The Jing Mo & Northern Styles Connections

The Jing Mo & Northern Styles Connections

LJF
Joined: December 6th, 2014, 3:05 am

September 29th, 2015, 6:42 am #1

Bruce Lee & Jing Mo’s Kung Fu
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According to Dan Inosanto and Jesse Glover, Bruce Lee’s Jun Fan Kung Fu comprises of Southern and Northern styles of Chinese fighting arts. Besides the Southern style like Wing Chun, Hung Gar, Choy Li-Fut, Praying Mantis etc., the Northern styles which he had learnt in HK were mainly from Master Siu Hon-Sung (1900-1994). Master Siu was Lee Hoi Chuan’s (1902-1965) good friend and through his father’s arrangement, Bruce attended Master Siu’s private lessons in early 1959 (circa Feb-Apr) before leaving for the U.S. In 1963, upon returning to HK, Bruce once again, continued his learning from Master Siu. According to Master Siu, he taught Bruce the fundamental sets of Jing Mo’s Kung Fu, which include Jeet Kune (aka Jit Kuen), Gung Lik Kune, Bung Bo Kuen (Preying Mantis’ Leaping Fist), Tam Tuei (Tam Leg), Bat-Gwa broadsword, Five Tigers Spear etc. Bruce also self learnt other Jing Mo’s Kung Fu through martial arts manuals, like Hwa Kune, Eagle Fist, Lost Track Kung Fu etc. Jing Mo’s Kung Fu was mostly Northern Styles that was being taught in Jing Mo School whose founder was the prominent Chinese hero, Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka.

Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka (1868-1910)
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On 7th July 1910, Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka (aka Fok Yuen Gap) founded Jing Mo School (aka Jing Wu Athlete Association) in Shanghai. He was given the nickname “Yellow-Faced Tiger” in honor of his various defeats of the foreign boxers and clearing the bad reputation - “Sick Man of Asia” for his fellow country men. The most famous patriotic Kung Fu heroes at that time were Grandmaster Wong Fei-Hung from Southern China and Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka from Northern China. Their legendary feats had been played on movies and TV series numerous times since the late 40s till today. Grandmaster Fok was a highly skilled “Lost Track” Kung Fu master who gained the respect of many Chinese people. His life’s ambition was to unite the people by first leveraging their health through martial arts learning. That was the main purpose he established the Jing Mo School which was seen as a form of nationalistic movement.

Jing Mo literally means “Proficient in Martial Arts.” Many people joined the Jing Mo School upon its opening. However, just barely a month of his newly found Jing Mo School, Grandmaster Fok suddenly passed away on 9th August 1910 at the age of 42 due to sickness. His death led to many speculations, and many Chinese believed he was being poisoned to death by the Japanese who was envious of his skills and trying to seek revenge of their Karateka’s defeat to Grandmaster Fok. Part of the story was depicted in Bruce Lee “Fist of Fury” in 1972. Grandmaster’s untimely death was similar to Bruce Lee’s mysterious death which caused many speculations and one similar speculation was that both were being poisoned to death.

Grandmaster Fok left behind a group of highly-skilled students such as Lau Chan-Sing, Chan Kung-Zit, Chan Tit-Sung, Cheung Man-Dat, Bian Yun-Shan etc. However, his second son, Fok Dung-Gwok (1895 - 1956) succeeded his Jing Mo’s career and later opened a branch in Guangdong. Subsequently, he expanded the branches to Southeast Asia with his uncle. One of the famous Fok Dung-Gwok students was Siu Hon-Sung.

Master Siu Hon Sung (1900-1994)
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At the age of 10, Master Siu began learning Southern style Kung Fu which included Hung Gar, Choy Li Fut, Lo-Hon Mun Kune and Preying Mantis from various Kung Fu masters. He learned Hung Gar from Fung Wing-Biu, who was a student of Grandmaster Wong Fei-Hung. Fung then referred Siu to his friend Hung Cheung (to learn Choy Li Fut). Master Siu was also referred to Chik Wong the authority of “Chow Gar Pak Kwa Staff” fighting techniques. Master Siu enrolled into Jing Mo Athletic Association’s branch at Guangdong in 1920. There, he learnt Northern styles from Sun Yuk-Fung, and Southern styles from Hung Cheong. In fact, Shih Kien (Han in ETD) and Master Siu Hon-Sung were both Jing Mo schoolmates and graduates, and one of their famous teachers was Master Ku Yu-Cheung (also the Grandmaster of Wong Jack-Man)

Shek and Master Siu were close friends of Lee Hoi Chuen in HK. Later, Master Siu studied the secret martial arts of the Fok family, “Fist Enigma” (aka “Mai Chung Kuen” or “Lost Track Boxing”) from Fok Dung-Gwok. Ultimately, Master Siu became a Kung Fu master who was well versed in both Southern and Northern styles Kung Fu. During the 1950s and 1960s, Master Siu was actively involved in the HK film industry producing and acting in many action movies like the “Wong Fei-Hung” series and at the same time, teaching Kung Fu to young people in his martial arts school called “Hon-Sung Health & Recreational Institute.”

