Although the below new study fails to address "why" smokers experience greater anger, it confirms that life as an actively feeding nicotine addict involves more intense anger. Just one rule to staying here on the calmer side of dependency's bars (at least once through early withdrawal) ... no nicotine today!!!
Breathe deep, hug hard, live long,
John - Gold x13
Delineating a Relationship Between Problematic Anger and Cigarette Smoking: A Population-Based Study[/b].[/color]
Journal: Nicotine and Tobacco Reserach 2012 May 13. [Epub ahead of print]
Authors: Cougle JR, Zvolensky MJ, Hawkins KA.
Source: Department of Psychology, Florida State University, 1107 W. Call Street, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA. [url=mailto:email@example.com
BACKGROUND: Research implicates a potentially important relationship between anger and smoking, though extant work suffers from a number of limitations, including the absence of controls for psychiatric comorbidity and the use of treatment-seeking samples. The current study sought to examine the unique associations between problematic anger and smoking behavior in a large representative sample.
METHODS: Participants included 5,692 adults from the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication, a nationally representative survey. Assessments of psychiatric diagnoses, smoking behavior, and problematic anger were administered.
RESULTS: Results indicated that problems of anger experience were significantly associated with past-year daily smoking, heavy smoking, and nicotine dependence. After controlling for demographics and psychiatric comorbidity, anger experience was uniquely associated with each of these outcomes. Anger experience also was uniquely associated with lifetime history of smoking cessation failure.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, these population-based data suggest an important relationship between problematic anger and numerous aspects of smoking behavior.
PMID: 22585540 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
PubMed Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22585540