Frightening Trends in Teenage Smoking

Frightening Trends in Teenage Smoking

Joel
Joined: 18 Dec 2008, 23:57

04 Sep 2000, 02:08 #1

Frightening Trends in Teenage Smoking
Smoking has been declining in adults for the past 30 years. In 1964, over half the men (52%) in this country smoked. Thirty-four percent of women were smokers at that time. Today only 25% of adults smoke cigarettes, (28% men and 23% women). While the battle to combat smoking seems to have made major strides in the past three decades, the war on tobacco is far from over. For now the war on tobacco needs to be redirected at a new front. For kids are being targeted by tobacco advertisers and now kids are starting to smoke in record numbers. The statistics are frightening, and if steps are not taken to reverse the trends, the medical, economic and social costs to our children as well as to our country will be staggering. Consider the following:
  • 82% of adults who ever smoked had their first cigarette by their 18th birthday. More than half became regular smokers by that time.
  • Smoking among 8th and 10th graders has risen 50% since 1991.
  • Nationwide, 71% of high school students have tried smoking.
  • About 1/3 of high school students are current smokers.(Smoked at least one cigarette in the last 30 days.)
  • Although only 5% of daily smokers surveyed in high school said they would definitely be smoking five years later, close to 75% were smoking 7 to 9 years later.
  • Each day, nearly 3000 American youngsters become regular smokers. Of these, 1,000 will die from early tobacco-related diseases.
  • Of 1,000 20-year-olds who continue to smoke, 6 will die prematurely from homicide, 12 from car accidents, and 500 from smoking.
Kids are smoking more. Are they being taught and do they understand the long-term implications of smoking? Do they understand the relative health risks of smoking compared to other dangerous activities? Do they understand the addictive nature of nicotine? Do they realize that if they innocently experiment with tobacco and have no intention of smoking, that they just may get hooked and not be able to quit?

From the above statistics, it sure does not seem they know these facts. So what do kids know about smoking? We know that 30% of three-year-olds and 91% of six-year-olds can identify Joe Camel as a symbol of smoking and we know that kids are starting to smoke in record number. We know kids are effectively being targeted with a smoking message but it is not the message they need to hear. We must undo the influence of the multi-billion dollar advertising campaigns aimed at our youth. We must counter misinformation with facts. We need to relentlessly spread the message far and wide that cigarettes are deadly and nicotine is addictive.

Always remember that one way you can influence the people most significant in your life in regards to smoking is by example. Spread the unique perspective of your nicotine addiction and your triumph of cessation. For the smokers you know, spread the word that there is life after smoking. For ex-smokers, share your understanding of the potential of relapse. Most important, to kids you know share your experience of how you got addicted and how you now must constantly be on your guard to stay off. Most smokers wish they never started. Make kids aware of this from your personal perspective. Be aware of your position as a potential role model and never take another puff!
Reply

John (Gold)
Joined: 18 Dec 2008, 23:57

11 Jun 2003, 21:57 #2

Are Teens Getting Hooked on NRT?

by John R. Polito, Cessation Educator[/size]
A new study finds that three-quarters of surveyed Memphis high school juniors who used nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) did not do so for purposes of trying to quit. Even more alarming is the study's revelation that among student NRT users 18% were never-smokers.
A study published in the June 2003 edition of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine entitled "Use of Nicotine Replacement Therapy in Adolescent Smokers and Nonsmokers," reflects 1998 survey responses of 4,078 Memphis high school students who were primarily seventeen years of age, and 84% minority students.

Among those responding, 258 (6%) reported being current smokers of at least one cigarette a day, while 216 students ( 5%) reported having used the nicotine patch or gum. A closer look at the 216 users shows that 16% currently use NRT every day, 20% use it several times a week, and 64% have used it at least once but less than weekly.

Although the study ignores smokeless tobacco use, its findings raise serious concerns that students may be establishing chemical dependency upon nicotine without ever using tobacco products. Among the 216 NRT users, 40 represented that they had "never smoked a cigarette, not even a few puffs." Yet, 11 of the same 40 report using NRT several times a week and 7 others say that they use it every day.