Before leaving to the U.S. in April 1959, Bruce spent about 2 months learning from Master Siu, whom he addressed as 4th Uncle. In a 70s interview, Master Siu said, “After Bruce had learned Wing Chun, he came to ask me to teach him some Kung Fu. I chose to teach him the second set of Jing Mo’s boxing form – Gung Lik Kune because it is easier to learn since its form is shorter. I taught him this fundamental Northern style which stresses the use of kicks. This influenced Bruce’s kicks as seen in his movies. Northern style has larger movements as compared to the Southern style. It is more fanciful on-screen. Later, I taught Bruce a set of jumping step boxing (Bung Bo Kuen). This kind of boxing is a basic boxing form of Northern Praying Mantis Kung Fu. Its characteristics are tumbling, swift movements and the circular horizontal kicks. Bruce was very smart and he mastered it in just 6 or 7 lectures. Then, I taught him a set of Jeet Kune (aka Jit Kune), the 4th set of the basic boxing forms of Jing Mo school. I also taught him 2 sets of weapon forms. One of them was Bak-Gua-Do (Eight Trigams Broad Sword and the other was Five Tigers Spear. However, Bruce aimed not at weapons as they can only be used in performing, and not in today’s society, so he concentrated mostly on boxing.”

Bruce maintained a long-term friendly relationship with Master Siu even after he went over to the U.S. They used to exchange martial arts knowledge and opinions through many letters (some letters still survived till today). Every time when Bruce returned to HK, the places which he visited most were Ip Man’s school and Master Siu’s house. He went there to seek Master Siu’s personal advice and guidance. Master Siu was an easy-going person and there were many photos taken of him and Bruce together at the restaurants, either having tea-chats or martial arts discussions. Master Siu’s imparted not only his Kung Fu to Bruce but also shared his valuable experience and knowledge. This in one way or another helped Bruce to leverage his skills and knowledge to a certain extent. Besides Master Ip Man (1893-1972), Master Siu Hon-Sung was Bruce Lee’s officially declared 2nd formal Sifu in HK.

Bruce & Northern Styles
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Bruce played the character of "Chan Zhan," 5th student of Master Fok Yuen-Ka in the movie “Fist of Fury” (based on Jing Mo’s school background which was partly fictional). In one scene where he fought against the Russian fighter (played by Bob Baker), he displayed Master Fok’s famous secret art of "Fist Enigma" or "Lost Track Kung Fu." In real life, Bruce had self-learnt and studied "Fist Enigma" through his martial arts manual. Since Bruce was Master Siu’s student, then logically, he could be considered as the 4th generation student of Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka. In addition, during Bruce’s teenage years, both uncle Siu and uncle Shih Kien had told Bruce many heroic stories of Master Fok. That was why Bruce admired Grandmaster Fok and had Fok’s photo pasted on his scrapbook – “Chinese Gung Fu.” Not forgetting to mention Shih Kien who played the villain - Han, in ETD, was also a genuine master of various Jing Mo’s style and Southern style Kung Fu just like Master Siu Hon-Sung. Bruce respected uncle Shih and used to seek his advice and exchanged martial arts experience with him before and during the filming of ETD. They even had an informal sparring in-between takes of ETD.

Apart from his official learning of Jing Mo’s Kung Fu from Master Siu, Bruce also learnt various Northern style Kung Fu like Northern Shaolin Kick, Fut Kuen, Eagle Fist, Chin-na, Hsing-Yi Kuen, Bak Gwa Kuen, Taiji Chuen, Lo Han Kuen, Hwa Kuen, Poked Leg, 24 Chain/Continuous Kicks, Northern style Mantis Boxing etc. The Northern styles which Bruce learnt could be seen in Bruce’s displaying the modified “3-steps Rising and Cyclone kicks” in the Long Beach Karate Tournament (1964) and in “Enter The Dragon”(1973). Also, the shadows of the Northern styles could be traced in his various Kung Fu stances and weapons demonstrations during the photo shooting session at the California beach in 1967.

According to Jesse Glover, Bruce taught him various Kung Fu techniques from Wing Chun, Tiger Crane Double Forms Fist, Northern Style Praying Mantis, Taichi, Bat Gwa, Jeet Kune, Hsin Yi, Eagle Claw Tumbling Fist. He also taught him footwork, sticking hands, straight blast, drawing attacks, kicking and some techniques that emphasised on wrist and arm locks (Chin-na techniques). Bruce studied many styles of Kung Fu and incorporated some of these essential techniques into his system and discarded the rest.

