If cigarettes were as deadly as you say they are...

If cigarettes were as deadly as you say they are...

Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

October 12th, 2000, 8:27 pm #1

Joel's Reinforcement Library


"If Cigarettes Were as Deadly as You
Claim They Are, The Government
Would Not Sell Them!"


Whenever I do my first day slide presentation, members of the audience often openly express this sentiment. We explain how smoking causes heart disease, cancers, circulatory conditions, emphysema and many other deleterious conditions. We go on further to claim that cigarette smoking is the number one most preventable cause of death in the United States, causing an excess of 434,000 premature deaths yearly. This is more deaths than those caused by all accidents, infectious diseases including AIDS, murders, suicides, diabetes, atherosclerosis, kidney disease and liver disease combined. More Americans will die this year from cigarette smoking than all the Americans killed in 24 years of battle deaths from World War I, World War II, the Korean War and the Viet Nam War, combined!

These statistics are staggering. Many smokers assume that if cigarettes were this dangerous they would not be allowed legally on the market. Chemicals like cyclamates, red dyes and other carcinogens are pulled off the shelf. Cigarettes are sold, so they must be safer. People thus suspect that my figures must be greatly exaggerated.

In response to this skepticism, let me explain that these figures originate with the United States Surgeon General's Reports. Since 1964, these reports have been produced annually by the government's office of Health and Human Services. The reports review all studies and available information, not only from America but from all over the world. The general consensus for over 20 years of accumulated data is that cigarettes are killers.

Some people assume that the government is exaggerating how deadly cigarettes are. This is not very likely. If the government was going to mislead the public on the dangers of smoking, it would be denying the dangers, not exaggerating them.

The United States Government has had a strong vested interest in tobacco production and dissemination. In 1984 tax revenues generated from tobacco products exceeded 6 billion dollars annually. The government owned close to one billion dollars of surplus tobacco. Even with this strong vested interest, the report that year claimed that over 300,000 Americans died prematurely from cigarette smoking that previous year.

Before 1964, the U.S. Government did not issue much information about the dangers of smoking. Other developed countries without vested interests were warning their citizens of the inherent dangers of cigarettes. Today, the evidence is so conclusive that the government recognizes its obligation to report the facts. The United States government, medical associations, and the general world-wide medical community all agree that cigarettes are lethal.

Consider this information when confronted with what some ads call the smoking controversy. The only controversy is with the tobacco industries. They claim their product is harmless and offers great advantages to their customers who smoke it. This "harmless" product is everything but harmless. It is addictive. It is expensive. It is deadly. Consider all this and remember- NEVER TAKE ANOTHER PUFF!



© Joel Spitzer 1984, 2000
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

February 6th, 2001, 9:38 pm #2

For Hal:

The statistics in the original article here have altered slightly. With the drop in the number of smokers we have also seen a drop in the smoking related deaths. The latest estimates are showing that approximately 418,000 Americans die annually from smoking induced deaths. Comparing this to the vietnam war deaths loses a little something in getting the overall magnitude of the problem. The original post here was saying that more people died from smoking in one year than all "American Battle Deaths" in the 20th century wars.

But if you now look at all Americans killed in the major 20th century conflicts, including all battle deaths, accidental deaths, diseases developed while in battle, etc., more Americans die from cigarettes in every one and a half years than all these deaths combined. The implications are again staggering. For decades now the surgeon general has classified tobacco smoking as the most preventable cause of death in the United States. It is the only legal product that if used as intended by its manufacturer will kill you. It has been called slow motion suicide. However you look at it or what ever cute catch phrases we give it the bottom line is cigarettes were killing you in the past. If you ever give them the opportunity they will likely finish off their goal. They will continue to take plenty of people around you but you can avert a similar fate if you stay focused on the fact that to save your life you must never take another puff!

Joel
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:59 pm

February 7th, 2001, 3:51 am #3

Thanks Joel. Those statistics are staggering. I heard on TV that 25% of adults over 18 in the U.S. are smokers. That made me think that is a pretty good voting block that the politicians do not want to antagonize, in addition to the tax revenue that would be lost if cigarettes were regulated. Reached 70 days today smober.