Amplifying such concerns are the September 2002 youth dependency study findings of Dr. Joseph DiFranza, published in Tobacco Control, announcing that teens are becoming hooked on tobacco much quicker than previously thought. According to Dr. DiFranza, the onset of loss of autonomy to simply turn and walk away often occurs in a matter of days and after only a few uses.

Although we know that the 21 mg. patch delivers the nicotine equivalent of smoking an entire pack of cigarettes, there is as yet no available research studying the patch's potential for establishing the onset of permanent chemical dependency in youth.

The Memphis youth NRT survey also raises concern over the17% of students who attempted to stop smoking with the aid of NRT but appear to have instead permanently transferred their chemical dependency to the patch or gum. The study shows that 35 of the 216 students who acknowledged using NRT described themselves of ex-smokers. Six of the 35 asserted "I use the nicotine patch [or gum] several times a week," while five additional ex-smokers declared "I use the nicotine patches [or gum] every day." But does NRT actually aid teens in quitting?

A January 2000 nicotine patch youth quit smoking study (also published in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine) followed one hundred 13 to17 year-olds who smoked at least ten cigarettes a day, and as a group averaged 20 a day. Each attempted to quit while using a 15 mg. patch over a six-week period. Finding that 95% had relapsed to smoking within just six-months, the study's authors concluded that the nicotine patch was not effective in treating adolescent smokers.

Other recent dismal NRT study results suggest that health policymakers may want to rethink plans to make a growing array of clean-nicotine devices more available than cigarettes, less expensive, and far easier to obtain.

A California smoker survey published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in September 2002 concluded that "NRT appears no longer effective in increasing long-term successful cessation in California smokers." Even more shocking was a study published in Tobacco Control in March 2003 that combined the results of eight over-the-counter NRT studies and found that 93% of study participants had relapsed to smoking nicotine within six-months.

Attention is naturally beginning to focus upon the question of how the early gum and patch studies were able to appear "effective" while gaining FDA approval as quitting tools. NRT industry consultants respond that quitting is getting harder and that the remaining population of smokers represent the hard-core addicted. In support of their argument they point to recent odds ratio victories over placebo group performance rates in the 4% midyear range, that are vastly inferior to the 10% to 12% placebo and control group rates often seen during studies in the 1980's.

Others disagree citing even poorer NRT performance in youth cessation studies as evidence that the "hard-core addiction" argument is without merit. It is this cessation student's contention that placebo group rates have been seriously affected by study protocols ranging from participants having prior NRT use experience with "the real McCoy," to the practice of doctoring placebo devices with small amounts of nicotine for masking purposes (usually 1 to 3 mg.).

Although researchers "conventionally feel" that the practice does not effect placebo performance there are no known studies pitting nicotine doctored placebos against nicotine free placebos. Within 72 hours of ending all nicotine use chemical withdrawal symptoms normally begin pleaking in intensity as the brain reward pathways begin bathing in nicotine-free blood serum. Would small amounts of nicotine tend to kept placebo quitters in an unnatural state of serious chronic withdrawal that eventually wears them down?

If the concept of quitting via gradual nicotine weaning with clean nicotine is an ineffective and cruel money grabbing hoax upon smokers, what is effective? Although NRT industry consultants readily admit that local neighborhood quit smoking programs are on average twice as effective as NRT, it's their contention that smokers "do not want and will not use" such programs.

Advocates of such programs assert that massive NRT marketing campaigns - that have included the purchase and use of the trusted influence of most major health nonprofits as NRT storefronts - have all but buried the existence of high quality programs offering cessation education, dependency understanding, coping skills development, counseling, and/or group peer support. They contend that quality local and internet based programs are consistenly generating six-month cessation rates in excess of 30%.