Also, Bruce learnt Internal Style which was the advanced form of Kung Fu as it consists of various internal energy Kung Fu techniques. Bruce liked to talk about the philosophical concepts of 3 internal Northern styles i.e. Taichi, Hsin Yi and Bat Gwa and had good comments of the Internal Styles martial artists. He believed many Internal Styles practitioners were highly skilled and were on par or even surpassed the best Wing Chun fighter he had seen. The theory of Yin and Yang taught him the ways of comparison in looking upon everything such as hard against soft; fast against slow; horizontal against vertical etc. He was also inspired and motivated by I-Ching (an ancient Chinese manual of divination based on 8 symbolic trigrams and 64 hexagrams, interpreted in terms of the principles of Yin and Yang. It was included as one of the ‘5 classics’ of Confucianism) which was actually the main source of his martial arts philosophy. He tried to apply the Yin & Yang Theory and I-Ching in real life situations. To him, this was an extreme important direction for his advancement in the route of martial arts.

Challenger from Jing Mo - Wong Jack-Man (1940 - )
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As a matter of fact, Wong Jack-Man who challenged and fought Bruce in 1964, too, was a student of the Jing Mo Athletic Association. He is the student of Master Yim Sheung-Mo (1882-1971) and Master Ma Kim-Fung (1916 - ) whom imparted him Hsing-Yi Kune, Tai-Chi Chuen, Cha Kune, Northern Shaolin Kung Fu and other Jing Mo’s style Kung Fu. Also, he is the direct grandstudent of the famous Master Ku Yu-Cheung (1894-1952). In 1964, he departed HK and arrived in San Francisco, and worked in the branch of Jing Mo Club. As he had sparred and defeated some top martial artists in the Chinatown, thus, the Chinese Martial Arts community appointed Wong, whom they considered to be the best martial artist in Chinatown to be their representative and sent him to challenge Bruce at his school. (Note: Bruce had earlier performed on the stage of Sing Hoi theatre, LA where he declared openly that he would accept challenges from anyone who disagreed with his views on the practice and in-heritage of the classical Kung Fu which he thought was a classical mess. The Chinese Martial Arts community felt very disgraceful and hence, issued a challenge to him).

It was really interesting that in 1964, Bruce Lee and Wong Jack-Man, the two students of the Northern/Southern style cum Jing Mo’s style Kung Fu, were unaware that they were descendents of the Jing Mo’s family and their Great grandmaster was Fok Yuen-Ka. They confronted each other in the showdown of Oakland Chinatown. During this “challenge to death” fight, 5ft 11 Wong was defeated by 5ft 7.5 Bruce in a couple of minutes. Though both learnt Jing Mo’s style Kung Fu, Wong used Northern style Kung Fu (i.e. Shaolin Lo Han Kune) while Bruce applied mainly Southern style Kung Fu (i.e. Wing Chun) in the fight instead. According to the witnesses, Wong was moving around the room, trying to avoid the aggressive attacks from Bruce and eventually was forced to the ground and surrendered. However, Bruce was unsatisfied with his overall performance as he thought the fight should have ended in a couple of seconds if not for his under expectation’s stamina and too rigid Wing Chun style. Thus, he began to put in tremendous effort in evolving his personal martial arts skills, training, concepts, physical conditioning etc from then onwards and 3 years later, he found his personal art - JKD in 1967.

Man Is More Important Than Established Style/ System
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Generally, Bruce thought that some Northern Style Kung Fu were much more fanciful with footwork, acrobatics and jumping moves, in contrast to many Southern Style Kung Fu which are less fanciful but more practical and economical in real fighting. Thus, Bruce liked to perform Northern Style in his demos to attract the audience's attention, and he would normally use Southern Style in his fight. Moreover, Bruce knew that certain Northern styles still hold their reputations for real hand to hand combat such as Hsing-Yi Kuen, Bak-Gwa Kuen, Northern Shaolin etc. which are higher level Northern Style Kung Fu. Bruce was a talented martial artist who knew how to apply, modify and incorporate the essential techniques from various styles into his own Jun Fan Kung Fu. All martial arts would only become effective if one understands their basic roots, functions and how to maximise them to the fullest. At the end of the day, it is not the art but the practitioner himself matters. As Bruce used to tell his students, “Man, the living creature, the creating individual, is always more important than any established style or system.”