Thank you again for your hard work, wisdom, and support

Hal
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:58 pm

April 3rd, 2001, 11:47 pm #4

The truth really hurts!
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

June 5th, 2001, 7:02 pm #5

I really like this new feature of easily being able to go back a month at a time. It helps to be able to periodically bring up strings that have not circulated in a while.
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Joined: December 19th, 2008, 12:00 am

June 5th, 2001, 7:57 pm #6

Very interesting!
Thanks for the Stats Joel
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:58 pm

August 4th, 2001, 9:38 am #7

Great facts Joel! With about 400,000 Americans alone dying a year from smoking - I like to ask smokers if they would fly an airline that reported a loss of 400,000 passengers due to crashes in one year...would they likely fly that airline with chances like that? Sounds unrealistic but pretty scary.
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

January 24th, 2002, 9:56 pm #8

I did a program last night that had two young people sentenced to come to it by the courts for getting caught smoking, one 14 and one 17. The 14 year old who said she didn't really smoke also said that if cigarettes were as bad as I said they were the government wouldn't sell them. In the longshot that she actually comes to look at the site, I thought I had better get this one up here for her.

Also, John had put together a really good piece with plenty of documentation addressing this very issue in the link at Whyquit.com called "Is the Risk of death exaggerated." Again, just in case she comes by I thought it would be good to have this information available to her, and anyone else who ever questions for a second that the effort to stay smoke free is a real effort in saving your health and your life. To make this effort end in success simply entails always remembering to never take another puff!

Joel
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

February 18th, 2002, 8:25 pm #9

It seems from the parade I started yesterday that many members find themselves listening to the excuses of others as to why they cannot or don't want to quit smoking. I figured I'd bring up a few articles so you can dispel such myths--if not to the smoker at least for yourself. The only reason these people "can't" quit yet is that they are still refusing to accept the the fact that to stay smoke free that they must never take another puff!

Joel
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

October 17th, 2002, 1:46 am #10

For Linda

Also, the below two articles need to be attached here now. We are not dealing with an American epidemic--we are dealing with a world-wide pandemic!
Recommend (0 recommendations so far) Delete Message 25 of 27 in Discussion
From: Joel. Sent: 10/12/2002 6:49 AM
October 11, 2002

WHO Raises Smoking Death Toll, Urges Tobacco Treaty By Richard Waddington
GENEVA (Reuters) - The World Health Organization on Friday urged countries to reach a global deal on curbing tobacco use, warning that hundreds of thousands more were dying each year from smoking than previously thought.

The United Nations agency said it had revised its annual death toll for smoking-related diseases to 4.9 million people from 4.2 million in part because of better research into cardiovascular disease in developing countries.

"This means our estimate for 10 million deaths a year by 2030 is also probably an underestimate," said Derek Yach, head of non-communicable diseases at WHO.

Based on current trends, tobacco could soon become the leading cause of premature death worldwide, killing more than HIV/AIDS, maternal mortality, car accidents, homicide and suicide combined, health activists say.

The WHO's 192 member states gather in Geneva on Tuesday for 10 days of further negotiations on a treaty--the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)--to wean the world off smoking.

Some states already have strict laws, including limits on age and where people can smoke as well as restrictions on the activities of tobacco companies, but many developing countries have virtually no legislation.

The proposed pact, the first global attempt to kick the habit, has been under discussion for four years and is supposed to be agreed by the next WHO annual meeting set for May 2003.

"This is a critical moment for the negotiations. The technical work is now complete. The time has come for all countries to show their determination about curbing the tobacco epidemic," said WHO Director-General Gro Harlem Brundtland.

States will have before them a draft text, drawn up by chief negotiator ambassador Luiz Felipe de Seixas Correa of Brazil, that seeks to tackle the key issues of advertising, promotion and sales, and cigarette smuggling.

The plan calls for states to draw up laws and regulations for "preventing and reducing tobacco consumption, nicotine addiction and exposure to tobacco smoke," including passive smoking.

