U.S.A.

2 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 1, but with two detents on lock bodies and uses single-bit key.

3 Available in 10 oz. steel, 7 oz. steel (Lightweight) and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 2, but with one detent on lock bodies.

Model 400
Two-piece lock body made of sintered steel with elongated detents and square double-lock button.
LF: M-400 (stamped vertically between keyway and swivel)
New circular logo with
PEERLESS
MADE IN ®
U.S.A.
in center, curved at top
SPRINGFIELD
MASSACHUSETTS
curved, at bottom
LF: serial number stamped vertically between keyway and swivel
circular stamping with
MADE IN
U.S.A
in center, curved at top
PATENTS
PENDING
curved, at bottom
Box is same one piece construction as late Model 3 (no lifetime warranty logo) but end flap has
printed sections labeled Serial Finish Model and the information handwritten.

Model 500
Has round detents and round double lock button. Serial number on LF.
Version
1 RF: MADE IN U.S.A (curved)
PEERLESS ®
RR: PATENTED (curved)
MODEL 500

2 Stampings replaced with laser etching. Serial number on LF.
LF: PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: MADE IN U.S.A.
PATENTED
MODEL 500 (etched vertically between keyway and swivel)

3 Same as version 2 except that sculpted swivels are replaced with straight-sided bullet swivels.

Box now has lifetime warranty logo with cuff information stamped on plain end flap.

Model 600

Prototype model that was never put into production.


Peerlesss records of serial numbers start with 31000, June 26, 1924.

M1/V6
284 SW
1893 SW
M1/V7

14638 FW

M2/V1
18310 SW
26203 SW

M2/V2

Franklin

Thanks for the list. It is a great help. This stuff is quite complicated to sort out. I now need to sit down with my own collection and compare each item to your list.

Joe
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Like
Share

Larry
Larry

March 12th, 2012, 10:03 pm #6

I'd hoped one day to do something with this, but I can't.

If anyone wants to mess with Peerless cuffs, here's a start

Franklin


Peerless Handcuff Company
A Massachusetts Domestic Profit Corporation
Incorporated June 22, 1914


Patent No. Filed Granted Inventor

1017955 October 4, 1911 February 20, 1912 George A. Carney
One-half assigned to George H. Littlefield
Patent on swing-through design

1157135 January 2, 1915 October 19, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Smith & Wesson
Patent on construction of three-piece lock body and pawl ditch

1161562 October 6, 1914 November 23, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson
Assigned to James M. Gill
Patent on lock mechanism for double-locking with key (Model 1)

1531451 April 13, 1922 March 31, 1925 Elmer E. Neel
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on lock mechanism using push pin to double-lock (Model 2)

1872857 April 20, 1931 August 23, 1932 Harold Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on improved push pin lock mechanism with anti-shim notch on ratchet (Model 3)

2759349 February 15, 1954 August 21, 1956 S. R. McKee
Assigned to Joseph A. Lorch
Patent on push pin lock mechanism (Model 4)


Patent Model
Constructed of two right-hand cuffs, joined together by single link, using the patent 1161562 lock mechanism that double locks with key. No pawl ditches. Both cuffs marked the same.
Front: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
Rear: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.




Model 1
Uses the patent 1157135 body construction with pawl grooves. Box is heavy, glued cardboard, two piece construction covered with dark burgundy paper, instruction sheet glued to inside of box lid. Exterior box label is glued to narrow end of box with handwritten serial number.
Version
1 Constructed with a left-hand and right hand cuff, joined by single link, with pawl ditch
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
LR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
RR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON

2 Same as version 2 but with early Peerless logo stamped on RR cuff body; this logo has the word
TRADE at top of emblem and MARK at bottom

3 Cuffs joined together by two links
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
no logo

4 Same as version 3 but with Peerless logo on RR, with TRADEMARK at top of emblem and REGISTERED at bottom.

5 Same as version 4 but:
RR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
Peerless logo, rotated 90 degrees clockwise

6 Same as version 5, but with serial numbers on front of both cuffs.

7 Stampings in larger font and serial numbers on front of both cuffs. Stampings same as version 4 except that Peerless logo is rotated 90 degrees clockwise and a comma added after SPRINGFIELD






Model 2
Uses the patent 1531451 lock mechanism that double locks using a push pin. Box is same as Model 1 with revised instructions on inside of box lid.
Version
1 Serial numbers on front of both cuffs.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
Peerless logo rotated 90 degrees clockwise

2 Same as version 1 except that Peerless logo is upright

3 Same as version 2 except that serial number is on LF only

4 Same as version 3, except that patent stampings on LR and RR are:
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
MAR. 31, 1925 MADE IN U.S.A.

5 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PATENT 1017955
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.

6 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PAT. PAT. PENDING
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.










Model 3, later denominated by Peerless as Model 300
Uses barrel key that will become the universal handcuff key employing the patent 1872857 lock
mechanism and anti-shim notch on pawl. Lock body is redesigned.
Version
1 Production starts while patent 1872857 lock mechanism is pending. Serial number on LF is now stamped vertically between keyway and swivel. Box remains the same as Model 2.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

2 After patent 1872857 is granted, it is included on stampings. Serial number on LF.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

3 Peerless moves from 91 Dwight Street to 95 State Street and sets up a new manufacturing facility.
Several modifications are made to the Model 3, presumably to reduce costs. The thickness of all
cuff body pieces are slightly reduced. The anti-shim notch on the ratchet (one element of
the1872857 patent) is eliminated. The dogs that engage the pawl ditch are replaced by stampings
to create the dogs that leave a visible detent on the exterior lock body. The Peerless logo is no longer stamped on the cuffs; all other cuff stampings remain the same, but their orientation on the left cuff changes
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The box is changed to a folded cardboard, two-piece construction with all printed material
printed directly on the cardboard and serial number is stamped. Within this version, there are two variations, based upon the box design. The first has the instructions printed on the inside of the box lid. The second eliminates this and a small, 2-fold, 4 page instruction sheet is substituted.