From Fok Yuen-Ka to Bruce Lee & Wong Jack-Man:
http://postimg.org/image/qldhhow79/

Bruce Lee’s Jing Mo’s Kung Fu:
http://postimg.org/image/fzaibrbm7/
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LJF
Joined: December 6th, 2014, 3:05 am

September 29th, 2015, 7:41 am #2

Below is an excerpt from an article (edited) found in the issue of 70s HK JKD Club magazine entitled: “Meeting One of Bruce Lee’s Masters – Sifu Siu Hon-San."
Sifu Siu Hon-San was Bruce’s intimate friend, master, and at the same time, his uncle (Bruce called him 4th Uncle). Bruce’s father and Sifu Siu both have served in the film industry for many years, and they were good friends.

Exchanged Cha-Cha with Ching Wu’s (aka Jing Mo) Kung Fu
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Siu Hon-San said, “Bruce was very smart in learning Kung Fu. He had a schedule for his training and he followed it step by step. He never rushed.”
Before Bruce learnt from Sifu Siu, he had followed Mr. Yip Man in learning Wing Chun Kune and had had a good understanding of the principles in boxing and force, especially the techniques of releasing one’s power at a short distance. As he was soon to leave HK for the U.S., he visited Sifu Siu one afternoon. They had a chat...

Bruce asked Sifu Siu, “Now that I have taught you how to dance, what will you teach me as an exchange of Cha-Cha? How about teaching me some Kung Fu?” So Sifu Siu taught him a simple boxing set in the basic boxing of the Ching-Wu (aka Jing Mo) school Kung Lik Kune. The Kung Lik Kune was not long, about ten steps and Bruce was quick in learning, so he mastered it after only three lessons. Sifu Siu stressed, “To say that ‘he mastered it’ doesn’t mean that he had the forms only, but his movements and techniques were absolutely accurate and up to the standard.”

Later, Bruce continued to request Sifu Siu to teach him some advanced boxing. It was 1958 or 1959 when the movie series “Wong Fei-Hung” was very popular, Sifu Siu had a lot of work to do. He was one of the actors and at the same time a martial arts director. He was so busy that he had little time. Hence, he had to refuse Bruce’s request and stopped teaching Kung Fu for a time. Siu recalled in those days, Bruce practised earnestly that set of boxing he taught him. In his spare time, Bruce would also visit Mr. Yip Man and further develop his Wing Chun Kune.

Bruce’s quest for more martial arts learning
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Ten years later, Bruce's body was srong like Tarzan. On the screen, Bruce seemed to have a stout and strong physique. Moreover, he always showed his muscles before his friends and on TV. But in his younger days, Bruce was an ordinary kid. He was a bit tall but thin. In the U.S., he trained disciplinely, earnestly and daily. This hard training gave him a strong body and superb skills. From this we can learn a lesson, that is, without hardwork, there will be no achievement. This is an unchangeable and practical rule. You may doubt the depth in Bruce’s Kung Fu, but from his public performances, we can be very sure that he was an extraordinary martial artist. He had used ten years’ time to obtain his success through diligence and persistency. No doubt, we have to also respect his patience and confidence.

Two months before he went to the U.S., Bruce specially visited Sifu Siu. He solemnly and clearly stated, “Uncle Siu, I’m about to leave HK, I’m serious! First, I don’t feel that Wing Chun Kune is bad, but I want to increase my knowledge and learn the strong points of different kinds of Kung Fu. Moreover, I’m about to leave HK for the U.S. Over there, teachers of Kung Fu may be few, so I hope to learn some more so that I can practise by myself.”

Bruce was clever and tactful, and he knew the HK old masters well. Sifu Siu did not like “greedy” students and he hated students forsaking their former masters, and takes it as an expression of disrespectful. He thinks that if today you say that his school is no good, tomorrow you may say that his school is no good too. If Bruce had said that he did not like Wing Chun Kune, Sifu Siu would surely have rejected his request. However, Bruce was wise in the manipulation of language. His request was finally accepted by Sifu Siu.

Three-class-system: "Virtue, Knowledge and Inheritage of knowledge"
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“In learning Kung Fu, virtue is of first importance.” Sifu Siu continued, “I’m a conservative man, and follow strictly the refined rules laid down by our previous masters. A Kung Fu student must respect his masters and their teachings. He should start with one school first, then move on to other schools. In this way, he will be able to know the strong points of different schools. This is a way to acquire more knowledge.”

“Personally, I prefer the ‘Three-class-system.’ I guided Bruce according to this principle before he went to the U.S.” Sifu Siu pointed out,”The so-called ‘Three-class-system’ is first, martial arts virtue --- this virtue find expression in politeness, cultivation in temper and respect for teachers. No matter, what achievement you will get, in China, you must not forget your masters who have helped a great deal in nurturing you. So, martial arts’ virtue is considered to be of first importance.”