On compensation for smokers suffering illness, an issue highlighted by last week's record US award of $28 billion in damages for a 64-year-old with lung cancer, it asks countries to share information and research results.

The text also urges the gradual elimination of advertising and the suppression of terms such as "mild" or "low tar," which the WHO considers to be misleading because they give the impression that these cigarettes are less dangerous.

But the draft has been attacked by activists for not being tough enough on advertising and marketing through which the big tobacco companies entice young people into smoking.

They accuse the United States, Japan and Germany, in particular, which are home to large tobacco concerns, of working against outright bans on publicity.

WHO officials say that stopping the young starting is the best way to cut the smoking death rate. But in some developing countries more than 60% of 13-15 year olds use tobacco.



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Recommend (0 recommendations so far) Delete Message 26 of 27 in Discussion
From: Joel. Sent: 10/16/2002 12:03 PM
From the World Health Organization's Website

WHO Atlas maps Global Tobacco epidemic

15 October 2002|GENEVA -- Tobacco kills 560 people every hour or 13,400 people per day or 4.9 million people per annum. This death and disease toll spares no nations and no people. WHO's new Tobacco Atlas presents a visual view of this galloping worldwide epidemic. The Atlas provides detailed data from countries on the differences and similarities of the global tobacco control struggle. The comparative data shows that action - or inaction - of one country can affect the work of another.

"The Tobacco Atlas highlights, in an educational and creative fashion, diverse features of this important global epidemic," said Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General, World Health Organization " Its simple presentation of complex epidemiological and statistical information allows everybody to understand the facts and use them effectively."

The Atlas is being promoted as a tool for policy makers as they seek to formulate national and international regulations on tobacco control. Tobacco consumption is increasing all over the world and will kill 8.4 million people a year by year 2020 if drastic control measures are not put into effect. One in two of today's young smokers will die from tobacco-related causes. The developing countries will bear the brunt of the death toll, accounting for over 70 percent of the projected deaths.

The Tobacco Atlas, produced in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, USA, provides a unique statistical profile of the epidemic. Visual presentations, such as colour maps and graphics, make thousands of statistics spring to life on a variety of tobacco issues. Among the presentations are similarities and differences between countries, the conduct of the tobacco companies, gender differences in tobacco consumption, investments by tobacco industry, the costs of tobacco use and illicit trade and litigation.

"Action taken today will determine the reality of tomorrow. The Atlas is a valuable resource in fighting the tobacco epidemic," said Dr Judith Mackay, author of the Atlas and Senior Policy Advisor to the Tobacco Free Initiative of the World Health Organization. The co author of the Atlas is Dr Michael Eriksen, former Director of the US Office on Smoking and Health and current consultant at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The Tobacco Atlas comes at a time when WHO's Member States meet in Geneva for the fifth round of negotiations on the proposed Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). The Convention is scheduled to be ready by May 2003.

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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

December 4th, 2002, 5:49 am #11

Worldwide, 4.9 million people
are dying every year
from cigarette smoking.
World Health Organization Estimates
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

February 28th, 2003, 8:34 pm #12

I just saw a post where one member was saying how angry she got when she saw people smoking now and how stupid it all was. I think she meant how angry she was at herself for having smoked for so long, but this feeling can often be interpreted as being angry at smokers and thinking that they are stupid. People don't smoke because they are stupid, but they smoke because they are drug addicts.

Keep in mind, whey you are dealing with people who have smoked for over 40 years, most of them got addicted before there was ever any health warnings on tobacco. They didn't know it was dangerous when they started. People smoking longer than 10 years didn't know that they were taking up an addictive product. Yes they knew it was dangerous--but they never intended on smoking that much or smoking that long when they first took it up.

Even people taking it up today are not sufficiently warned of how addictive and how dangerous this product is. Of course they know its dangerous and they now hear it is addictive, but very few people realize just how dangerous and how addictive.