Model 4 introduced; after it was discontinued, this version of Model 3 was continued.

4 Only stamping on left cuff is serial number on front.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA.
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The instruction sheet is expanded to a 4-fold, 10 page item. Oddly, the illustration on page 1 of the left cuff, serial number 803327, shows the type of patent stamping that now appears only on the right cuff.

5 Same as version 3, except that the # sign appears before the serial number.

6 With the introduction of handcuff testing by the National Institute of Justice, handcuffs must now
bear a model number to receive NIJ certification. The only stamping on the left cuff remains just
the serial number, with # sign.
RF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO. (THE eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA (period after MA eliminated)
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Within this version, there are three variations, based upon the boxes and inserts. The first uses the same box and instruction sheet as versions 4 and 5, but with the addition of a single page Certificate of Compliance regarding NIJ standards. The second uses a single piece, folded box with gray background with black and red printing, but does not have the emblem on the box regarding lifetime warranty; originally this includes instructions with supplemental NIJ sheet and then changes to a multi-folded 8 ½ x 11 sheet that includes NIJ certification information.

7 Markings are no longer stamped, but are mechanically etched only on the front of the cuffs.
Serial number on LF, with # sign
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO (period after CO eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN USA (periods eliminated)

8 Serial number on LF, with # sign.
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENTED
MADE IN USA

Lightweight

Thin model cuff, denominated by Peerless as Lightweight. This was originally introduced as a
version of the Model 4, using the 2759349 patent lock mechanism. After the Model 4 was discontinued and production of the Model 3 resumed, the Lightweight continued as a version of the Model 3.
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Box is two-piece folded cardboard with instructions printed on inside of lid; however, the ink
color is red, rather than black, and a 2-fold, 4 page supplemental instruction sheet included.


Model 4

Introduced as a successor to the Model 3 using the patent 2759349 lock mechanism, originally with a double-bitted key. As a visual indicator that it used a double-bit key, the lock body was stamped with two detents; however, only the lower detent extended through the cuff body to create a dog to engage the pawl ditch. Due to problems with key and lock breakage, the double-bit lock was discontinued and a single-bit key lock introduced. Existing Model 4 stock, with two detents, and repaired cuffs, were retrofitted with the single-bit lock mechanism. Thereafter, no longer serving any purpose, the upper detent was eliminated.
Version
1 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Uses double-bit key and lock bodies have two detents. Serial number on LF.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT 2,759,349
MADE IN U.S.A.

2 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 1, but with two detents on lock bodies and uses single-bit key.

3 Available in 10 oz. steel, 7 oz. steel (Lightweight) and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 2, but with one detent on lock bodies.

Model 400
Two-piece lock body made of sintered steel with elongated detents and square double-lock button.
LF: M-400 (stamped vertically between keyway and swivel)
New circular logo with
PEERLESS
MADE IN ®
U.S.A.
in center, curved at top
SPRINGFIELD
MASSACHUSETTS
curved, at bottom
LF: serial number stamped vertically between keyway and swivel
circular stamping with
MADE IN
U.S.A
in center, curved at top
PATENTS
PENDING
curved, at bottom
Box is same one piece construction as late Model 3 (no lifetime warranty logo) but end flap has
printed sections labeled Serial Finish Model and the information handwritten.

Model 500
Has round detents and round double lock button. Serial number on LF.
Version
1 RF: MADE IN U.S.A (curved)
PEERLESS ®
RR: PATENTED (curved)
MODEL 500

2 Stampings replaced with laser etching. Serial number on LF.
LF: PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: MADE IN U.S.A.
PATENTED
MODEL 500 (etched vertically between keyway and swivel)

3 Same as version 2 except that sculpted swivels are replaced with straight-sided bullet swivels.

Box now has lifetime warranty logo with cuff information stamped on plain end flap.

Model 600

Prototype model that was never put into production.


Peerlesss records of serial numbers start with 31000, June 26, 1924.

M1/V6
284 SW
1893 SW
M1/V7

14638 FW

M2/V1
18310 SW
26203 SW

M2/V2

I have an older Peerless model 3 and I'm curious about the age. At the beginning of this thread, Franklin says that when Peerless moved from Dwight St. to State St., these cost cutting measures began:

1. thinner steel
2. oval dogs
3. no detents
4. no more trademark stamp
5. no anti-shim notch in ratchet

Is this post definitive?

In a related post:

http://www.network54.com/Forum/261154/t ... 7/peerless

he says that the factory move took place "around 1950". (by the way, there is a link to a very nice chart that I had never seen before in that link, my pair is the same as the one labeled GG and SW69)

My model 3's fit that description exactly, thicker steel, heavier weight, no detents, oval dogs, trademark stamp, and what looks to be the anti-shim notch, based on the patent drawing.

Can I safely assume these are older than 1950?
Quote
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Anonymous3x
Anonymous3x

March 12th, 2012, 10:23 pm #7

I'd hoped one day to do something with this, but I can't.