As a rising tide of new nicotine delivery vehicles prepares to flood the market, concerns are shifting from clean nicotine's ineffectiveness as a gradual weaning tool to its use as a cleaner, less destructive and less deadly means of satisfying the nicotine addict's endless chemical need to feed.

Waiting in the wings are your local pharmacist's 27 flavors of nicotine suckers, nicotine water, nicotine cola, a new nicotine straw, nicotine lotion, nicotine wafers, and yes, even Nico-O-Tan! Most of the new delivery vehicles are not being marketed for quitting but as addictive weight-control programs, permanent adrenaline pick-me-ups, or for those times and places where indoor burning of tobacco products is not accepted or welcome, such as high school classrooms and smoke alarmed bathrooms.

Many sincere health officials today advocate a massive movement that attempts to transfer as many nicotine smokers as possible to smokeless tobacco, snuff, Swedish snus, the nicotine inhaler, or any of the new clean nicotine delivery vehicles, as a means to dramatically reduce smoking induced cancer and respiratory deaths by carcinogen reduction and elimination of the more than 500 gases present in each burning cigarette, including carbon monoxide.

In theory it's a wonderful lifesaving exchange yet any attempt at transition would require a massive marketing campaign having a core theme of a "safer" way to experience nicotine. Would the health benefit associated with the percentage of smokers successfully making the transfer exceed the impact that a "safer" message campaign might have in making the percentage of daily NRT users reflected in the Memphis study look small by comparison?

Smoking delivers its captivating cargo to the brain almost twice as fast as injected heroin. Unlike heroin that normally travels from an extremity to the heart, over to the lungs, back to the heart and then up to the brain, smoked nicotine is a straight shot into the lungs, over to the heart and into the brain, where it arrives within 8 to 10 seconds. Oral forms of delivery take minutes to reach peak blood serum levels and transdermal nicotine hours.

Will smokers make the transition? As shown in the new Memphis NRT study, a significant percentage of youth smokers appear willing to endure slower delivery while using clean-nicotine for the unapproved purpose of complying with urge commands associated with nicotine's two-hour chemical half-life when burning isn't possible.

The Memphis survey asked current smokers who had used NRT to declare whether they had used it to "try to quit smoking" or as a nicotine substitute for those times when they "couldn't smoke." Three of 27 who smoked less than one cigarette a week, 4 of 13 who smoked between one and six cigarettes a week, and 17 of 52 who smoked more than one cigarette daily, indicated that they used NRT when they couldn't smoke.

The authors state that "[e]xperimentation with NRT or use by never smokers is a potential harm of increased availability of these products." "More than half of the students surveyed reported that it is or would be easy to get NRT" which supports their unofficial local study findings that NRT can be "readily purchasable by minors without proof of age." Is the inducement to experiment being fueled by an inconsistent message and a lack of warnings?

The pharmaceutical companies have labeled orange flavored nicotine gum as "medicine" and market its use as "therapy." Ironically, when neighborhood pharmacies started pouring syrups to create and sell unapproved orange flavored nicotine suckers, many of the health organizations that had actively helped the NRT industry push its orange flavored gum ran to the FDA arguing that orange suckers were untested, enticing, inherently dangerous and highly addictive.

The European Union's new addiction warning label occupies the entire bottom half of the front face of a pack of cigarettes and in large black letters announces "Smoking is highly addictive, don't start." The entire top half of the pack face of Canada's addiction warning label reads "Warning - Cigarettes are highly addictive - studies have shown that tobacco can be harder to quit than heroin or cocaine." Who is responsible for keeping America's youth in addiction risk darkness?

As shown by the Memphis study, the nico-cat is already out of the bag. The question now is, will continued nicotine marketing and new products entice even greater numbers of youth to experiment with "safer" forms of permanent chemical captivity? One of the fudge factors in almost all NRT studies has been in counting all who remained hooked on the device being tested as having successfully quit. Isn't it time we told our youth the truth?





