Almost Island Gold
Almost Island Gold

3:00 AM - Apr 13, 2006 #31

Oh yes, Sal, Erica's absolutely right.
Teens think exactly like that and that's the only way to talk about cigs to teens is the way she showed.


John (Gold)
John (Gold)

8:43 PM - May 27, 2006 #32

'One puff' link to future smoking
BBC News - May 24, 2006

Children who try just one cigarette are twice as likely to take up smoking as those who have never tried it, a study funded by Cancer Research UK suggests.

John (Gold)
John (Gold)

4:52 AM - Jun 15, 2006 #33

Last week the U.S. CDC announced that U.S. youth smoking rates actually showed a slight increase this past year. Although many want to attribute the amazing decline of Canadian youth smoking rates to host of influences, a major difference between the two nations is that there is no U.S. youth cigarette pack addiction warning label. As Joel points out in this piece, U.S. youth are still not getting the truth!
CANADA Teen smoking rates plunge to single digits, lowest level ever: StatsCan Tue Jun 13, 07:59 AM EST

By Helen Branswell

OTTAWA (CP) - Neither Andrea Bever, 17, nor Rebecca Chapman, 16 - two typical Toronto teens - has ever owned a pack of cigarettes. Sure, they have smoked the odd one. But neither has acquired a taste for the demon weed - and they plan to keep things that way.

"It just didn't seem like something that was worth it - it seemed pretty pointless," says Bever of her decision, fuelled by concern over smoking's health consequences.

It would appear Chapman and Bever are part of a surging trend - teenagers side-stepping the mistakes of previous generations and turning their backs on tobacco.

New figures released Tuesday by Statistics Canada show only eight per cent of teens report they smoked in 2005, down from 10 per cent in 2003 and 14 per cent in 2000-01.

"This is the first time that it's been in single digits, but there has been a steady decline since the 1980s," Statistics Canada analyst Jason Gilmore said Tuesday.

The data were contained in the Canadian Community Health Survey, a major poll aimed at assessing the health of Canadians. The survey is conducted every two years.

It is based on the responses of about 130,000 Canadians aged 12 and over from every province and territory in the country. First Nations people living on reserves and members of the RCMP and the Armed Forces are not included in the survey.

The 2005 survey showed that 82 per cent of teens aged 12-17 reported they had never smoked cigarettes, up from 73 per cent in 2000-01.

The figures on teen smoking have been changing fast. An Ontario survey that is conducted every two years pegged the rate of teenagers in that province who smoked at 28 per cent in 1999, just six years before the latest Canadian Community Health Survey was conducted.

Social marketing consultant Francois Lagarde calls the sea-change in attitudes towards smoking in Canada "a huge success" built on decades of interventions, public policies and the growing science around the health risks of tobacco.

"As someone said, 40 years ago a father would give a smoke to a teenager to say 'Now you're a man.' This is the last thing a father would think today," says Lagarde, who also teaches social marketing at the University of Montreal.

"But that was happening one or two generations ago. It's pretty amazing."

The sharp declines in teen smoking bode well for the future health of today's teenagers, suggesting as adults they may be at much lower risk than previous generations of developing a myriad of smoking-related diseases, including lung cancer, heart disease, emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Like Bever, many teens cite health consequences as a major reason why they are forsaking smoking, says Edward Adlaf, director of the Ontario Student Drug Use Survey.

Data from the Ontario survey show "quite strongly . . . that we have more and more students who perceive great risk in smoking," says Adlaf, a research scientist at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, which runs the Ontario survey.

"So there's been a hardening of negative attitudes and beliefs about smoking."

Rob Cunningham, a senior policy analyst with the Canadian Cancer Society, credits a basket of public policy measures that have turned smoking from a mainstream habit to almost a fringe activity. Things like high taxes on cigarettes. Large and graphic health warnings on cigarette packs. Restrictions on where people can smoke and curbs on tobacco advertising.

"It is a success story. We've seen very substantial declines in smoking by adults and by kids," Cunningham says.

"But we have to fight every inch of the way. And we have an enormous amount of work that remains to be done."

The message is clearly getting through to kids like Chapman and Bever.

"Well a) it's not good for you. It's horrible on your health. And then b) it's not something I want to like keep doing and then have to go to the trouble of trying to quit," Chapman says matter-of-factly.

"And obviously my parents wouldn't be happy."