If people are asked to rank cigarette smoking dangers compared to the dangers posed by pollution, or illegal drugs, or alcohol induced illnesses, or violence in our society, or the risks of being killed by a drunk driver, or the risk of infectious diseases like pneumonia or AIDS, cigarettes may end up in the middle or maybe even at the bottom of the list. In America, more people die from smoking than people killed in ALL accidents, murders, all suicides, all infectious diseases, all diabetes, all cirrhosis and all olf the AIDS deaths all combined.

Most people don't grasp the true magnitude of the dangers. Also, must people don't realize the true grip of the addiction that nicotine exerts. Worse of all, very few people are given any real understanding of how to take control of the addiction once it has been established. The combination of all of this lack of understanding leaves people ripe from taking up smoking and totally unprepared for getting off of it when they want to quit.

Try to see smokers for who they really are. They are drug addicts who very often do not have the understanding and tools in place to break free of their addiction. You do have the understanding and hopefully at some point they may turn to you for help. When they do share with them what we have shared with you. Help them understand that you were once where they were--you didn't understand why you smoked, why you should stop, how to stop and how to stay off. But once you learned all of this you were able to quit and have proven by example that you have been able to stay off. The example you will have proven is that you have stuck with your commitment to never take another puff!

Joel
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:58 pm

June 19th, 2003, 1:57 pm #13

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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

August 16th, 2003, 10:49 am #14

U.S. Members Watch CBS Sunday Morning News Aug. 17th

COVER STORY: SMOKEVILLE

When residents of Helena, Mont. voted to ban smoking in bars, restaurants and casinos, an amazing thing seemed to happen. Over the course of six months, according to a recent study, local heart attack rates were cut in half. But not everyone in town was convinced of the study's findings or happy about the ban. Helena's economy began to struggle, with businesses dependent on smokers fighting to make ends meet. Helena's population remains divided, and the fate of the ban is up in the air. Russ Mitchell reports on the great smoking debate in this CBS News Sunday Morning cover story.
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

November 17th, 2003, 12:32 am #15

Worldwide, 4.9 million people
are dying every year
from cigarette smoking.
World Health Organization Estimates
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

February 25th, 2004, 1:24 am #16

What product when used as directed kills 50% of loyal lifetime customers?
It's even worse.
For each of the estimated 4.9 million being claimed by smoking, each 14 to 15 years early, there are 20 others already impaired by smoking induced disease.
Once established nicotine dependency is as permanent as alcoholism.
The key to remaining on this side of the bars and keeping our dependency under arrest on the other is that one puff of nicotine.
No nicotine today, Never Take Another Puff ...
Chew, Gum, Dip, or Lozenge!
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

March 31st, 2004, 8:36 pm #17

Worldwide, 4.9 million people
are dying every year
from cigarette smoking.
World Health Organization Estimates
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

July 12th, 2004, 12:28 am #18

From: John (Gold) Sent: 5/30/2004 2:30 PM
May 28, 2004 U.S. Lengthens the List of
Diseases Linked to Smoking
By ELIZABETH OLSON[/size]
New York Times

WASHINGTON, May 27 - Four decades after the surgeon general's first report on smoking and health linked cigarette use to lung cancer, larynx cancer and bronchitis, the latest annual report has further expanded the list of smoking-related diseases.

The new report, issued Thursday by Surgeon General Richard H. Carmona, concludes that in addition to the many other diseases listed in the intervening years, smoking can cause cancers of the cervix, kidney, pancreas and stomach, as well as abdominal aortic aneurysms, acute myeloid leukemia, cataracts, pneumonia and gum disease.

The report, Dr. Carmona said at a news briefing, "documents that smoking causes disease in nearly every organ in the body at every stage of life."

Among the other disorders listed since the first report, in 1964, are cancers of the esophagus, throat and bladder; chronic lung disease; and chronic heart and cardiovascular diseases.

Government figures show that 440,000 Americans a year are now dying of smoking-related illnesses, and Dr. Carmona said more than 12 million had died since the first report. Smokers typically die 13 to 14 years earlier than nonsmokers, he said.

Treating those diseases costs about $75 billion a year, according to government figures, and an even greater amount is sacrificed in lost productivity.