If anyone wants to mess with Peerless cuffs, here's a start

Franklin


Peerless Handcuff Company
A Massachusetts Domestic Profit Corporation
Incorporated June 22, 1914


Patent No. Filed Granted Inventor

1017955 October 4, 1911 February 20, 1912 George A. Carney
One-half assigned to George H. Littlefield
Patent on swing-through design

1157135 January 2, 1915 October 19, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Smith & Wesson
Patent on construction of three-piece lock body and pawl ditch

1161562 October 6, 1914 November 23, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson
Assigned to James M. Gill
Patent on lock mechanism for double-locking with key (Model 1)

1531451 April 13, 1922 March 31, 1925 Elmer E. Neel
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on lock mechanism using push pin to double-lock (Model 2)

1872857 April 20, 1931 August 23, 1932 Harold Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on improved push pin lock mechanism with anti-shim notch on ratchet (Model 3)

2759349 February 15, 1954 August 21, 1956 S. R. McKee
Assigned to Joseph A. Lorch
Patent on push pin lock mechanism (Model 4)


Patent Model
Constructed of two right-hand cuffs, joined together by single link, using the patent 1161562 lock mechanism that double locks with key. No pawl ditches. Both cuffs marked the same.
Front: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
Rear: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.




Model 1
Uses the patent 1157135 body construction with pawl grooves. Box is heavy, glued cardboard, two piece construction covered with dark burgundy paper, instruction sheet glued to inside of box lid. Exterior box label is glued to narrow end of box with handwritten serial number.
Version
1 Constructed with a left-hand and right hand cuff, joined by single link, with pawl ditch
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
LR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
RR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON

2 Same as version 2 but with early Peerless logo stamped on RR cuff body; this logo has the word
TRADE at top of emblem and MARK at bottom

3 Cuffs joined together by two links
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
no logo

4 Same as version 3 but with Peerless logo on RR, with TRADEMARK at top of emblem and REGISTERED at bottom.

5 Same as version 4 but:
RR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
Peerless logo, rotated 90 degrees clockwise

6 Same as version 5, but with serial numbers on front of both cuffs.

7 Stampings in larger font and serial numbers on front of both cuffs. Stampings same as version 4 except that Peerless logo is rotated 90 degrees clockwise and a comma added after SPRINGFIELD






Model 2
Uses the patent 1531451 lock mechanism that double locks using a push pin. Box is same as Model 1 with revised instructions on inside of box lid.
Version
1 Serial numbers on front of both cuffs.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
Peerless logo rotated 90 degrees clockwise

2 Same as version 1 except that Peerless logo is upright

3 Same as version 2 except that serial number is on LF only

4 Same as version 3, except that patent stampings on LR and RR are:
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
MAR. 31, 1925 MADE IN U.S.A.

5 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PATENT 1017955
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.

6 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PAT. PAT. PENDING
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.










Model 3, later denominated by Peerless as Model 300
Uses barrel key that will become the universal handcuff key employing the patent 1872857 lock
mechanism and anti-shim notch on pawl. Lock body is redesigned.
Version
1 Production starts while patent 1872857 lock mechanism is pending. Serial number on LF is now stamped vertically between keyway and swivel. Box remains the same as Model 2.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

2 After patent 1872857 is granted, it is included on stampings. Serial number on LF.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

3 Peerless moves from 91 Dwight Street to 95 State Street and sets up a new manufacturing facility.
Several modifications are made to the Model 3, presumably to reduce costs. The thickness of all
cuff body pieces are slightly reduced. The anti-shim notch on the ratchet (one element of
the1872857 patent) is eliminated. The dogs that engage the pawl ditch are replaced by stampings
to create the dogs that leave a visible detent on the exterior lock body. The Peerless logo is no longer stamped on the cuffs; all other cuff stampings remain the same, but their orientation on the left cuff changes
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The box is changed to a folded cardboard, two-piece construction with all printed material
printed directly on the cardboard and serial number is stamped. Within this version, there are two variations, based upon the box design. The first has the instructions printed on the inside of the box lid. The second eliminates this and a small, 2-fold, 4 page instruction sheet is substituted.

Model 4 introduced; after it was discontinued, this version of Model 3 was continued.

4 Only stamping on left cuff is serial number on front.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA.
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The instruction sheet is expanded to a 4-fold, 10 page item. Oddly, the illustration on page 1 of the left cuff, serial number 803327, shows the type of patent stamping that now appears only on the right cuff.

5 Same as version 3, except that the # sign appears before the serial number.

6 With the introduction of handcuff testing by the National Institute of Justice, handcuffs must now
bear a model number to receive NIJ certification. The only stamping on the left cuff remains just
the serial number, with # sign.
RF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO. (THE eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA (period after MA eliminated)
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Within this version, there are three variations, based upon the boxes and inserts. The first uses the same box and instruction sheet as versions 4 and 5, but with the addition of a single page Certificate of Compliance regarding NIJ standards. The second uses a single piece, folded box with gray background with black and red printing, but does not have the emblem on the box regarding lifetime warranty; originally this includes instructions with supplemental NIJ sheet and then changes to a multi-folded 8 ½ x 11 sheet that includes NIJ certification information.

7 Markings are no longer stamped, but are mechanically etched only on the front of the cuffs.
Serial number on LF, with # sign
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO (period after CO eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN USA (periods eliminated)

8 Serial number on LF, with # sign.
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENTED
MADE IN USA

Lightweight

Thin model cuff, denominated by Peerless as Lightweight. This was originally introduced as a
version of the Model 4, using the 2759349 patent lock mechanism. After the Model 4 was discontinued and production of the Model 3 resumed, the Lightweight continued as a version of the Model 3.
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Box is two-piece folded cardboard with instructions printed on inside of lid; however, the ink
color is red, rather than black, and a 2-fold, 4 page supplemental instruction sheet included.