“The second importance is martial arts knowledge.” He said carefully, “Do not take the martial arts knowledge as a fairly tale. It is very important to one’s cultivation of martial arts. Bruce achieved such glorious results because he relied very much on his efforts in seeking out martial arts knowledge. He understood all kinds of martial arts and knew their strong points as well as their weak points. In fact, every kind of martial arts has its strengths as well as some weakness. If one thinks that he has learnt enough and looks down upon other schools' martial arts, he will not attains greatness. Thus, one must have a vast knowledge of martial arts and understanding to cultivate one’s techniques.”
The last but no least is the "teaching or inheritage of technique”which does not need further elaboration.

Bruce favored Chinese Northern Kung Fu
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Sifu Siu went on, “After Bruce learnt Wing Chun Kune, he came to ask me to teach him some Kung Fu. I chose to teach him the second set of the basic forms of Ching Wu school – Kung Lit Kuen. I chose this because it is easier to learn since it is short. Later, he wanted to learn some more Chinese Northern Kung Fu. He came to find me again. So, I taught him some Chinese Northern Kung fu that stresses in the use of kicks. This influenced Bruce’s kicks as seen in his movies. He had made some changes to make it more appealing. Moreover, Chinese Northern Kung Fu has larger movements. It is much more fanciful on-screen. In short, Bruce’s Kung Fu was based on Wing Chun Kune first and then followed by the influence of my Northern boxing.

“Later, I taught him a set of Jumping step-boxing. This kind of boxing is a basic boxing form of Northern Mantis Kung Fu. Its characteristics are jumps, tumblings, swift movements and the circular horizontal kick. Bruce was very smart. He learnt it in six or seven lectures. So, I taught him a set of Git Kune (aka Jit/ Jeet Kune), the fourth set of the basic boxing forms of Ching Wu School. Bruce had special interest in this boxing form. He liked it and spent plenty of time studying and analysing this boxing form.”

Not interested in long routines boxing forms
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In many cases, boxing technique is very closely connected with one’s personality. According to one’s personality, one will have interest towards certain boxing techniques and tend to disregard other boxing techniques. Sifu Siu said,”I originally wanted to teach him Tai Gin Kune (aka Big Fighting Fist), the third set of the basic boxing forms of Ching Wu School but he did not want to learn it because it has over 120 steps. It is too long, so, I taught him Git Kune.”

Sifu Siu went on to explain,”Actually, it is a good thing for a student to think by himself, to be selective and to have good judgment. Learn what you want to learn. Every kind of boxing form is good. It depends on whether you like it or not.” Bruce not only learnt the above boxing forms, but I also taught himm 2 sets of weapon forms. One of them was Bak Gwa Dau (aka Eight Trigram Knife), it uses the broad sword; the other was Five Tigers Spear. However, he aimed not weapons as it can only be used in performing, and not in today’s society, so he concentrated mostly on boxing.”

After the morning training, Sifu Siu and Bruce would go for tea and share their martial arts knowledge and principles of boxing. In their tea time, they talked about almost everything. In this period, Bruce learnt a lot of knowledge about the martial arts world and boxing techniques. This knowledge was the precious experience of Chinese martial arts. It enlightened Bruce and helped Bruce to attain his success later.

Besides this information, Sifu Siu specially related to Bruce the biographies, sayings, virtues and success of the important masters of the Ching Wu School. He also analysed the essential points in the theory of boxing, the process and steps of training for Bruce.

Broadening the horizon of martial arts and accepting truths objectively
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In the aspect of the scope of martial arts, Sifu Siu always gave Bruce's guidance. He said, “In today’s world, the development of martial arts cannot compare with the development some forty or fifty years ago. With the development of social civilization and progress in science, the older views of martial arts should be amended. We have to adapt to the new situation in our society and accept the judgement of truth objectively. We should have a wider perspective. We can’t say that this school is good and that school is no good, or this is a technqiue that can conquer everyone. Among all my masters, none claimed that they were the best. The success of boxing is based on principles, forces and hard training. The maxim can be reduced to four words: ‘Swiftness, power, accuracy and aggressiveness.’ No doubt, swift action is very important. But without power, swift action will not be enough. For example, you may hit five punches, but it is useless if they are weak. If your opponent is strong, one heavy blow will hurt you badly. So, ‘power’ is also very important. This is difficult to achieve. If you want to pass this difficult examination, you have to train hard and consistently. Apart from swiftness and power, you also need to practise your accuracy. If you can’t hit accurately, it’s very dangerous, you may be hurt badly, even up to the point of death!”

Sifu Siu explained, “What I mean is, if you can’t hit accurately, you leave space for your enemy to attack your vital parts, then you’ll be hurt. And if he hits you hard, you’ll die.” On the screen, Bruce’s punches and kicks are very accurate. He could use his hands and legs freely and with full mobility. But Sifu Siu humbly said, “This is not influenced by me and moreover, it is not discovered by me. It is the previous experience of our martial arts. I only taught them to Bruce.”