Bever, who has a blinding smile, has her own list of smoking turn-offs.

"It's mainly the cancer thing. And the bad breath as well. Yellow teeth - no one wants that."

Chapman concurs: "Girls don't really like kissing boys who've just been smoking. It's not really a turn on."

After decades of trying, it would appear that something may have taken the "cool" out of teen smoking.

"Certainly that may well be," Adlaf admits.

"Not for all. There will still be some experimentation. I think the real key is in ensuring adolescents don't become regular smokers."

That's because the teen years have typically been the time when people are most vulnerable to the marketing allure of smoking - a vulnerability the tobacco industry deliberately exploited in its drive to safeguard profits by hooking replacements for older smokers who quit or die, industry documents that were made public in the late 1990s showed.

"Hook 'em young, hook 'em for life," is the industry's approach to children, former Big Tobacco executive Dr. Jeffrey Wigand - an industry whistleblower whose case was documented in the movie The Insider - testified in public hearings on the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control at the World Health Organization.

The cancer society's Cunningham agrees.

"Very few people begin smoking as adults. The overwhelming majority of smokers begin as teenagers and preteens," he says.

But getting numbers below the current eight per cent may be challenging. Lagarde notes that smoking does appeal to a core - albeit shrinking - of rebellious teens.

"Social norms is not a one-size-fits-all thing," he says.

"Among teenagers there's always a significant number of anti-conformists. And we all went through this at one point in our lives. So we have to realize that if everybody else thinks it's not a good idea, that's enough for a number of them to think that it is."


Top five health regions in Canada with the highest percentage of smokers, according to the Canadian Community Health Survey released Tuesday by Statistics Canada:

Mamawetan-Keewatin-Athabasca (northern Saskatchewan): 35.3

Burntwood-Churchill (northern Manitoba): 35.3

Prince Albert Parkland (Saskatchewan): 31.5

Northern Lights (northern Albera): 30.3

Porcupine (northern Ontario): 30.2

National average: 21.7


Top five health regions in Canada with the lowest percentage of smokers, according to the Canadian Community Health Survey released Tuesday by Statistics Canada:

Richmond (B.C.): 12.6

Fraser North (B.C.): 14.4

North Shore-Coast Garibaldi (B.C.): 15.2

Assiniboine (Manitoba): 15.7

South Vancouver Island (B.C.): 15.9

National average: 21.7


Percentage of the non-smoking population aged 12 and over who are regularly exposed to second-hand smoke in public places, as reported in the Canadian Community Health Survey released Tuesday by Statistics Canada:

Canada: 14.7

Newfoundland and Labrador: 10.1

P.E.I: 5.6

Nova Scotia: 9.2

New Brunswick: 6.8

Quebec: 22.8

Ontario: 13.0

Manitoba: 6.0

Saskatchewan: 9.8

Alberta: 18.1

British Columbia: 10.5

Yukon: 7.9

N.W.T: 13.9

Nunavut: 11.0


Percentage of the population aged 12 and over who are smokers, as reported in the Canadian Community Health Survey released Tuesday by Statistics Canada:

Canada: 21.7

Newfoundland and Labrador: 23.1

P.E.I: 22.2

Nova Scotia: 22.6

New Brunswick: 22.5

Quebec: 24.4

Ontario: 20.7

Manitoba: 20.4

Saskatchewan: 23.8

Alberta: 22.7

British Columbia: 17.8

Yukon: 30.4

N.W.T: 36.0

Nunavut: 52.8

Online story source link:
Copyright © 2006 Yahoo! Canada Co. All Rights Reserved.

Joined: 8:00 AM - Jan 16, 2003

8:16 AM - Jun 29, 2006 #34

From above:

When I say kids don't get it, I don't mean kids lack the common sense to make a rational decision about smoking.
What they don't get is the real information in a manner that helps them understand the magnitude of the danger and the power of the addiction.
Without this understanding, they are not equipped with the ammunition to overcome peer pressure, as well as tobacco promotion tactics by cigarette manufacturers.

Does convenience store tobacco marketing work?

The Use of Scare Tactics
Last edited by Sal GOLD.ffn on 9:09 PM - Aug 19, 2010, edited 1 time in total.


