Why The Sea-Bees?
"* By the time of Wake's capture, more civilians worked and fought beside the military. Commander Cunningham noted in his book that the number of such civilians cited by name by the military survivors of Wake totals 312. That includes only those whose names could be recalled.
However, the fact remains that the majority of the civilians did not participate in the fighting and also refused to do any construction work to aid in the defense. They hid in the scrub during the entire siege. It was largely because of this experience that the navy organized the famous Sea-Bees (construction battalions) which were trained both to build and to fight."
From the book, Wake Island, The Heroic Gallant Fight, by Duane Schultz, 1978