“A pressman once publicly suggested that swiftness, power, and accuracy were discovered by Bruce. This is wrong. It is the rule of Chinese martial arts exercise. This is the target of every school and every kind of sport. Ping-pong is a good example. The problem is whether the practitioner can practise diligently and ‘develop’ it.” Sifu Siu explained its meaning: “I’ve mentioned before that there should be three stages in the learning of martial arts, that is (1) Have a teacher; (2) Practise; (3) Develop. ‘Develop’is change. The first point includes the reception of his teacher, his school and its regulations. The second point does not necessarily mean mechanical training. We can train according to our interests, like what Bruce said to Shek Kin, 'I can’t remember much about Kung Lik Kuen, but I can remember Jumping Step Boxing. However, I now use mainly Git-Kune and Wing Chun.' Of course, what you see on the screen is not the original kind, they have undergone changes. But to change creatively is not easy. You have to learn. When you learn it, you may practise hard if you like it. Practise hard until you are completely acquainted with it. Then you’ll have to assimilate the good points of other martial arts and fuse them. This is what we call development.”

Emphasis on tough physical training
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“Bruce’s success is a result of his hard training. Everyday, he practised for three hours, one for swiftness, one for power and one for accuracy. He did it diligently and consistently. Thus, on the screen his attack is fast, powerful and exceptionally accurate.” Apart from concentrating on swiftness, power and accuracy, Bruce especially paid attention to two important points, that is, “Internally, practise breathing; externally, practise your tendons, bones and skin.” The training of the latter one is strking a pillar with your fingers, hitting sandbags or sparring. It hardens your forearms and fists. But breathing is very important. Even if you have become famous, you have to practise it every day. Bruce’s main method of breathing exercise was running.”

“Bruce practised in this way. From 1959-1965, the result was very outstanding.” Sifu Siu recalled, “In 1965, Bruce came back from the U.S. and was invited to an interview on radio. He performed the force of his punch before the microphone. The method was like this: He stood before the mike, stretched out his arm so that his fist was about four or five inches from it. Then he punched swiftly. The sound of the wind produced by the punch was clearly heard. At that time, some of my students doubted it. They asked me. I firmly answered them that it was real Kung Fu. For Bruce had trained long and hard enough, and had achieved a good result. He showed his audience his real Kung Fu.”

Good at reforming martial arts
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“Bruce and I were intimte friends. I’m his uncle. I tried my best to explain the meaning of the Ching Wu School to him. Later, Bruce absorbed foreign martial arts, reformed it and formed his own unique school of martial arts. But he did not forget his masters. In 1965, when he came back to HK accompanied by his wife, he often came to visit me and we had chats. He had also remembered the boxing forms that I had taught him and gave us a demonstration. He not only made no mistake in his performance, but he was very acquanited with it. In 1967 (note: should be 1970), he returned again. Because he had to perform on TVB, he practised in my institute and his opponent was Unicorn.”

“After years of hard training, he understood the real meaning of martial arts. Two of his slogans were: “Using No Way As Way; Having No Limitation As Limitation” – this is a complicaed theory, but it was not discovered by Bruce. It had already been propounded by Chinese ancient martial artists a thousand years ago. But to understand it thoroughly and to put it into practice, it needed to have a man who had gone through hard training and numerous struggles.”In short, the higher state of cultivation in martial arts can be represented by a word, ‘Change.' To grasp this word is not easy. Without a deep-rooted foundation and persistant training, you can never understand it. My evaluation of Bruce Lee is that he was diligent, steady and could bear hard training; and he was able to reform his martial arts.”

“It was said that after Bruce returned to HK, our relation was not so close. This was not true. I had my own career and he had his work to do. We had to arrange our time. To spend two or three hours a day in having tea chatting would have been just a waste of time. We Chinese have a saying,‘The relationship between gentleman is like water.’Real friendship is not built upon tea and chatting.”

With superb skills he brings joy to the audience
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“As to the idea of martial arts, although he did not entirely accept my philosophy, it is a fact that he never doubted it. In July 1969, he sent me a letter from the U.S., asking me for my philosophy of martial arts and attached photos. He sent them to be published in ‘Blackbelt.' This is proof that he understood and agreed with my philosophy. In spite of this, our understanding and views of martial arts were not entirely the same. I remember the panel discussion held in my institute in 1965. We presented our own ideas about martial arts. On that panel, there were pressmen, elder masters, some friends, a few of my students and me.”