9:31 PM - Aug 10, 2006 #35

I did a program last night where I had six kids who ranged from 14 to 17 years of age who were sentenced in by the local court system for being caught smoking. Normally I feel that many of the kids who get "stuck" in my programs under these conditions often walk away with a deeper appreciation of the problem they are facing--some even seeming appreciative that they had the opportunity to learn the facts that I covered in the session. I didn't get that feeling last night.

In the original article above I wrote, "Yes there are some kids that no matter what you teach them will not listen to any amount of reason." I am afraid that most of the kids from last night fit into this category. Often when I do these programs I pop up posts the next day that I think might help the program participants in the event they look over the site. I don't think that there is much of a chance of that happening with this group.

It really comes down to showing the importance of reaching young people before they are smoking, for once they are in the grip of an active addiction it is a whole lot more difficult to reason with them.


5:09 AM - Sep 09, 2006 #36

From above:

The kid has picked up an addiction that is likely going to kill them. What do I mean by likely? Well for ever thousand 20 year olds who smoke today and don't quit, 6 of them will eventually die prematurely from being murdered (violence), 12 will eventually die prematurely from accidents, and 500 will die from smoking! But at least they are not using drugs. When a parent says this or thinks this, understand, they don't get it either. They never did learn the full extent of the nicotine addiction when they were kids.

John (Gold)
John (Gold)

10:03 PM - Jul 06, 2007 #37

Just One Dose Of Nicotine Affects Brain Structure And Function - Kids Can Become Addicted Within 2 Days Of First Inhaling From A Cigarette05 July 2007

A new study published in the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine shows that 10 percent of youth who become hooked on cigarettes are addicted within two days of first inhaling from a cigarette, and 25 percent are addicted within a month. The study found that adolescents who smoke even just a few cigarettes per month suffer withdrawal symptoms when deprived of nicotine, a startling finding that is contrary to long-held beliefs that only people with established smoking habits of at least five cigarettes per day experience such symptoms.

The study monitored 1,246 sixth-grade students in six Massachusetts communities over four years. Students were interviewed frequently about smoking and symptoms of addiction, such as difficulty quitting, strong urges to smoke, or nicotine withdrawal symptoms such as cravings, restlessness, irritability, and trouble concentrating. Of those who were hooked, half were already addicted by the time they were smoking seven cigarettes per month. As amazing as it may seem, some youth find they are unable to quit smoking after just a few cigarettes. This confirms an earlier study by the same researchers.

Recent research has revealed that the nicotine from one cigarette is enough to saturate the nicotine receptors in the human brain. "Laboratory experiments confirm that nicotine alters the structure and function of the brain within a day of the very first dose. In humans, nicotine-induced alterations in the brain can trigger addiction with the first cigarette," commented Joseph R. DiFranza, MD, professor of family medicine & community health at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and leader of the UMMS research team. "Nobody expects to get addicted from smoking one cigarette." Many smokers struggle for a lifetime trying to overcome nicotine addiction. The National Institutes of Health estimates that as many as 6.4 million children who are living today will die prematurely as adults because they began to smoke cigarettes during adolescence.

"While smoking one cigarette will keep withdrawal symptoms away for less than an hour in long-time smokers, novice smokers find that one cigarette suppresses withdrawal for weeks at a time," explained Dr. DiFranza. "One dose of nicotine affects brain function long after the nicotine is gone from the body. The important lesson here is that youth have all the same symptoms of nicotine addiction as adults do, even though they may be smoking only a few cigarettes per month."

Symptoms of nicotine addiction can appear when youth are smoking as little as one cigarette per month. At first, one cigarette will relieve the craving produced by nicotine withdrawal for weeks, but as tolerance to nicotine builds, the smoker finds that he or she must smoke ever more frequently to cope with withdrawal.

According to DiFranza, the addiction-related changes in the brain caused by nicotine are permanent and remain years after a smoker has quit. This explains why one cigarette can trigger an immediate relapse in an ex-smoker. It also explains why an ex-smoker who relapses after many years of abstinence cannot keep the craving away by smoking one cigarette per month. Unlike the newly addicted novice smoker, a newly relapsed smoker must smoke several cigarettes each day to cope with the craving.


The study was supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse and appears in the July issue of the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. According to the National Institutes of Health, smoking remains the leading preventable cause of death in the United States, accounting for approximately 440,000 deaths annually.