References:
  1. June 2003 Memphis NRT study abstract
  2. September 2002 DiFranza Youth Dependency Study (HONC)
  3. January 2000 APAM Youth Nicotine Patch Study
  4. September 2002 California JAMA study abstract
  5. March 3003 OTC NRT Meta-Analysis - Full Text of Study
  6. Review of U.S. Guideline Placebo and Control Group Evidence Tables
  7. Dr. Hughes & Shiffman Respond to Polito's Comments on OTC NRT
  8. Polito Responds to Dr. Hughes & Shiffman's Comments on OTC NRT
  9. Link to images of cigarette pack addiction warning labels

Image
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Joel
Joined: 18 Dec 2008, 23:57

01 Jul 2003, 20:40 #3

For CF:

Kids Just Don't Get It!

On the surface the above statement explains why kids are smoking at such an alarming rate. Here we have a product that is deadly, so deadly in fact it has been deemed the most preventable cause of premature death in the United States. Some, who don't die from it, will often still be impaired or crippled from cigarettes. Not only is it deadly, it is expensive. Kids taking up smoking today are likely going to end up with a product that will end up costing them tens of thousands of dollars over their lifetime. But still kids take it up in record numbers today. What is the only logical explanation from this tragedy?

Again, it must be kids don't get it. But don't be too quick to interpret my meaning of this phrase. Yes there are some kids that no matter what you teach them will not listen to any amount of reason. But this is not the majority of kids taking up smoking. When I say kids don't get it, I don't mean kids lack the common sense to make a rational decision about smoking. What they don't get is the real information in a manner that helps them understand the magnitude of the danger and the power of the addiction. Without this understanding, they are not equipped with the ammunition to overcome peer pressure, as well as tobacco promotion tactics by cigarette manufacturers.

When I try to offer programs to many local schools, free of charge mind you, I often get turned down for the reason that they can't take time out of the busy education schedule required in schools today. Besides this, the school officials often feel kids already are getting the facts about smoking in health classes and DARE presentations. This is all well and good, except the message delivered in these programs is often presented quickly and truly skimming the surface of the depth of the nicotine addiction. I know when I do a school for the first time, the kids are amazed at the stories I relate about the dangers of smoking and the strength of addiction. More important than this though, it almost never fails that the health teacher comes up to me and tells me that they never understood the magnitude of the problem.

Recently, when I was speaking at a conference where representatives from many health organizations were coming to find out how to possibly help get funding from tobacco settlement monies. The DARE officers represented came up to me afterwards shocked about how dangerous smoking actually was. It seems the people being relied on to pass the message don't understand the message themselves. And the people who should be responsible to educate the kids feel that the information is already out there for all to see because these people are already teaching it!

Kids can get it if it is given to them. It's not only a financial limitation that this material is not disseminated. It is a lack of resolve and commitment by the public that allows this to happen. Parents should be demanding this information for kids. PTA groups should be screaming to increase the educational component of smoking prevention. But unfortunately, most of them don't get it either. How often a parent reaction to their child smoking is, "Well at least they are not using drugs." There is so many problems faced by kids today such as drugs, and alcohol, and violence that smoking seems minor in comparison.

But what parents and other adults to understand is that smoking is going to kill more kids than all the other problems combined. The kid has picked up an addiction that is likely going to kill them. What do I mean by likely? Well for ever thousand 20 year olds who smoke today and don't quit, 6 of them will eventually die prematurely from being murdered (violence), 12 will eventually die prematurely from accidents, and 500 will die from smoking! But at least they are not using drugs. When a parent says this or thinks this, understand, they don't get it either. They never did learn the full extent of the nicotine addiction when they were kids.

You made the comment that you would have given up your toe for the girl back when you were a kid. Think about it though, do you really think you would have given up your toe. If I was there with a chainsaw and made a promise that I would guarantee a date with the girl if you let me lop off your toe, do you think you would have taken it? Probably not, and this analogy is not as farfetched as it may sound on the surface. There are people who end up losing toes, fingers, feet, hands, legs, and arms from smoking. They are often given the choice to quit smoking or lost the limb, but they really don't have a choice. They are addicts who lost control. Kids need to understand the extent of that control before they are smoking. Not that it just smells bad, not that it makes your teeth yellow, not that it is just "bad" for you. They think lots of things are bad for them. But tobacco is in a league by itself. When more kids get this information in its full non-diluted strength, more kids will have the ammunition to say no.