“On that panel, Bruce stressed fighting. He praised swiftness and attack. And I thought that the aims in learning Kung Fu were to have a healthy body, to have recreation and to be able to defend yourself. Although Bruce upheld unarmed combat, his philosophy did brings people the importance of health and recreation. In his movies, his actions are swift and creative. When we see his movies, we have joy. This explains that though our opinions were not entirely the same, we were moving towards the same target.”

“In Chinese martial arts, every form contains attack and defence. When I taught Bruce Git Kune, I explained clearly the intention of every step. This is for defence, that is for attack and so on and so forth. I told him clearly so that he could practise at home.” In this meeting with Sifu Siu we could see the process of Bruce’s success and the reasons behind it. As Sifu Siu said, “Bruce’s success was based upon three points: Firstly, he was humble and willing to learn; secondly, he trained hard and was patient; third, he was able to reform.” Actually, the above factors should be found in every Kung Fu practitioners. However, many know, but few practise this. It is a test of patience and firm mind, really.

Bruce has passed away, but his diligence and patience are worthy of our emulation. -- HK JKD Club

Photos of Master Siu Hon Sung: http://postimg.org/image/5bob476v7/

Video of Siu Hon-Sung’s interview:

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JKD54
JKD54

September 29th, 2015, 8:56 am #3

Bruce Lee & Jing Mo’s Kung Fu
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According to Dan Inosanto and Jesse Glover, Bruce Lee’s Jun Fan Kung Fu comprises of Southern and Northern styles of Chinese fighting arts. Besides the Southern style like Wing Chun, Hung Gar, Choy Li-Fut, Praying Mantis etc., the Northern styles which he had learnt in HK were mainly from Master Siu Hon-Sung (1900-1994). Master Siu was Lee Hoi Chuan’s (1902-1965) good friend and through his father’s arrangement, Bruce attended Master Siu’s private lessons in early 1959 (circa Feb-Apr) before leaving for the U.S. In 1963, upon returning to HK, Bruce once again, continued his learning from Master Siu. According to Master Siu, he taught Bruce the fundamental sets of Jing Mo’s Kung Fu, which include Jeet Kune (aka Jit Kuen), Gung Lik Kune, Bung Bo Kuen (Preying Mantis’ Leaping Fist), Tam Tuei (Tam Leg), Bat-Gwa broadsword, Five Tigers Spear etc. Bruce also self learnt other Jing Mo’s Kung Fu through martial arts manuals, like Hwa Kune, Eagle Fist, Lost Track Kung Fu etc. Jing Mo’s Kung Fu was mostly Northern Styles that was being taught in Jing Mo School whose founder was the prominent Chinese hero, Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka.

Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka (1868-1910)
==============================
On 7th July 1910, Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka (aka Fok Yuen Gap) founded Jing Mo School (aka Jing Wu Athlete Association) in Shanghai. He was given the nickname “Yellow-Faced Tiger” in honor of his various defeats of the foreign boxers and clearing the bad reputation - “Sick Man of Asia” for his fellow country men. The most famous patriotic Kung Fu heroes at that time were Grandmaster Wong Fei-Hung from Southern China and Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka from Northern China. Their legendary feats had been played on movies and TV series numerous times since the late 40s till today. Grandmaster Fok was a highly skilled “Lost Track” Kung Fu master who gained the respect of many Chinese people. His life’s ambition was to unite the people by first leveraging their health through martial arts learning. That was the main purpose he established the Jing Mo School which was seen as a form of nationalistic movement.

Jing Mo literally means “Proficient in Martial Arts.” Many people joined the Jing Mo School upon its opening. However, just barely a month of his newly found Jing Mo School, Grandmaster Fok suddenly passed away on 9th August 1910 at the age of 42 due to sickness. His death led to many speculations, and many Chinese believed he was being poisoned to death by the Japanese who was envious of his skills and trying to seek revenge of their Karateka’s defeat to Grandmaster Fok. Part of the story was depicted in Bruce Lee “Fist of Fury” in 1972. Grandmaster’s untimely death was similar to Bruce Lee’s mysterious death which caused many speculations and one similar speculation was that both were being poisoned to death.

Grandmaster Fok left behind a group of highly-skilled students such as Lau Chan-Sing, Chan Kung-Zit, Chan Tit-Sung, Cheung Man-Dat, Bian Yun-Shan etc. However, his second son, Fok Dung-Gwok (1895 - 1956) succeeded his Jing Mo’s career and later opened a branch in Guangdong. Subsequently, he expanded the branches to Southeast Asia with his uncle. One of the famous Fok Dung-Gwok students was Siu Hon-Sung.