DiFranza worked on this study with UMMS colleagues Judith K. Ockene, PhD, Judith A. Savageau, MPH, Kenneth Fletcher, PhD, Lori Pbert, PhD, Jennifer Hazelton, BA, Karen Friedman, BA, Gretchen Dussault, BA, and Connie Wood, MSW; Jennifer O'Loughlin, PhD, of McGill University; Ann D. McNeill, PhD, of St. George's Hospital Medical School at the University of London; and Robert J. Wellman of both UMMS and Fitchburg State College.

Source: Alison Duffy
University of Massachusetts Medical School Article URL: ... wsid=75953 - view or write opinions



5:08 AM - Oct 04, 2007 #38

A member just sent me a copy of an article related to the above study, wanting to make sure we were aware of it. I saw the study has been getting some press over the past week. John was ahead of the curve though, putting up the article original study a couple of months ago.

I want to attach a couple of comments that I put up in a different string we have at Freedom titled How long does it take to become addicted? I think they fit well into this issue:

Question: How long does it take to become readdicted?

Answer: There is no answer, it was a trick question. You never got unaddicted.*

The question should have been how long does it take to relapse? The answer to this is how long does it take you to secure a cigarette, strike a match or lighter and take a puff? It can happen in an instant if you ever drop your guard.

So how long does it take to secure your quit? It only takes a few seconds, the time that it should take for you to just remind yourself as to why you committed to never take another puff!


*If you look "unaddicted" in the dictionary the word does not exist. This is not surprising considering people who are true addict to substances never lose that addiction.

"Although only 5% of daily smokers surveyed in high school said they would definitely be smoking five years later, close to 75% were smoking 7 to 9 years later."

From our string: Frightening Trends in Teenage Smoking
This clearly indicates that even though kids are addicted early on--they don't often recognize the fact. The only way to avoid becoming an actively using nicotine addict--whether you ever smoked in the past or not is from this point on knowing to never take another puff!


John (Gold)
John (Gold)

3:40 AM - Nov 07, 2007 #39

Over 90% of teenagers who smoke 3-4 cigarettes are trapped into a career of regular smoking which typically lasts for some 30-40 years.

Russell, MA, British Journal of Addiction
February 1990, Issue 85(2): Pages 293-300

The nicotine addiction trap:
a 40-year sentence for four cigarettes
British Journal of Addiction, Feb., 1990, Issue 85(2): Pages 293-300.

Russell MA.
ICRF Health Behaviour Unit, Institute of Psychiatry, Denmark Hill, London, United Kingdom.

It is generally recognized that smoking causes more preventable illness than any other form of drug addiction. Despite this, and unlike the case with other addictions, few services are provided to help people to give it up. Yet nicotine is highly addictive. Its role in the recruitment process, the development of dependence and as a block to smoking cessation are discussed within the context of the typical smoking career.

Over 90% of teenagers who smoke 3-4 cigarettes are trapped into a career of regular smoking which typically lasts for some 30-40 years. Only 35% of regular smokers succeed in stopping permanently before the age of 60, although the large majority want to stop and try to stop. The pharmacological effects of nicotine and other factors that determine dependence on smoking, together with the attitudinal and cognitive factors that determine motivation to stop smoking, are considered within the framework of a decision-making model which reflects the cycles of change in smoking status at different stages of the smoking career. It is argued that, in future intervention strategies, the newly developed treatment approaches should be included to complement traditional motivational approaches based on educational and restrictive measures.

PMID: 2180512 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Link to PubMed Abstract

John (Gold)
John (Gold)

10:16 PM - Apr 30, 2008 #40

Young dying smokers
share nightmares online
Prior to the Internet, the death of a young smoker in their thirties or forties was likely a local news event, if covered at all. But increasingly, young and middle-aged terminally ill smokers, and their surviving families, are realizing the value of their ordeals to worldwide youth smoking prevention efforts and in helping motivate smokers to quit smoking. They are sharing, online, how the richness of life can be snuffed horribly short by not arresting chemical dependency upon smoking nicotine while still time.

A tour guide with a passion for history, a Camel smoker since age 14, Noni Glykos was married at age 30 and gave birth to her only child, a son, at 32. Two months later she was told she had lung cancer, that it had already spread to her brain, and that she only had a few months to live. One month later Noni bravely stood before friends and loved ones at her final birthday party to say goodbye.

Today visitors to WhyQuit watch a video clip of Noni's farewell speech and get a sense of her life through pictures and words. They see her wedding smile, sense her joy at her final Christmas, view her on her death bed and visit her grave. They attend her son's first birthday party and then it hits them, his mom has been dead for six months.