Peer pressure is a real phenomenon. Just telling kids not to give into it is not enough. Give them the reason not to give into it. Give them the full unadulterated message of the deadly and addictive nature of nicotine. Give them a reason to say no and they will likely do it. Lets make sure kids do get it and I think we will see a turn around in current trends.
Reply

Joel
Joined: 18 Dec 2008, 23:57

24 Jul 2003, 20:35 #4

Last night I did a seminar for three kids who were caught smoking at their schools and sentenced by our local court system to an evening of me. I do these once a month. Yesterdays group was a little different. One of the kids was only 12. He was caught receiving the cigarette from another kid who was 13 who was also there. I don't know for sure whether he had smoked before or not or even whether he smoked the one he was caught with. The were apprehended before it was lit.

Usually the kids sentenced to me are older--15 to 17 years of age. It was a little sadder doing this program for kids this young last night. I do programs for kids this young, but I normally am approaching the group with the idea that most of them have not smoked yet and we are trying to prevent them from ever getting started in the first place. But two of the three kids here were definately smoking already and already facing troubles over it. The two boys were kicked out of school a week before classes ended, not able to end up the school year.

I gave out whyquit's address to the group. If the kids don't look in, maybe the parents will. If anyone here has stories or insights that they feel might influence young readers, today may be a particulary good day in posting them.

I hope kids looking in at Freedom and WhyQuit are influenced early on, hopefully before they ever start messing with nicotine to commit early on in their lives to never take another puff!

Joel
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Joel
Joined: 18 Dec 2008, 23:57

07 Aug 2003, 22:06 #5

Study: College Students Discount Smoking Health Risks
8/6/2003

College students who smoke contend that they are just as healthy as nonsmokers and aren't particularly worried about the health effects of smoking, according to a University of Texas study.

The Health Behavior News Service reported July 29 that researcher Alexander V. Prokhorov, M.D., and colleagues found that many college students felt invulnerable to the health impact of smoking. "Unfortunately, most smokers commonly deny personal risk, believing that others are more likely to experience negative consequences," he said.

For example, 94 percent of smokers reported at least one respiratory problem, such as morning cough or shortness of breath. But 90 percent also believed they had no symptoms or illness related to smoking.

However, young smokers who were contemplating quitting reported more smoking-related symptoms, and were more aware of the health risks of smoking.

The study looked at 1,283 community-college students in Texas, and was published in the August 2003 issue of the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research.

Article published in Join Together Online

This is why I think the following article is so important. There is a good chance that these college kids were never given the full facts when they were younger and to this day have not realized just how dangerous and deadly of a product cigarettes actually are. These are not stupid kids, they are uneducated kids, at least in the field of smoking and health. Being that they are in college they may be learning their other subject matter well but they are missing an important component of education, lessons that could in fact one day save their lives. The are not being taught that nicotine is addictive, that cigarettes are deadly and that the only way that they can avoid the potentially life threatening consequences posed by smoking is to never take another puff!

Joel

Kids Just Don't Get It!

On the surface the above statement explains why kids are smoking at such an alarming rate. Here we have a product that is deadly, so deadly in fact it has been deemed the most preventable cause of premature death in the United States. Some, who don't die from it, will often still be impaired or crippled from cigarettes. Not only is it deadly, it is expensive. Kids taking up smoking today are likely going to end up with a product that will end up costing them tens of thousands of dollars over their lifetime. But still kids take it up in record numbers today. What is the only logical explanation from this tragedy?