Model 4

Introduced as a successor to the Model 3 using the patent 2759349 lock mechanism, originally with a double-bitted key. As a visual indicator that it used a double-bit key, the lock body was stamped with two detents; however, only the lower detent extended through the cuff body to create a dog to engage the pawl ditch. Due to problems with key and lock breakage, the double-bit lock was discontinued and a single-bit key lock introduced. Existing Model 4 stock, with two detents, and repaired cuffs, were retrofitted with the single-bit lock mechanism. Thereafter, no longer serving any purpose, the upper detent was eliminated.
Version
1 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Uses double-bit key and lock bodies have two detents. Serial number on LF.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT 2,759,349
MADE IN U.S.A.

2 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 1, but with two detents on lock bodies and uses single-bit key.

3 Available in 10 oz. steel, 7 oz. steel (Lightweight) and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 2, but with one detent on lock bodies.

Model 400
Two-piece lock body made of sintered steel with elongated detents and square double-lock button.
LF: M-400 (stamped vertically between keyway and swivel)
New circular logo with
PEERLESS
MADE IN ®
U.S.A.
in center, curved at top
SPRINGFIELD
MASSACHUSETTS
curved, at bottom
LF: serial number stamped vertically between keyway and swivel
circular stamping with
MADE IN
U.S.A
in center, curved at top
PATENTS
PENDING
curved, at bottom
Box is same one piece construction as late Model 3 (no lifetime warranty logo) but end flap has
printed sections labeled Serial Finish Model and the information handwritten.

Model 500
Has round detents and round double lock button. Serial number on LF.
Version
1 RF: MADE IN U.S.A (curved)
PEERLESS ®
RR: PATENTED (curved)
MODEL 500

2 Stampings replaced with laser etching. Serial number on LF.
LF: PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: MADE IN U.S.A.
PATENTED
MODEL 500 (etched vertically between keyway and swivel)

3 Same as version 2 except that sculpted swivels are replaced with straight-sided bullet swivels.

Box now has lifetime warranty logo with cuff information stamped on plain end flap.

Model 600

Prototype model that was never put into production.


Peerlesss records of serial numbers start with 31000, June 26, 1924.

M1/V6
284 SW
1893 SW
M1/V7

14638 FW

M2/V1
18310 SW
26203 SW

M2/V2

Larry, you can follow this link in an earlier thread to email peerless direct and give em your cuffs serial number and they can tell you when they were made. (good luck)

http://www.network54.com/Forum/261154/m ... f+question
Quote
Share

Larry
Larry

March 12th, 2012, 10:51 pm #8

I'd hoped one day to do something with this, but I can't.

If anyone wants to mess with Peerless cuffs, here's a start

Franklin


Peerless Handcuff Company
A Massachusetts Domestic Profit Corporation
Incorporated June 22, 1914


Patent No. Filed Granted Inventor

1017955 October 4, 1911 February 20, 1912 George A. Carney
One-half assigned to George H. Littlefield
Patent on swing-through design

1157135 January 2, 1915 October 19, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Smith & Wesson
Patent on construction of three-piece lock body and pawl ditch

1161562 October 6, 1914 November 23, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson
Assigned to James M. Gill
Patent on lock mechanism for double-locking with key (Model 1)

1531451 April 13, 1922 March 31, 1925 Elmer E. Neel
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on lock mechanism using push pin to double-lock (Model 2)

1872857 April 20, 1931 August 23, 1932 Harold Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on improved push pin lock mechanism with anti-shim notch on ratchet (Model 3)

2759349 February 15, 1954 August 21, 1956 S. R. McKee
Assigned to Joseph A. Lorch
Patent on push pin lock mechanism (Model 4)


Patent Model
Constructed of two right-hand cuffs, joined together by single link, using the patent 1161562 lock mechanism that double locks with key. No pawl ditches. Both cuffs marked the same.
Front: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
Rear: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.




Model 1
Uses the patent 1157135 body construction with pawl grooves. Box is heavy, glued cardboard, two piece construction covered with dark burgundy paper, instruction sheet glued to inside of box lid. Exterior box label is glued to narrow end of box with handwritten serial number.
Version
1 Constructed with a left-hand and right hand cuff, joined by single link, with pawl ditch
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
LR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
RR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON

2 Same as version 2 but with early Peerless logo stamped on RR cuff body; this logo has the word
TRADE at top of emblem and MARK at bottom

3 Cuffs joined together by two links
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
no logo

4 Same as version 3 but with Peerless logo on RR, with TRADEMARK at top of emblem and REGISTERED at bottom.

5 Same as version 4 but:
RR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
Peerless logo, rotated 90 degrees clockwise

6 Same as version 5, but with serial numbers on front of both cuffs.

7 Stampings in larger font and serial numbers on front of both cuffs. Stampings same as version 4 except that Peerless logo is rotated 90 degrees clockwise and a comma added after SPRINGFIELD






Model 2
Uses the patent 1531451 lock mechanism that double locks using a push pin. Box is same as Model 1 with revised instructions on inside of box lid.
Version
1 Serial numbers on front of both cuffs.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
Peerless logo rotated 90 degrees clockwise

2 Same as version 1 except that Peerless logo is upright

3 Same as version 2 except that serial number is on LF only

4 Same as version 3, except that patent stampings on LR and RR are:
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
MAR. 31, 1925 MADE IN U.S.A.

5 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PATENT 1017955
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.

6 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PAT. PAT. PENDING
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.










