John Gold
John Gold

4:26 AM - Jan 27, 2008 #21

Big rise in lung cancer
Australia's Herald Sun
January 25, 2008

Kamahl Cogdon

AUSTRALIANS are paying a rising price for their past smoking sins, figures show.

Private health insurance claims for lung cancer have soared 21 per cent for women and 24 per cent for men in five years, despite smoking rates falling to record lows.

Health insurance giant MBF said the rise in lung cancer claims from 2002-06 was a deadly legacy of an era of few restrictions on sales of cigarettes and where they were smoked.

Quit Victoria director Fiona Sharkie said more than 80 per cent of lung cancer cases were caused by smoking, and the disease took about 20 years to develop.

Ms Sharkie said 30 per cent of Victorian women and 37 per cent of men smoked 20 years ago.

But now just 16 per cent of women and 20 per cent of men were smokers.

MBF chief medical office Christine Bennett said the rise in lung cancer claims for men was expected because they were heavier smokers than women.

But Ms Bennett said women were gaining.

"The growing number of lung cancer claims for women reflects the health and social impact of a period when the female smoking rate began catching up with that of men," she said.

"Our claims data shows women are paying a high health price for taking up smoking when there were few restrictions on cigarette sales, or curbs on smoking in public places.

"Australia has made significant progress in the past 20 years in reducing smoking rates but we are still experiencing an unfortunate health care legacy."

Ms Sharkie said the fall in Victorian smoking rates was already being reflected in declining numbers of lung cancer cases in the state.

But nationally, lung cancer has risen steadily over the past 20 years, from 6349 new cases in 1986 to an estimated 9187 new cases in 2006, and a forecast 10,302 new cases in 2011.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare figures show the disease claimed the lives of 4733 men and 2531 women in 2004.

Source: (Herald Sun)
Copyright Herald Sun 2008 - All Rights Reserved
Last edited by John Gold on 2:10 PM - Jul 07, 2009, edited 1 time in total.

John Gold
John Gold

10:47 AM - Apr 01, 2008 #22

Smoking after cardiac transplantation

American Journal of Transplantation. 2008 Apr;8(4):866-71.

Botha P, Peaston R, White K, Forty J, Dark JH, Parry G.
Department of Cardiopulmonary Transplantation, Freeman Hospital, High Heaton, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. [][/url]


Although smoking cessation is a prerequisite prior to listing for cardiac transplantation, some patients return to smoking after recovery. We have covertly assessed the smoking habits of our cardiac transplant recipients (with ethical approval) since 1993 by measuring urinary cotinine: a level of >500 ng/mL signifying continued tobacco use. We retrospectively analyzed survival, causes of death and the development of graft coronary artery disease (GCAD) with respect to the number of positive and negative cotinine levels. One hundred four of 380 (27.4%) patients tested positive for active smoking at some point posttransplant, and 57 (15.0%) tested positive repeatedly. Smokers suffered significantly more deaths due to GCAD (21.2% vs. 12.3%, p < 0.05), and due to malignancy (16.3% vs. 5.8%, p < 0.001). In univariate analysis, smoking after heart transplantation shortened median survival from 16.28 years to 11.89 years. After correcting for the effects of pretransplant smoking in time-dependent multivariate analysis, posttransplant smoking remained the most significant determinant of overall mortality (p < 0.00001). We conclude that tobacco smoking after cardiac transplantation significantly impacts survival by accelerating the development of graft vasculopathy and malignancy. We hope that this information will deter cardiac transplant recipients from relapsing, and intensify efforts in improving cessation rates. ... 07.02119.x

Stevo Wev0
Stevo Wev0

4:29 AM - Apr 02, 2008 #23

Hi all,

Oh dear:

"One hundred four of 380 (27.4%) patients tested positive for active smoking at some point posttransplant, and 57 (15.0%) tested positive repeatedly."

I'm guessing, it's not clear in the text, that the numbers refer to those who had given up smoking prior to surgery rather than never-smokers. I'd like to point out before we all condemn the fools that in the UK the health authorities are in bed with the big pharmaceutical companies (they proudly talk of 'deals' on the department of health web site) so it can't be easy for the poor souls after transplant. On the radio it says constantly to '… see your pharmacist' if you want to stop smoking here in England and those adds are paid for by my taxes!