Again, it must be kids don't get it. But don't be too quick to interpret my meaning of this phrase. Yes there are some kids that no matter what you teach them will not listen to any amount of reason. But this is not the majority of kids taking up smoking. When I say kids don't get it, I don't mean kids lack the common sense to make a rational decision about smoking. What they don't get is the real information in a manner that helps them understand the magnitude of the danger and the power of the addiction. Without this understanding, they are not equipped with the ammunition to overcome peer pressure, as well as tobacco promotion tactics by cigarette manufacturers.

When I try to offer programs to many local schools, free of charge mind you, I often get turned down for the reason that they can't take time out of the busy education schedule required in schools today. Besides this, the school officials often feel kids already are getting the facts about smoking in health classes and DARE presentations. This is all well and good, except the message delivered in these programs is often presented quickly and truly skimming the surface of the depth of the nicotine addiction. I know when I do a school for the first time, the kids are amazed at the stories I relate about the dangers of smoking and the strength of addiction. More important than this though, it almost never fails that the health teacher comes up to me and tells me that they never understood the magnitude of the problem.

Recently, when I was speaking at a conference where representatives from many health organizations were coming to find out how to possibly help get funding from tobacco settlement monies. The DARE officers represented came up to me afterwards shocked about how dangerous smoking actually was. It seems the people being relied on to pass the message don't understand the message themselves. And the people who should be responsible to educate the kids feel that the information is already out there for all to see because these people are already teaching it!

Kids can get it if it is given to them. It's not only a financial limitation that this material is not disseminated. It is a lack of resolve and commitment by the public that allows this to happen. Parents should be demanding this information for kids. PTA groups should be screaming to increase the educational component of smoking prevention. But unfortunately, most of them don't get it either. How often a parent reaction to their child smoking is, "Well at least they are not using drugs." There is so many problems faced by kids today such as drugs, and alcohol, and violence that smoking seems minor in comparison.

But what parents and other adults to understand is that smoking is going to kill more kids than all the other problems combined. The kid has picked up an addiction that is likely going to kill them. What do I mean by likely? Well for ever thousand 20 year olds who smoke today and don't quit, 6 of them will eventually die prematurely from being murdered (violence), 12 will eventually die prematurely from accidents, and 500 will die from smoking! But at least they are not using drugs. When a parent says this or thinks this, understand, they don't get it either. They never did learn the full extent of the nicotine addiction when they were kids.

You made the comment that you would have given up your toe for the girl back when you were a kid. Think about it though, do you really think you would have given up your toe. If I was there with a chainsaw and made a promise that I would guarantee a date with the girl if you let me lop off your toe, do you think you would have taken it? Probably not, and this analogy is not as farfetched as it may sound on the surface. There are people who end up losing toes, fingers, feet, hands, legs, and arms from smoking. They are often given the choice to quit smoking or lost the limb, but they really don't have a choice. They are addicts who lost control. Kids need to understand the extent of that control before they are smoking. Not that it just smells bad, not that it makes your teeth yellow, not that it is just "bad" for you. They think lots of things are bad for them. But tobacco is in a league by itself. When more kids get this information in its full non-diluted strength, more kids will have the ammunition to say no.

Peer pressure is a real phenomenon. Just telling kids not to give into it is not enough. Give them the reason not to give into it. Give them the full unadulterated message of the deadly and addictive nature of nicotine. Give them a reason to say no and they will likely do it. Lets make sure kids do get it and I think we will see a turn around in current trends.
Reply

LFischerGOLD
Joined: 19 Dec 2008, 00:47

04 Oct 2003, 03:24 #6

I just wanted to share something I saw yesterday (it really freaked me out)...

I was walking down the block on my way to work (I live in NYC), and there was a family preparing to take a picture in front of the NY Library. It was a young boy (about 12yrs old) and his grandparents (or older guardians of some sort). The grandmother and the boy were posing, while the grandfather was trying to work the camera. He was having trouble with the camera because he had a cigarette in one hand and was fumbling around. The grandmother was also smoking.

So, the grandfather handed the cigarette to the young boy to hold. I was shocked! I literally stood still for a second watching the transaction.