For the first time, however, the number of Americans who have quit smoking edges out the number who still smoke, the surgeon general said. An estimated 46 million Americans "have managed to beat the habit and quit,'' he said, "while 45.8 million continue to smoke." Of the entire adult population, people 18 or older, smokers now account for only 22 percent.

Still, Dr. Carmona conceded that at the current rate of decline, the federal government would not meet its goal of cutting the number of smokers to 12 percent of adults by 2010.

The report warned that while the number of high school seniors who smoke had been reduced to 24.4 percent last year from 36.5 percent in 1997, trends indicated that the rate of decline in smoking among youths, like that among adults, was slowing.

The surgeon general said that "every day, nearly 5,000 people under 18 years of age try their first cigarette."

Just as disturbing as those trends, the report said, is that the rate of smoking "among some racial and ethnic minority populations and among less-educated Americans remains high.''

Dr. Carmona said he hoped that the message that "toxins from cigarette smoke go everywhere the blood flows" would help "motivate people to quit smoking and convince young people not to start in the first place."

Quitting can have immediate as well as long-term benefits, the report found. Quitting at age 65 or older, it said, can reduce by nearly 50 percent the risk of dying of a smoking-related disease. On the other hand, former smokers have the same stroke risk as nonsmokers 5 to 15 years after quitting.

Smoking cigarettes with lower yields of tar and nicotine, the report said, do not substantially reduce the risk of lung cancer.

"There is no safe cigarette," Dr. Carmona said, "whether it is called 'light,' 'ultralight' or any other name."

The 941-page report was prepared by a team of 20 scientists at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and drew on research reported in 1,600 articles, which are available at www.cdc.gov/tobacco.

It found that while some research had pointed to an association between smoking and diseases including colon, liver and prostate cancer, as well as erectile dysfunction, the current evidence was not sufficient to establish a link.
Copyright N.Y. Times 2004 - All Rights Reserves
Last edited by Joel on July 10th, 2009, 3:01 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

July 21st, 2004, 8:55 pm #19

I saw a post was up today that was asking the question of why smoking was still legal. A seasoned member pointed out that this was an issue that was beyond the scope of our board. Highlighted below is the section from our Mission Statement of why we don't want to divert the board taking on this issue:
Freedom's Mission Statement
We are a cold turkey education and support forum that believes that the key to permanent abstinence is understanding. Why are we a cold turkey site? Because we know that educated cold turkey quitting works.

If you are serious about quitting and think that we are right for you, join us! You will find like-minded people who are all off of nicotine and for the most part happy about it. If we are not right for you please don't join. It would be like joining a religious group in order to convert all of their existing followers to your belief or joining a political party for the sole purpose of having all its members vote for the opposing party candidate. When a person joins a group under these terms they are not joining a group, they are trying to subvert the group. This is an act of hostility not an act of support or camaraderie.

We are hostile to nobody. Not even to the tobacco industry or pharmaceutical companies who have different agendas than ours. They exist because they want you to use their products. We exist because you want to stop using their products. We are not here to try to make anyone stop using their products either. We are here to help people quit using nicotine because they have already decided to do so.

We are here to help people who have come to a point in their life that they want to quit and want help doing it--people who have already picked their plan of action. They have chosen to quit cold, and want to know what to expect and stay focused on that objective. That is what we are going to be doing now, keeping them focused.

We will help these people understand and remember why they smoked, why they decided they wanted to stop, how they stopped, how important it was for their health that they stopped, and, most important of all, how to stay off. Many smokers have quit at one time or another in their life, some for many years and even decades, but have for one reason and one reason only lost that quit. They let go of their understanding of nicotine addiction. Or, they never understood it to begin with.

We will explain addiction and how we think you can treat it and why we think it works. It is important to state we think it works for personal reasons. We think it works because it has worked for everyone here. Everyone! Because we live by one simple principal here at Freedom. We stay smoke free by staying nicotine free. No one can relapse if they don't take nicotine first. It is impossible to be a smoker again without taking nicotine again.