After Noni's story was shared at WhyQuit her family received more than 2,000 e-mails. Most relate to "quitting this nasty addiction that each year takes away so many," writes her brother John. "It is really hard to handle all the love and the emotions that you are sending through the messages but I save them so my children, and most of all Noni's son, will read them when they grow up."

A two-pack-a-day Marlboro smoker, Bryan Lee Curtis starting smoking cigarettes at age 13. Those reading his story view a haunting image of what small cell lung cancer can do to a human body in just 63 days. Having just turned 34, a photograph shows his grieving wife Bobbie clinging to their two-year-old son as Brian lies on his death bed with a photo on his lap taken two months earlier. The earlier picture is of a healthy looking Bryan holding his son Bryan Jr.

Periodic e-mails from Bryan's widow keep visitors updated. "It's almost been 2 years now," Bobbie wrote. "We sit and watch home movies of us. His son is missing him too. Christmas was the worst. He had to go outside and show his dad what he got for Christmas. That really tore me up."

Through her own words and story visitors get to know 44-year-old Kim Genovy, a smoker since age 12. They also read her messageboard postings to struggling quitters at Freedom from Tobacco, WhyQuit's 5,000 member online quitting forum. Kim's words transport readers from getting hooked to her grave.

She shares pictures of a healing scar on her back where doctors ripped out her cancer-riddled left lung, her scalp scar from where they removed a tumor from her brain, and a chemotherapy hairdo that brought chuckles to an otherwise horrific experience.

Following a second brain surgery to remove new tumors, Kim's sister Kelly arrives with news of her passing. But not before Kim left a critical message for smokers.

"Hard to believe it's been 2 years already," Kim writes. "I don't even think of smoking anymore, definitely a thing of the past. My health is too important at this time and the next step is up in the air. Chemo, radiation, surgery or oxygen therapy, maybe all of them. I have 2 brain tumors and a tumor on the adrenal gland. All of these tumors originally spread from the lung cancer I had. Believe me everyone, withdrawal was and is so much easier than this 2-year cancer battle I have been fighting. The craves disappeared, the cancer hasn't."

WhyQuit visitors meet Debra Scott, a 38-year-old mother of two daughters, one age eleven. Debra has been diagnosed with stage-four lung cancer. A pack-a-day smoker who started at 11 or 12, through periodic diary entries Debra provides a first-hand account of the living nightmare of knowing you are dying, watching your health and abilities gradually decline, losing your job, watching the medical bills mount, and worry about leaving a young child motherless.

On March 17, 2008 Debra wrote, "I am so tired and I ache and I'm sick all the time. Right now I'm struggling so hard. I'm depressed, bad." "I just can't handle anything." "I try to come off like I'm so strong, I can handle this and just deal but I can't do it. I can't do any of it. I just want to lock myself in my room and sleep or cry whichever comes first." It isn't a pretty picture Debra paints but one smokers would be wise to ponder while still time.

Visitors are also introduced to notable smoking victims such as playwright Lorraine Hansberry, who wrote "Raisin in the Sun" and died of lung cancer at age 34, and actress Carrie Hamilton, daughter of Carol Burnett, lost to lung cancer at 38.

The most recent notable recognized at WhyQuit is popular Toronto radio DJ Chris "Punch" Andrews who died of lung cancer on March 30, 2008 at age 43. Visitors watch a YouTube memorial video clip which shares Punch's life and journey. During the video Punch tells viewers, "I see now the kids that were me. They're smoking because they think it's cool. It's nothing. There's nothing good about it. It's the one thing in this world that there is nothing good about it. If you don't smoke, don't start. If you smoke, quit. It's that simple."

Created on July 15, 1999, although WhyQuit presents young tobacco victim stories in an obvious attempt to motivate smokers to consider quitting, it's bigger mission is in transforming motivation into successful nicotine cessation.

An all-volunteer forum that sells nothing and actually declines donations, visitors soon discover that WhyQuit is home to the Internet's largest collection of original quitting materials that include nearly 200 articles, 64 video quitting lessons by Joel Spitzer -- who is probably America's premier quit smoking counselor -- is home to Joel's free electronic stop smoking book entitled "Never Take Another Puff," to quitting tip guides, and 350,000 support group messages indexed on 22 subject matter message boards.