And then I realized that they had done it on purpose for the picture! The grandparents thought it would be a good idea for the the grandmother and the grandson to both be smoking in the picture... isn't that funny! (Not.) All three were laughing. Then the grandmother started shouting "Lip it! Lip it!" and the 12yr old boy put the cigarette in his mouth and they smiled for the camera.

I literally almost vomited. My body went completely cold. I was actually surprised at how physically I felt the shock (I felt like I was in a bad movie or something). Anyways... it just goes to show that how we act now greatly influences those around us... I feel for that young boy - hopefully he'll have better and smarter examples on how to live a healthy life from other sources.

And as for me - I will never set that sort of example for my children OR my grandchildren, because I will never take another puff!

Laura Image
Healthy and Clean for 1 month, 3 weeks, 2 days, 22 hours, 23 minutes and 25 seconds. 1098 cigarettes not smoked, saving $357.06. Life saved: 3 days, 19 hours, 30 minutes.
Reply

John (Gold)
Joined: 18 Dec 2008, 23:57

14 Nov 2003, 11:51 #7

Study: High-schoolers lighting up less

Smoking rates for middle school students stay the same

Thursday, November 13, 2003 Posted: 2:40 PM EST (1940 GMT)
ATLANTA, Georgia (AP) -- Smoking among U.S. high school students has declined by nearly one-fifth since 2000 but has not budged among middle-schoolers, according to a study released Thursday.
Nearly one out of four high school students, 23 percent, said they had smoked tobacco in the preceding month -- a drop from 28 percent the last time the survey was conducted, two years earlier.
About 13 percent of middle school students said they had smoked, about the same as in the previous survey.
The spring 2002 survey questioned 26,119 students at 246 schools. The survey is conducted every two years by the Washington-based American Legacy Foundation, which is funded by the nationwide tobacco settlement.
"The reason it has gone down is a combination of factors, from the increase in cigarette prices to the passage of more smoke-free laws and policies," said Cheryl Healton, president of the foundation. "Among middle-schoolers, they tend to be experimenters and not daily smokers yet."
Healton also credited anti-tobacco advertising campaigns with discouraging teenagers from smoking. She said more effective efforts may be needed to reach students in grades six through eight.
"It makes me wonder if the declines we've been seeing are going to start to plateau," said Dr. Corinne Husten, a medical officer with the CDC's Office on Smoking and Health.
White students were more likely to use cigarettes than black, Hispanic or Asian students.
Overall, Asians smoked less than students of other races. Among middle-schoolers, whites, blacks and Hispanics smoked at roughly equal rates, while in high school, whites smoked more than other students.

http://www.cnn.com/2003/HEALTH/parentin ... index.html
Copyright 2003 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.
Thanks Jill for emailing this story!
Reply

Joel
Joined: 18 Dec 2008, 23:57

15 Apr 2004, 19:15 #8

Image I see John found some disturbing statistics on college age smokers in the article 1 in 9 college students to die from smoking? that fit in well with this piece.
Reply

Joel
Joined: 18 Dec 2008, 23:57

22 Apr 2004, 06:27 #9

I think John was looking for this one today:

Lifted from above:

"Although only 5% of daily smokers surveyed in high school said they would definitely be smoking five years later, close to 75% were smoking 7 to 9 years later."

This clearly indicates that even though kids are addicted early on--they don't often recognize the fact. The only way to avoid becoming an actively using nicotine addict--whether you ever smoked in the past or not is from this point on knowing to never take another puff!

Joel
Reply

Joel
Joined: 18 Dec 2008, 23:57

23 Aug 2004, 21:27 #10

"Although only 5% of daily smokers surveyed in high school said they would definitely be smoking five years later, close to 75% were smoking 7 to 9 years later."

This clearly indicates that even though kids are addicted early on--they don't often recognize the fact. The only way to avoid becoming an actively using nicotine addict--whether you ever smoked in the past or not is from this point on knowing to never take another puff!

Joel
Reply