Model 3, later denominated by Peerless as Model 300
Uses barrel key that will become the universal handcuff key employing the patent 1872857 lock
mechanism and anti-shim notch on pawl. Lock body is redesigned.
Version
1 Production starts while patent 1872857 lock mechanism is pending. Serial number on LF is now stamped vertically between keyway and swivel. Box remains the same as Model 2.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

2 After patent 1872857 is granted, it is included on stampings. Serial number on LF.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

3 Peerless moves from 91 Dwight Street to 95 State Street and sets up a new manufacturing facility.
Several modifications are made to the Model 3, presumably to reduce costs. The thickness of all
cuff body pieces are slightly reduced. The anti-shim notch on the ratchet (one element of
the1872857 patent) is eliminated. The dogs that engage the pawl ditch are replaced by stampings
to create the dogs that leave a visible detent on the exterior lock body. The Peerless logo is no longer stamped on the cuffs; all other cuff stampings remain the same, but their orientation on the left cuff changes
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The box is changed to a folded cardboard, two-piece construction with all printed material
printed directly on the cardboard and serial number is stamped. Within this version, there are two variations, based upon the box design. The first has the instructions printed on the inside of the box lid. The second eliminates this and a small, 2-fold, 4 page instruction sheet is substituted.

Model 4 introduced; after it was discontinued, this version of Model 3 was continued.

4 Only stamping on left cuff is serial number on front.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA.
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The instruction sheet is expanded to a 4-fold, 10 page item. Oddly, the illustration on page 1 of the left cuff, serial number 803327, shows the type of patent stamping that now appears only on the right cuff.

5 Same as version 3, except that the # sign appears before the serial number.

6 With the introduction of handcuff testing by the National Institute of Justice, handcuffs must now
bear a model number to receive NIJ certification. The only stamping on the left cuff remains just
the serial number, with # sign.
RF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO. (THE eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA (period after MA eliminated)
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Within this version, there are three variations, based upon the boxes and inserts. The first uses the same box and instruction sheet as versions 4 and 5, but with the addition of a single page Certificate of Compliance regarding NIJ standards. The second uses a single piece, folded box with gray background with black and red printing, but does not have the emblem on the box regarding lifetime warranty; originally this includes instructions with supplemental NIJ sheet and then changes to a multi-folded 8 ½ x 11 sheet that includes NIJ certification information.

7 Markings are no longer stamped, but are mechanically etched only on the front of the cuffs.
Serial number on LF, with # sign
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO (period after CO eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN USA (periods eliminated)

8 Serial number on LF, with # sign.
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENTED
MADE IN USA

Lightweight

Thin model cuff, denominated by Peerless as Lightweight. This was originally introduced as a
version of the Model 4, using the 2759349 patent lock mechanism. After the Model 4 was discontinued and production of the Model 3 resumed, the Lightweight continued as a version of the Model 3.
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Box is two-piece folded cardboard with instructions printed on inside of lid; however, the ink
color is red, rather than black, and a 2-fold, 4 page supplemental instruction sheet included.


Model 4

Introduced as a successor to the Model 3 using the patent 2759349 lock mechanism, originally with a double-bitted key. As a visual indicator that it used a double-bit key, the lock body was stamped with two detents; however, only the lower detent extended through the cuff body to create a dog to engage the pawl ditch. Due to problems with key and lock breakage, the double-bit lock was discontinued and a single-bit key lock introduced. Existing Model 4 stock, with two detents, and repaired cuffs, were retrofitted with the single-bit lock mechanism. Thereafter, no longer serving any purpose, the upper detent was eliminated.
Version
1 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Uses double-bit key and lock bodies have two detents. Serial number on LF.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT 2,759,349
MADE IN U.S.A.

2 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 1, but with two detents on lock bodies and uses single-bit key.

3 Available in 10 oz. steel, 7 oz. steel (Lightweight) and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 2, but with one detent on lock bodies.

Model 400
Two-piece lock body made of sintered steel with elongated detents and square double-lock button.
LF: M-400 (stamped vertically between keyway and swivel)
New circular logo with
PEERLESS
MADE IN ®
U.S.A.
in center, curved at top
SPRINGFIELD
MASSACHUSETTS
curved, at bottom
LF: serial number stamped vertically between keyway and swivel
circular stamping with
MADE IN
U.S.A
in center, curved at top
PATENTS
PENDING
curved, at bottom
Box is same one piece construction as late Model 3 (no lifetime warranty logo) but end flap has
printed sections labeled Serial Finish Model and the information handwritten.

Model 500
Has round detents and round double lock button. Serial number on LF.
Version
1 RF: MADE IN U.S.A (curved)
PEERLESS ®
RR: PATENTED (curved)
MODEL 500

2 Stampings replaced with laser etching. Serial number on LF.
LF: PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: MADE IN U.S.A.
PATENTED
MODEL 500 (etched vertically between keyway and swivel)

3 Same as version 2 except that sculpted swivels are replaced with straight-sided bullet swivels.

Box now has lifetime warranty logo with cuff information stamped on plain end flap.

Model 600

Prototype model that was never put into production.


Peerlesss records of serial numbers start with 31000, June 26, 1924.

M1/V6
284 SW
1893 SW
M1/V7

14638 FW

M2/V1
18310 SW
26203 SW

M2/V2

Thanks for the tip. I have heard from other posts that due to some possible custom runs, it is very possible that serial numbers were re-used.

In any case, I mailed them and we will see what they come up with.

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LK
LK

May 29th, 2012, 8:10 pm #9

I'd hoped one day to do something with this, but I can't.

