Here is the link to my article on the 60th anniversary of the Hungarian Uprising:
http://www.irishexaminer.com/viewpoints ... 28919.html
While you rightly point out that Hungary was an Axis power during the war, that doesn't give the full flavour of the country. In 1919, the Hungarian Soviets were drowned in blood - by Horthy and his regime which, on a superficial level (it was in reality an authoritarian dictatorship) won elections up until the second world war. The period after the 1919 revolution was one of 'white terror' where it was quite acceptable for communists, socialists and Jews to be murdered by fascist death squads. Horthy passed anti-Semitic laws. During the war, Hungary fought on the Russian Front and participated willingly in the Holocaust, transferring about 500,000 Hungarian Jews to the death camps. At the time of the Soviets arrival, there was a fully fascist regime.
I suppose if the Soviets made a mistake after the war it was allowing some pretence of independence and democracy in a country which had been a willing participant in war crimes.
As it was, the people in the Hungary of 1956 would have been little different (in political and class composition) to that of 1944. Large numbers were violently opposed to any form of socialism and were simply waiting for any opportunity to try and overthrow it and happily use violence too.
I still find it unbelievable that anyone who was actually a communist would leave the party over Hungary 1956.
At a completely different level there are good reasons to argue 'What if?' about the alternatives to establishing peoples democracies in countries where socialist or communist support was small before the war but in any event. as we've seen recently in eastern Europe, those right wing views don't just evaporate in time. Look at the recent rise of fascism in the western part of the Ukraine.