Smoking reduces survival in young females with
lung adenocarcinoma after curative resection
Medical Oncology. 2011 Jan 30. [Epub ahead of print]
Liu M, Jiang G, Ding J, Fan J, He W, Zhang P, Song N.
The aim of this study was to investigate effects of smoking on the overall survival of young female lung adenocarcinoma patients after curative resection. A total of 282 surgically treated young females (younger than 40) with histologically confirmed primary lung adenocarcinoma were studied retrospectively.
Overall survivals (OS) and related prognostic factors were analyzed. The 5-year OS of current-smokers and non-smokers were 20 and 36.6%, respectively (P = 0.03). As for patients with stage I disease, the 5-year OS of current-smokers and non-smokers were 50 and 68.8%, respectively, (P = 0.02). Smoking (RR = 3.15, CI 1.726-8.786) was identified as an independent prognostic factor. Current-smokers (21.4 vs. 14.5%, P = 0.03) and non-smokers (37.9 vs. 28.8%, P = 0.02) all benefited from adjuvant chemotherapy.
Among young female patients with adenocarcinoma, current-smokers have a lower survival rate than non-smokers, especially patients with stage I disease.