If anyone wants to mess with Peerless cuffs, here's a start

Franklin


Peerless Handcuff Company
A Massachusetts Domestic Profit Corporation
Incorporated June 22, 1914


Patent No. Filed Granted Inventor

1017955 October 4, 1911 February 20, 1912 George A. Carney
One-half assigned to George H. Littlefield
Patent on swing-through design

1157135 January 2, 1915 October 19, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Smith & Wesson
Patent on construction of three-piece lock body and pawl ditch

1161562 October 6, 1914 November 23, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson
Assigned to James M. Gill
Patent on lock mechanism for double-locking with key (Model 1)

1531451 April 13, 1922 March 31, 1925 Elmer E. Neel
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on lock mechanism using push pin to double-lock (Model 2)

1872857 April 20, 1931 August 23, 1932 Harold Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on improved push pin lock mechanism with anti-shim notch on ratchet (Model 3)

2759349 February 15, 1954 August 21, 1956 S. R. McKee
Assigned to Joseph A. Lorch
Patent on push pin lock mechanism (Model 4)


Patent Model
Constructed of two right-hand cuffs, joined together by single link, using the patent 1161562 lock mechanism that double locks with key. No pawl ditches. Both cuffs marked the same.
Front: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
Rear: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.




Model 1
Uses the patent 1157135 body construction with pawl grooves. Box is heavy, glued cardboard, two piece construction covered with dark burgundy paper, instruction sheet glued to inside of box lid. Exterior box label is glued to narrow end of box with handwritten serial number.
Version
1 Constructed with a left-hand and right hand cuff, joined by single link, with pawl ditch
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
LR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
RR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON

2 Same as version 2 but with early Peerless logo stamped on RR cuff body; this logo has the word
TRADE at top of emblem and MARK at bottom

3 Cuffs joined together by two links
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
no logo

4 Same as version 3 but with Peerless logo on RR, with TRADEMARK at top of emblem and REGISTERED at bottom.

5 Same as version 4 but:
RR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
Peerless logo, rotated 90 degrees clockwise

6 Same as version 5, but with serial numbers on front of both cuffs.

7 Stampings in larger font and serial numbers on front of both cuffs. Stampings same as version 4 except that Peerless logo is rotated 90 degrees clockwise and a comma added after SPRINGFIELD






Model 2
Uses the patent 1531451 lock mechanism that double locks using a push pin. Box is same as Model 1 with revised instructions on inside of box lid.
Version
1 Serial numbers on front of both cuffs.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
Peerless logo rotated 90 degrees clockwise

2 Same as version 1 except that Peerless logo is upright

3 Same as version 2 except that serial number is on LF only

4 Same as version 3, except that patent stampings on LR and RR are:
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
MAR. 31, 1925 MADE IN U.S.A.

5 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PATENT 1017955
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.

6 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PAT. PAT. PENDING
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.










Model 3, later denominated by Peerless as Model 300
Uses barrel key that will become the universal handcuff key employing the patent 1872857 lock
mechanism and anti-shim notch on pawl. Lock body is redesigned.
Version
1 Production starts while patent 1872857 lock mechanism is pending. Serial number on LF is now stamped vertically between keyway and swivel. Box remains the same as Model 2.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

2 After patent 1872857 is granted, it is included on stampings. Serial number on LF.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

3 Peerless moves from 91 Dwight Street to 95 State Street and sets up a new manufacturing facility.
Several modifications are made to the Model 3, presumably to reduce costs. The thickness of all
cuff body pieces are slightly reduced. The anti-shim notch on the ratchet (one element of
the1872857 patent) is eliminated. The dogs that engage the pawl ditch are replaced by stampings
to create the dogs that leave a visible detent on the exterior lock body. The Peerless logo is no longer stamped on the cuffs; all other cuff stampings remain the same, but their orientation on the left cuff changes
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The box is changed to a folded cardboard, two-piece construction with all printed material
printed directly on the cardboard and serial number is stamped. Within this version, there are two variations, based upon the box design. The first has the instructions printed on the inside of the box lid. The second eliminates this and a small, 2-fold, 4 page instruction sheet is substituted.

Model 4 introduced; after it was discontinued, this version of Model 3 was continued.

4 Only stamping on left cuff is serial number on front.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA.
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The instruction sheet is expanded to a 4-fold, 10 page item. Oddly, the illustration on page 1 of the left cuff, serial number 803327, shows the type of patent stamping that now appears only on the right cuff.

5 Same as version 3, except that the # sign appears before the serial number.

6 With the introduction of handcuff testing by the National Institute of Justice, handcuffs must now
bear a model number to receive NIJ certification. The only stamping on the left cuff remains just
the serial number, with # sign.
RF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO. (THE eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA (period after MA eliminated)
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Within this version, there are three variations, based upon the boxes and inserts. The first uses the same box and instruction sheet as versions 4 and 5, but with the addition of a single page Certificate of Compliance regarding NIJ standards. The second uses a single piece, folded box with gray background with black and red printing, but does not have the emblem on the box regarding lifetime warranty; originally this includes instructions with supplemental NIJ sheet and then changes to a multi-folded 8 ½ x 11 sheet that includes NIJ certification information.

7 Markings are no longer stamped, but are mechanically etched only on the front of the cuffs.
Serial number on LF, with # sign
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO (period after CO eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN USA (periods eliminated)

8 Serial number on LF, with # sign.
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENTED
MADE IN USA

Lightweight

Thin model cuff, denominated by Peerless as Lightweight. This was originally introduced as a
version of the Model 4, using the 2759349 patent lock mechanism. After the Model 4 was discontinued and production of the Model 3 resumed, the Lightweight continued as a version of the Model 3.
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Box is two-piece folded cardboard with instructions printed on inside of lid; however, the ink
color is red, rather than black, and a 2-fold, 4 page supplemental instruction sheet included.