While millions of words at WhyQuit, they all boil down to one rather simple rule. It's what WhyQuit terms the "Law of Addiction" ... no nicotine today, never take another puff, dip or chew!


9:10 PM - Sep 29, 2008 #41


Joined: 8:00 AM - Jan 16, 2003

8:21 AM - Dec 31, 2008 #42

In honor of Erica's 5 year anniversary:
Written by Erica in message #8 :
This is a very interesting topic. I am 22 now and I started smoking when I was 14 years old, a freshman in high school.
Now this was not a situation where I took as cigarette as an experiment thinking it'd be just that once or only once in a while. I had the full, deliberate intention of becoming a full-fledged smoker. I started smoking with the full intention of becoming addicted to cigarettes.
Want to hear something really disturbing? I was thrilled to the bone the first time I had a physical cigarette craving. (We called them "nic-fits".) I remember: I was sitting in class, and I felt a peculiar tickle in my throat and an indescribably subtle sort of clamping feeling in my brain. What's that feeling? Suddenly I realized that smoking a cigarette would make that feeling go away. Hooray! I was a real smoker! I was addicted!

It just absolutely turns my stomach to write about this now. I hadn't thought about that moment in years; maybe not since it happened. Why did I think in this way? What kind of incredibly screwed-up moral landscape must I have had to not only deliberately become a drug addict but to feel genuinely happy when they addiction really started taking hold?

It's a good question and I think that to understand the answer it's important to think back to our teenaged years. Experiences vary widely; however, most people's adolescence is characterized by sullenness, recalcitrance, rapidly shifting self-images, and an intense desire to win favor with one's peers and most pertinently to thwart adult authority figures. I do not think that there is anything inherently bad about this state of mind--sure it's tough and in the end very self-defeating, but it's a necessary step in the blossoming into sentience (sp?) for most people.

I say that the desire to flout authority is "most pertinent" for a reason: I think that this is responsible for a lot of kids starting smoking. I know it was a major, major factor in my personal decision.
I was a very sullen, depressed teen girl, cursed with a prohibitively large vocabulary and very few social skills. I was angry. I felt cheated. By whom, and out of what? Who knows. But I had the vague yet firmly held conviction that my parents and especially the teachers and administrators at my school were deeply responsible for this dissatisfaction. This is not totally unreasonable; the faculty at my school were in fact largely ignorant and reprehensibly tyrannical and seemed to enjoy making things difficult for teens. So what could I do? The opposite of whatever they wanted me to do, that's what!!!! "Don't drink. Don't smoke. Don't do drugs." You can bet that I did all of these things as much as I could. There were other reasons--it was fun, it gave me sort of a common ground with a lot of my peers--but I remember vividly feeling that the best part of it all was being a "bad kid".

It's important to understand the dynamics of this sort of thing, particularly if you're going to try and talk to teenagers about substance use and abuse. Most health educators make the tremendous mistake of trying to convince kids that it's "not cool" to do these things. "It's not cool. It won't make you popular. It won't make you feel good." This is a disastrous tack to take. What these people need to understand is that in the eyes of many if not most teens, whatever they endorse, in almost any category, will be immediately branded as dorky and undesirable. That's just how it works. Besides, telling people that these things will not make them feel good is a bald-faced lie. They most certainly will, at first. I loved smoking when I was young. So having told one obvious lie, everything else that the educator has said also becomes suspect--including legitimate information about how awful these things are.

So the upshot of this long-winded diatribe is that I think that if one wants to make a difference with teens, and actually convince a large number of them that they should not start smoking cigarettes, one must do so with straight unadulterated information. No opinions about what is or is not cool or fun. No "shoulds" and "shouldn'ts". Just: smoking makes you die. Horribly and painfully. And in the meantime it makes you a pathetic addict with an incredibly low quality of life. Pictures like the ones on I am certain that this is the approach that Joel takes when he talks to high-schoolers and that it is infinitely more successful than the transparent propaganda that I was offered in high school.