NTAP and don't ingest nicotine


Joined: 7:22 PM - Nov 11, 2008

11:51 PM - Oct 18, 2010 #24

Death by Smoking
How should your family describe your cause of death?
Was it suicide, murder, an accident or stupidity?
Although the below chart was compiled primarily using 2006 United States ,
data, your nation's overall death category percentages may be fairly similar.
Cause of Death How to Prevent These Deaths    2006 Deaths  
AIDS condoms, education, research 12,113
Asthma no prevention, only treatment 3,613
Auto Accidents seatbelts, airbags, highway safety, training 45,316
Bike Accidents reflectors, lights, helmets and training 714
Breast Cancer mammography and medical research 41,210
Diabetes medical research 72,449
Drowning life jackets, swimming lessons, supervision 3,579
Influenza treatment, vaccines 849
Falls awareness, safety harnesses and helmets 20,823
Fires & Burns alarms, extinguishers, education and planning 3,109
Gun Accidents deprive children of access and hunter training 642
Hepatitis vaccine (A&B) and clean needles & testing (C) 7,250
Illegal/Legal Drugs motivation, education and support 24,400
Leukemia research, exercise, diet, and no tobacco 21,944
Lightening stay indoors and wear rubber shoes 57
Liver Disease sound diet, max. 2 oz. of alcohol, research 27,555
Meningitis vaccinations 634
Murder police, courts, prisons, awareness 18,573
Poisoning secure cleaning fluids, poisons and pills 27,531
Prostate Cancer testing, exercise, diet, research 28,372
Shark Attacks awareness, education 1
Skin Cancer limit sun exposure, use screening products 8,441
Snake Bites awareness, boots, vaccines 5
counseling, medication and love 33,300
Syphilis abstinence, condoms, education 36
Tuberculosis treatment, vaccine, education 652
Ulcers avoid tobacco, alcohol and caffeine 3,323

Death by Tobacco
Suicide?  Murder?  Accident?  Stupidity?
© WhyQuit.Com 2010

Why Wear Seatbelts?
Today there are roughly 46 million current smokers in the United States, which is nearly 20% of our entire population.  If 20% of the 45,316 who died in 2006 automobile accidents were smokers, your chances of dying from smoking are roughly 50 times greater than being killed in a vehicle collision.  With those kind of odds, why even wear a seatbelt? With roughly 200,000 middle-aged smokers expected to die from smoking related diseases this year, each an average of 22.5 years early, wouldn't it make more sense to sell the seatbelts and the airbags and use the money for a down payment on a coffin?

I corresponded with a 46 year-old with terminal lung cancer and little time remaining.  We found we had something in common.  She mentioned that she always bought her cigarettes by the pack too because she always believed that tomorrow would finally be the day she quit.  We rolled the same dice.  Her luck ran out.  We both quit smoking.  Sadly, with entirely different outcomes.

Why not stay off of the above list altogether and increase your odds of dying of natural causes at a ripe old age? Why cause your own death and accept 50% odds of losing roughly 5,000 sunrises? Is gradually smoking ourself to death committing suicide? If the world's dirtiest drug delivery device kills you, should your family consider your death to be murder or an accident? You may want to try to explain it to them now.  It might help take the sting out of their coming belief that you loved nicotine more than them.

According to the World Health Organization, each and every day smoking claims more than thirteen thousand lives.  Which cigarette in which pack contains the toxin that gives birth to that first cancerous cell, to the first diseased cell, or that pulls death's trigger in producing a massive heart attack or stroke? 

It isn't that we can't hear the entire world screaming the insanity of us smoking pack after pack. It's that our addicted limbic mind is screaming even louder that smoking nicotine is as important as eating, with quitting akin to starvation.

Nicotine addiction is a disease and "wanting" disorder of the mind that's as permanent as alcoholism and enslaves the same dopamine pathways as illegal drugs. The following two free e-books will make you more dependency recovery savvy and than your addiction is strong. Knowledge isn't just power but a quitting method.


Joined: 7:22 PM - Nov 11, 2008

6:34 PM - Mar 12, 2012 #25

Sadly, the below study asserts that, for the first time, the annual U.S. smoking related deaths has climbed to more than a half million per year, 520,000.   Still just one rule for each of us ... no nicotine today.   John 

Smoking-attributable mortality in the United States. Epidemiology. 2011 May;22(3):350-5.

Rostron B.
Source Department of Demography, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA. [][/url]

Abstract BACKGROUND: Various methods are used to estimate smoking-attributable mortality, but these methods often produce differing results. Most do not provide estimates for specific age groups or directly control for confounding factors.

METHODS: US smoking attributable mortality by age is estimated here based on relative mortality hazards for smokers and observed death rates for never-smokers. Hazard ratios for smokers are estimated through survival analysis of data from adults in the 1997-2004 National Health Interview Survey, followed for mortality through the end of 2006. A variety of possible confounding risk factors are controlled for in the analysis.

RESULTS: There were an estimated 291,000 smoking-attributable deaths among men and 229,000 such deaths among women annually in the United States from 2002 through 2006. These figures are generally consistent with, but somewhat higher than, published estimates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, particularly for women.

CONCLUSION: This method provides reasonable estimates of total and age-specific smoking-attributable mortality in the United States that include controls for potential confounding factors.

PMID:  21378573

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Link:
Last edited by JohnPolito on 6:39 PM - Mar 12, 2012, edited 1 time in total.