Model 4

Introduced as a successor to the Model 3 using the patent 2759349 lock mechanism, originally with a double-bitted key. As a visual indicator that it used a double-bit key, the lock body was stamped with two detents; however, only the lower detent extended through the cuff body to create a dog to engage the pawl ditch. Due to problems with key and lock breakage, the double-bit lock was discontinued and a single-bit key lock introduced. Existing Model 4 stock, with two detents, and repaired cuffs, were retrofitted with the single-bit lock mechanism. Thereafter, no longer serving any purpose, the upper detent was eliminated.
Version
1 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Uses double-bit key and lock bodies have two detents. Serial number on LF.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT 2,759,349
MADE IN U.S.A.

2 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 1, but with two detents on lock bodies and uses single-bit key.

3 Available in 10 oz. steel, 7 oz. steel (Lightweight) and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 2, but with one detent on lock bodies.

Model 400
Two-piece lock body made of sintered steel with elongated detents and square double-lock button.
LF: M-400 (stamped vertically between keyway and swivel)
New circular logo with
PEERLESS
MADE IN ®
U.S.A.
in center, curved at top
SPRINGFIELD
MASSACHUSETTS
curved, at bottom
LF: serial number stamped vertically between keyway and swivel
circular stamping with
MADE IN
U.S.A
in center, curved at top
PATENTS
PENDING
curved, at bottom
Box is same one piece construction as late Model 3 (no lifetime warranty logo) but end flap has
printed sections labeled Serial Finish Model and the information handwritten.

Model 500
Has round detents and round double lock button. Serial number on LF.
Version
1 RF: MADE IN U.S.A (curved)
PEERLESS ®
RR: PATENTED (curved)
MODEL 500

2 Stampings replaced with laser etching. Serial number on LF.
LF: PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: MADE IN U.S.A.
PATENTED
MODEL 500 (etched vertically between keyway and swivel)

3 Same as version 2 except that sculpted swivels are replaced with straight-sided bullet swivels.

Box now has lifetime warranty logo with cuff information stamped on plain end flap.

Model 600

Prototype model that was never put into production.


Peerlesss records of serial numbers start with 31000, June 26, 1924.

M1/V6
284 SW
1893 SW
M1/V7

14638 FW

M2/V1
18310 SW
26203 SW

M2/V2

move to top???
Quote
Share

Ian McColl
Ian McColl

May 30th, 2012, 4:21 am #10

I'd hoped one day to do something with this, but I can't.

If anyone wants to mess with Peerless cuffs, here's a start

Franklin


Peerless Handcuff Company
A Massachusetts Domestic Profit Corporation
Incorporated June 22, 1914


Patent No. Filed Granted Inventor

1017955 October 4, 1911 February 20, 1912 George A. Carney
One-half assigned to George H. Littlefield
Patent on swing-through design

1157135 January 2, 1915 October 19, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Smith & Wesson
Patent on construction of three-piece lock body and pawl ditch

1161562 October 6, 1914 November 23, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson
Assigned to James M. Gill
Patent on lock mechanism for double-locking with key (Model 1)

1531451 April 13, 1922 March 31, 1925 Elmer E. Neel
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on lock mechanism using push pin to double-lock (Model 2)

1872857 April 20, 1931 August 23, 1932 Harold Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
Patent on improved push pin lock mechanism with anti-shim notch on ratchet (Model 3)

2759349 February 15, 1954 August 21, 1956 S. R. McKee
Assigned to Joseph A. Lorch
Patent on push pin lock mechanism (Model 4)


Patent Model
Constructed of two right-hand cuffs, joined together by single link, using the patent 1161562 lock mechanism that double locks with key. No pawl ditches. Both cuffs marked the same.
Front: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
Rear: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.




Model 1
Uses the patent 1157135 body construction with pawl grooves. Box is heavy, glued cardboard, two piece construction covered with dark burgundy paper, instruction sheet glued to inside of box lid. Exterior box label is glued to narrow end of box with handwritten serial number.
Version
1 Constructed with a left-hand and right hand cuff, joined by single link, with pawl ditch
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
LR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
RR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON

2 Same as version 2 but with early Peerless logo stamped on RR cuff body; this logo has the word
TRADE at top of emblem and MARK at bottom

3 Cuffs joined together by two links
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
NOV. 23, 1915
no logo

4 Same as version 3 but with Peerless logo on RR, with TRADEMARK at top of emblem and REGISTERED at bottom.

5 Same as version 4 but:
RR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD MASS.
Peerless logo, rotated 90 degrees clockwise

6 Same as version 5, but with serial numbers on front of both cuffs.

7 Stampings in larger font and serial numbers on front of both cuffs. Stampings same as version 4 except that Peerless logo is rotated 90 degrees clockwise and a comma added after SPRINGFIELD






Model 2
Uses the patent 1531451 lock mechanism that double locks using a push pin. Box is same as Model 1 with revised instructions on inside of box lid.
Version
1 Serial numbers on front of both cuffs.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
PAT. PENDING
Peerless logo rotated 90 degrees clockwise

2 Same as version 1 except that Peerless logo is upright

3 Same as version 2 except that serial number is on LF only

4 Same as version 3, except that patent stampings on LR and RR are:
PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
MAR. 31, 1925 MADE IN U.S.A.

5 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PATENT 1017955
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.

6 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
PAT. PAT. PENDING
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.