I don't blame anyone for guiding me towards the decision to smoke. That was a decision that I and I alone made. Yet I feel that I might not have felt this perverse desire to start had not the adults around me been so incredibly clueless about how to educate teens in such a way that they will actually listen.
Teenagers aren't stupid but they are naive and misguided. It's a shame that so many of them turn to smoking as a way to express all the bitterness and fresh young cynicism that they feel during this confusing and painful time of emotional and social upheaval. I hope greatly that this trend is dealt with; I was foresighted enough to quit but a lot of those kids who started smoking when I did are still smoking and will smoke until it kills them. Thoughtfulness and a little strategic psychology on the part of educators goes a long, long way. Like I said I'll bet Joel does a great job with these teens.


Joined: 7:22 PM - Nov 11, 2008

12:59 AM - Nov 05, 2009 #43

Austria has highest percentage
of 15-year-old smokers
By Lisa Chapman - November 4, 2009 - Austrian Times
Austria has the highest percentage of 15-year-old smokers, 25 per cent, in Europe, according to a Vienna doctor.

Manfred Neuberger, the head of the preventive-medicine division at Vienna Medical University, added today (Weds) that the number of Austrian youth who smoked had been steadily increasing since 1997 and that 145,891 Austrians aged 11 to 17 smoked.

Noting the average age at which young people began smoking had fallen to 11, he said: "The younger one begins, the worse the consequences will be."

Neuberger claimed the government had been doing too little to get young people not to smoke. "It is easier to buy cigarettes than groceries," he said, adding the government should use the 60 million Euros in cigarette taxes that young smokers paid annually to pay for a campaign of prevention of smoking.

He called protection of non-smokers in Austria "a health and political time bomb" and said the country was on the level of the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Hungary, Albania and Serbia in that regard.

The doctor cited polls in Styria and Upper Austria that had shown 91 per cent of people who visited nightspots felt harmed by secondary smoke and 60 per cent of them wanted the law on smoking toughened.

Tamas Fazekas from Vienna's St. Anna Children's Hospital called for "an absolute ban on smoking in public areas. We are already finding illnesses in children that previously occurred only in adults." She warned that pregnant women's exposure to secondary smoke could lead to premature births and development of asthma in young children.

She also claimed exposure of children to secondary smoke made it more likely they would start smoking and noted 80 per cent of children of smokers became smokers themselves.

"We need to make it clear to adults that nicotine is not only a poison that harms children but that they also need to set a good example by not smoking," she added.

The doctors' announcements came on the occasion of an event promoting the EU campaign "HELP - For a Smoke-Free Life" in Vienna. The campaign featured more than 300 events in all 27 EU member states today.
Source Link - Copyright 2009 Austrian Times

Thanks to Vienna for bringing this story to our attention!!

As an aside, Professor Neuberger and I served as co-authors on a 2007 paper
entitled, "Critical Review, Nicotine for the Fetus, the Infant and Adolescent"


Joined: 2:04 PM - Nov 13, 2008

4:39 PM - Aug 07, 2012 #44


Joined: 7:22 PM - Nov 11, 2008

10:14 AM - Jun 23, 2014 #45

Doctors to vote on cigarette 
sale ban for those born after 2000
The Guardian - Haroon Siddique  Monday 23 June 2014

In 2012, 23% of pupils in England aged 11-15 had tried smoking at least once (picture posed by models). Photograph: Catchlight Visual Services/Alamy

Doctors are to vote on whether to push for a permanent ban on the sale of cigarettes to anyone born after the year 2000 in an attempt to protect the next generation of children from the deadly effects of smoking.

If the motion is passed at the British Medical Association's annual representatives' meeting on Tuesday, the doctors union will lobby the government to implement the policy in the same way it successfully pushed for a ban on lighting up in public places and on smoking in cars carrying children, after votes in 2002 and 2011 respectively.

Tim Crocker-Buque, a specialist registrar in public health medicine who proposed the motion, said the idea was that "the 21st-century generation don't need to suffer the hundreds of millions of deaths that the 20th-century generation did".

"Cigarette smoking is specifically a choice made by children that results in addiction in adulthood, that is extremely difficult to give up. Eighty percent of people who smoke start as teenagers. It's very rare for people to make an informed decision in adulthood. The idea of this proposal is to prevent those children who are not smoking from taking up smoking."

In 2012, 23% of pupils in England aged 11 to 15 had tried smoking at least once, according to official figures, although the proportion has been decreasing since 1996, when it was 46%. Of current smokers or those who smoked regularly at some point in their life, 66% said they started smoking before they were 18. The age at which someone can be legally sold cigarettes rose from 16 to 18 in 2007.