So there you have it, what we are in a nutshell. We are a group of people who share one thing in common. We will never put nicotine into our bodies. Our pasts may be different but our future intent is the same. To stay in our club we make a promise to ourselves, from this day forth that to be a member in good standing with Freedom, and more important to be a member in good standing with our own mind and bodies we are all committed to never take another puff!
Last edited by Joel on July 10th, 2009, 2:55 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:59 pm

August 5th, 2004, 4:27 am #20

Ninety years ago today, Britain entered "The War to End all Wars"
Cigarettes quickly came to be seen as a vital part of the war effort, with the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces, General John J. ("Black Jack") Pershing quoted as saying, "You ask me what we need to win this war. I answer tobacco as much as bullets."
A lot of "enlightenment" has happened in the following 90 years..... and a lot of smokers have died.... far more than died in "The War to End all Wars"


When the fighting was finally over, no-one could tell exactly how many had been killed but historians estimate that up to 10 million men lost their lives on the battlefield - and another 20 million were wounded during the four years of the war.


For each of the estimated 4.9 million being claimed each year by smoking, each 14 to 15 years early, there are 20 others already impaired by smoking induced disease.


Lest we forget -


Never Take Another Puff
richard (2 years 5 months less a few days.....)
Last edited by richard This is It GOLD on July 10th, 2009, 3:00 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Joined: December 18th, 2008, 11:57 pm

November 18th, 2004, 3:20 am #21

From the World Health Organization's Website

WHO Atlas maps Global Tobacco epidemic

15 October 2002|GENEVA -- Tobacco kills 560 people every hour or 13,400 people per day or 4.9 million people per annum. This death and disease toll spares no nations and no people. WHO's new Tobacco Atlas presents a visual view of this galloping worldwide epidemic. The Atlas provides detailed data from countries on the differences and similarities of the global tobacco control struggle. The comparative data shows that action - or inaction - of one country can affect the work of another.

"The Tobacco Atlas highlights, in an educational and creative fashion, diverse features of this important global epidemic," said Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General, World Health Organization " Its simple presentation of complex epidemiological and statistical information allows everybody to understand the facts and use them effectively."

The Atlas is being promoted as a tool for policy makers as they seek to formulate national and international regulations on tobacco control. Tobacco consumption is increasing all over the world and will kill 8.4 million people a year by year 2020 if drastic control measures are not put into effect. One in two of today's young smokers will die from tobacco-related causes. The developing countries will bear the brunt of the death toll, accounting for over 70 percent of the projected deaths.

The Tobacco Atlas, produced in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, USA, provides a unique statistical profile of the epidemic. Visual presentations, such as colour maps and graphics, make thousands of statistics spring to life on a variety of tobacco issues. Among the presentations are similarities and differences between countries, the conduct of the tobacco companies, gender differences in tobacco consumption, investments by tobacco industry, the costs of tobacco use and illicit trade and litigation.

"Action taken today will determine the reality of tomorrow. The Atlas is a valuable resource in fighting the tobacco epidemic," said Dr Judith Mackay, author of the Atlas and Senior Policy Advisor to the Tobacco Free Initiative of the World Health Organization. The co author of the Atlas is Dr Michael Eriksen, former Director of the US Office on Smoking and Health and current consultant at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


The Tobacco Atlas comes at a time when WHO's Member States meet in Geneva for the fifth round of negotiations on the proposed Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). The Convention is scheduled to be ready by May 2003.
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Joined: November 11th, 2008, 7:22 pm

July 10th, 2009, 3:03 am #22

Smoking-attributable mortality and years of potential life lost
in 16 Brazilian capitals, 2003: a prevalence-based study

BMC Public Health. 2009 Jun 26;9(1):206. [Epub ahead of print]

Correa PC, Barreto SM, Passos VM.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To establish the impact of tobacco smoking on mortality is essential to define and monitor public health interventions in developing countries.