Model 3, later denominated by Peerless as Model 300
Uses barrel key that will become the universal handcuff key employing the patent 1872857 lock
mechanism and anti-shim notch on pawl. Lock body is redesigned.
Version
1 Production starts while patent 1872857 lock mechanism is pending. Serial number on LF is now stamped vertically between keyway and swivel. Box remains the same as Model 2.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1157135 1161562 1531451
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

2 After patent 1872857 is granted, it is included on stampings. Serial number on LF.
LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
LR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Peerless logo

3 Peerless moves from 91 Dwight Street to 95 State Street and sets up a new manufacturing facility.
Several modifications are made to the Model 3, presumably to reduce costs. The thickness of all
cuff body pieces are slightly reduced. The anti-shim notch on the ratchet (one element of
the1872857 patent) is eliminated. The dogs that engage the pawl ditch are replaced by stampings
to create the dogs that leave a visible detent on the exterior lock body. The Peerless logo is no longer stamped on the cuffs; all other cuff stampings remain the same, but their orientation on the left cuff changes
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The box is changed to a folded cardboard, two-piece construction with all printed material
printed directly on the cardboard and serial number is stamped. Within this version, there are two variations, based upon the box design. The first has the instructions printed on the inside of the box lid. The second eliminates this and a small, 2-fold, 4 page instruction sheet is substituted.

Model 4 introduced; after it was discontinued, this version of Model 3 was continued.

4 Only stamping on left cuff is serial number on front.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA.
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
The instruction sheet is expanded to a 4-fold, 10 page item. Oddly, the illustration on page 1 of the left cuff, serial number 803327, shows the type of patent stamping that now appears only on the right cuff.

5 Same as version 3, except that the # sign appears before the serial number.

6 With the introduction of handcuff testing by the National Institute of Justice, handcuffs must now
bear a model number to receive NIJ certification. The only stamping on the left cuff remains just
the serial number, with # sign.
RF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO. (THE eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA (period after MA eliminated)
RR: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Within this version, there are three variations, based upon the boxes and inserts. The first uses the same box and instruction sheet as versions 4 and 5, but with the addition of a single page Certificate of Compliance regarding NIJ standards. The second uses a single piece, folded box with gray background with black and red printing, but does not have the emblem on the box regarding lifetime warranty; originally this includes instructions with supplemental NIJ sheet and then changes to a multi-folded 8 ½ x 11 sheet that includes NIJ certification information.

7 Markings are no longer stamped, but are mechanically etched only on the front of the cuffs.
Serial number on LF, with # sign
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO (period after CO eliminated)
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENT
15311451 1872857
MADE IN USA (periods eliminated)

8 Serial number on LF, with # sign.
LF: MODEL 300
PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: PATENTED
MADE IN USA

Lightweight

Thin model cuff, denominated by Peerless as Lightweight. This was originally introduced as a
version of the Model 4, using the 2759349 patent lock mechanism. After the Model 4 was discontinued and production of the Model 3 resumed, the Lightweight continued as a version of the Model 3.
LF: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A
LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PATENT
1531451 1872857
MADE IN U.S.A.
Box is two-piece folded cardboard with instructions printed on inside of lid; however, the ink
color is red, rather than black, and a 2-fold, 4 page supplemental instruction sheet included.


Model 4

Introduced as a successor to the Model 3 using the patent 2759349 lock mechanism, originally with a double-bitted key. As a visual indicator that it used a double-bit key, the lock body was stamped with two detents; however, only the lower detent extended through the cuff body to create a dog to engage the pawl ditch. Due to problems with key and lock breakage, the double-bit lock was discontinued and a single-bit key lock introduced. Existing Model 4 stock, with two detents, and repaired cuffs, were retrofitted with the single-bit lock mechanism. Thereafter, no longer serving any purpose, the upper detent was eliminated.
Version
1 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Uses double-bit key and lock bodies have two detents. Serial number on LF.
RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
RR: PAT 2,759,349
MADE IN U.S.A.

2 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 1, but with two detents on lock bodies and uses single-bit key.

3 Available in 10 oz. steel, 7 oz. steel (Lightweight) and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 2, but with one detent on lock bodies.

Model 400
Two-piece lock body made of sintered steel with elongated detents and square double-lock button.
LF: M-400 (stamped vertically between keyway and swivel)
New circular logo with
PEERLESS
MADE IN ®
U.S.A.
in center, curved at top
SPRINGFIELD
MASSACHUSETTS
curved, at bottom
LF: serial number stamped vertically between keyway and swivel
circular stamping with
MADE IN
U.S.A
in center, curved at top
PATENTS
PENDING
curved, at bottom
Box is same one piece construction as late Model 3 (no lifetime warranty logo) but end flap has
printed sections labeled Serial Finish Model and the information handwritten.

Model 500
Has round detents and round double lock button. Serial number on LF.
Version
1 RF: MADE IN U.S.A (curved)
PEERLESS ®
RR: PATENTED (curved)
MODEL 500

2 Stampings replaced with laser etching. Serial number on LF.
LF: PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
SPRINGFIELD, MA
RF: MADE IN U.S.A.
PATENTED
MODEL 500 (etched vertically between keyway and swivel)

3 Same as version 2 except that sculpted swivels are replaced with straight-sided bullet swivels.

Box now has lifetime warranty logo with cuff information stamped on plain end flap.

Model 600

Prototype model that was never put into production.


Peerlesss records of serial numbers start with 31000, June 26, 1924.

M1/V6
284 SW
1893 SW
M1/V7

14638 FW

M2/V1
18310 SW
26203 SW

M2/V2

what is meant by pawl ditch? and where does this come from??

Ian
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