George Butterworth, Cancer Research UK's tobacco policy manager, said steps to tackle the 100,000 lives a year lost to smoking should continue and described the proposal as an interesting idea.

"There are more than 10 million smokers in the UK, and it's just not practical to ban smoking. But we do want to encourage and support smokers to quit, and to do all we can to stop children from starting in the first place."

Similar proposals have been put forward in Singapore and in Tasmania, Australia, where, in 2012, the upper house passed a ban on selling cigarettes to anyone born after 2000 but it has not been passed by the lower house.

Simon Clark, the director of the smokers' group Forest, argued that criminals would simply take over the supply of cigarettes to people who could not buy them legally.

"We already have legislation designed to stop children smoking. Enforce those laws and ban proxy purchasing," he said. "The idea that free-thinking adults could be barred from buying cigarettes because of the year in which they're born is both preposterous and discriminatory. It's arbitrary, unenforceable and completely illiberal."

A spokesman for the Tobacco Manufacturers' Association described the proposal as "a poorly thought through tobacco control measure. The BMA should reject this nonsensical measure and instead focus on measures likely to reduce young people's access to tobacco."

The motion proposed by Crocker-Buque was passed at the BMA's public health conference in February.

Copyright 2014 - The Guardian

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8:11 AM - Mar 08, 2016 #46

California poised to join Hawaii in raising smoking age to 21

Like most of us, a whopping 95% of adult smokers started smoking before age 21. As reviewed in this New York Times Editorial, the newest youth smoking prevention measure sweeping the globe may soon make it illegal for millions of 18-year-old high school students to purchase cigarettes.

Raise the Legal Age for Cigarette Sales to 21

MARCH 5, 2016
California could soon raise the legal age for buying cigarettes and other tobacco products to 21, from 18. That change could help prevent many young people from becoming addicted and reduce premature deaths from lung cancer and other tobacco-related diseases.

The California Assembly last week joined the State Senate in passing a package of bills that would raise the age; regulate electronic cigarettes in the same ways as conventional cigarettes, including restricting where they can be used; and allow local governments to impose taxes on tobacco products.

The bills now go back to the Senate for final passage. Gov. Jerry Brown should sign these measures, because they would significantly improve public health. In addition, residents of the state will get to vote in November on increasing the statewide tax on cigarettes by $2 per pack.

Last year, Hawaii became the first state to pass a law to raise the legal age for purchasing tobacco to 21. More than 100 cities and counties, including Boston, New York City and Suffolk County in Long Island have also adopted the policy.

Four states — Alabama, Alaska, New Jersey and Utah — set the legal age at 19, and the rest set it at 18. Unfortunately, in January, Gov. Chris Christie vetoed legislation that would have changed New Jersey’s legal sale age to 21.

The biggest reason to raise the legal age to 21 is to reduce young people’s access to tobacco when they are more likely to become addicted and when their brains are still developing. Studies have found that nicotine, the main addictive ingredient in cigarettes, can impair cognition among young people. About 90 percent of adult smokers first use cigarettes before turning 19, and almost all smokers start before age 26, according to an Institute of Medicine study published last year.

The study also found that raising the age to 21 nationwide would reduce access to cigarettes for people under 18, because most children get tobacco from slightly older friends and relatives. Over all, the study concluded that changing the age to 21 should prevent 223,000 premature deaths and collectively add 4.2 million years to the lives of those born between 2000 and 2019.

There is broad public support for making it harder for young people to buy tobacco. Nearly 75 percent of adults surveyed supported changing the age to 21, according to a 2015 paper by researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Big majorities of former and even active smokers support the change.

Some will surely argue that setting a higher age for cigarette sales infringes on young people’s rights. California lawmakers who subscribed to such arguments put in a needless exception allowing active-duty military troops to buy cigarettes and other tobacco products at age 18. But there is a clear public interest in increasing the age for everybody, just as there was a compelling reason to make 21 the legal age to buy alcohol. That policy, adopted state by state over time, helped reduce drunken driving, saving nearly 22,000 lives between 1975 and 2002, according to the Department of Transportation.

California is often at the vanguard of important policy changes. The state’s move toward raising the legal age to buy cigarettes should inspire other states to take similar steps to protect young people.

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A version of this editorial appears in print on March 6, 2016, on page SR8 of the New York edition with the headline: Raise the Legal Age for Cigarette Sales.

Copyright 2016 The New York Times Company