METHODS: The Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Morbidity and Economic Costs (SAMMEC) software was used to estimate the smoking attributable mortality (SAM) in 15 Brazilian State Capitals and the Federal District for the year 2003. Smoking prevalence and mortality data of people aged 35 years or older were obtained for each city from the Brazilian Household Survey on Non Communicable Diseases Risk Factors (2002-2003) and from the Brazilian Mortality System (2003), respectively.

RESULTS: In 2003, of the 177,543 deaths of persons aged 35 years and older 24,222 (13.64%) were attributable to cigarette smoking. This total represents 18.08% of all male deaths (n=16,896) and 8.71% (n=7,326) of all female deaths in these cities. The four leading causes of smoking-attributable death were chronic airways obstruction (4,419 deaths), ischemic heart disease (4,417 deaths), lung cancer (3,682 deaths), and cerebrovascular disease (3,202 deaths). Cigarette smoking accounted for 419,935 years of potential life lost (YPLL) (279,990 YPLL for men and 139,945 YPLL for women) in the same period.

CONCLUSIONS: Tobacco use caused one out of five male deaths and one out of ten female deaths in the sixteen cities in 2003. Four leading causes of smoking attributable deaths (ischemic heart disease, chronic airways obstruction, lung cancer and cerebrovascular disease) accounted for 64.9% of SAM. Effective and comprehensive actions must be taken in order to slow this epidemic in Brazil.


http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/9/206
http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pd ... -9-206.pdf

Note: Full text PDF freely available from link immediately above.
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Joined: December 6th, 2008, 4:58 pm

November 12th, 2009, 2:42 pm #23

From an earlier post in this strng by Joel:

.............People don't smoke because they are stupid, but they smoke because they are drug addicts. Keep in mind, whey you are dealing with people who have smoked for over 40 years, most of them got addicted before there was ever any health warnings on tobacco. They didn't know it was dangerous when they started. People smoking longer than 10 years didn't know that they were taking up an addictive product. Yes they knew it was dangerous--but they never intended on smoking that much or smoking that long when they first took it up.
Even people taking it up today are not sufficiently warned of how addictive and how dangerous this product is. Of course they know its dangerous and they now hear it is addictive, but very few people realize just how dangerous and how addictive.
If people are asked to rank cigarette smoking dangers compared to the dangers posed by pollution, or illegal drugs, or alcohol induced illnesses, or violence in our society, or the risks of being killed by a drunk driver, or the risk of infectious diseases like pneumonia or AIDS, cigarettes may end up in the middle or maybe even at the bottom of the list. In America, more people die from smoking than people killed in ALL accidents, murders, all suicides, all infectious diseases, all diabetes, all cirrhosis and all olf the AIDS deaths all combined.
Most people don't grasp the true magnitude of the dangers. Also, must people don't realize the true grip of the addiction that nicotine exerts. Worse of all, very few people are given any real understanding of how to take control of the addiction once it has been established. The combination of all of this lack of understanding leaves people ripe from taking up smoking and totally unprepared for getting off of it when they want to quit.
Try to see smokers for who they really are. They are drug addicts who very often do not have the understanding and tools in place to break free of their addiction. You do have the understanding and hopefully at some point they may turn to you for help. When they do share with them what we have shared with you. Help them understand that you were once where they were--you didn't understand why you smoked, why you should stop, how to stop and how to stay off. But once you learned all of this you were able to quit and have proven by example that you have been able to stay off. The example you will have proven is that you have stuck with your commitment to never take another puff!
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Joined: October 18th, 2009, 8:31 am

December 5th, 2009, 10:13 pm #24

From the previous entry :
Most people don't grasp the true magnitude of the dangers. Also, must people don't realize the true grip of the addiction that nicotine exerts. Worse of all, very few people are given any real understanding of how to take control of the addiction once it has been established. The combination of all of this lack of understanding leaves people ripe from taking up smoking and totally unprepared for getting off of it when they want to quit.


Thank you WHYQUIT.com. - I now know.



Free & Healing
Rosy
Stopped Smoking for One Month, Twenty Seven Days, 5 Hours and 23 Minutes, by avoiding the use of 1888 nicotine delivery devices. Quit Day : 09/10/2009.
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