Master Siu Hon Sung (1900-1994)
=========================
At the age of 10, Master Siu began learning Southern style Kung Fu which included Hung Gar, Choy Li Fut, Lo-Hon Mun Kune and Preying Mantis from various Kung Fu masters. He learned Hung Gar from Fung Wing-Biu, who was a student of Grandmaster Wong Fei-Hung. Fung then referred Siu to his friend Hung Cheung (to learn Choy Li Fut). Master Siu was also referred to Chik Wong the authority of “Chow Gar Pak Kwa Staff” fighting techniques. Master Siu enrolled into Jing Mo Athletic Association’s branch at Guangdong in 1920. There, he learnt Northern styles from Sun Yuk-Fung, and Southern styles from Hung Cheong. In fact, Shih Kien (Han in ETD) and Master Siu Hon-Sung were both Jing Mo schoolmates and graduates, and one of their famous teachers was Master Ku Yu-Cheung (also the Grandmaster of Wong Jack-Man)

Shek and Master Siu were close friends of Lee Hoi Chuen in HK. Later, Master Siu studied the secret martial arts of the Fok family, “Fist Enigma” (aka “Mai Chung Kuen” or “Lost Track Boxing”) from Fok Dung-Gwok. Ultimately, Master Siu became a Kung Fu master who was well versed in both Southern and Northern styles Kung Fu. During the 1950s and 1960s, Master Siu was actively involved in the HK film industry producing and acting in many action movies like the “Wong Fei-Hung” series and at the same time, teaching Kung Fu to young people in his martial arts school called “Hon-Sung Health & Recreational Institute.”

Before leaving to the U.S. in April 1959, Bruce spent about 2 months learning from Master Siu, whom he addressed as 4th Uncle. In a 70s interview, Master Siu said, “After Bruce had learned Wing Chun, he came to ask me to teach him some Kung Fu. I chose to teach him the second set of Jing Mo’s boxing form – Gung Lik Kune because it is easier to learn since its form is shorter. I taught him this fundamental Northern style which stresses the use of kicks. This influenced Bruce’s kicks as seen in his movies. Northern style has larger movements as compared to the Southern style. It is more fanciful on-screen. Later, I taught Bruce a set of jumping step boxing (Bung Bo Kuen). This kind of boxing is a basic boxing form of Northern Praying Mantis Kung Fu. Its characteristics are tumbling, swift movements and the circular horizontal kicks. Bruce was very smart and he mastered it in just 6 or 7 lectures. Then, I taught him a set of Jeet Kune (aka Jit Kune), the 4th set of the basic boxing forms of Jing Mo school. I also taught him 2 sets of weapon forms. One of them was Bak-Gua-Do (Eight Trigams Broad Sword and the other was Five Tigers Spear. However, Bruce aimed not at weapons as they can only be used in performing, and not in today’s society, so he concentrated mostly on boxing.”

Bruce maintained a long-term friendly relationship with Master Siu even after he went over to the U.S. They used to exchange martial arts knowledge and opinions through many letters (some letters still survived till today). Every time when Bruce returned to HK, the places which he visited most were Ip Man’s school and Master Siu’s house. He went there to seek Master Siu’s personal advice and guidance. Master Siu was an easy-going person and there were many photos taken of him and Bruce together at the restaurants, either having tea-chats or martial arts discussions. Master Siu’s imparted not only his Kung Fu to Bruce but also shared his valuable experience and knowledge. This in one way or another helped Bruce to leverage his skills and knowledge to a certain extent. Besides Master Ip Man (1893-1972), Master Siu Hon-Sung was Bruce Lee’s officially declared 2nd formal Sifu in HK.

Bruce & Northern Styles
==================
Bruce played the character of "Chan Zhan," 5th student of Master Fok Yuen-Ka in the movie “Fist of Fury” (based on Jing Mo’s school background which was partly fictional). In one scene where he fought against the Russian fighter (played by Bob Baker), he displayed Master Fok’s famous secret art of "Fist Enigma" or "Lost Track Kung Fu." In real life, Bruce had self-learnt and studied "Fist Enigma" through his martial arts manual. Since Bruce was Master Siu’s student, then logically, he could be considered as the 4th generation student of Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka. In addition, during Bruce’s teenage years, both uncle Siu and uncle Shih Kien had told Bruce many heroic stories of Master Fok. That was why Bruce admired Grandmaster Fok and had Fok’s photo pasted on his scrapbook – “Chinese Gung Fu.” Not forgetting to mention Shih Kien who played the villain - Han, in ETD, was also a genuine master of various Jing Mo’s style and Southern style Kung Fu just like Master Siu Hon-Sung. Bruce respected uncle Shih and used to seek his advice and exchanged martial arts experience with him before and during the filming of ETD. They even had an informal sparring in-between takes of ETD.

Apart from his official learning of Jing Mo’s Kung Fu from Master Siu, Bruce also learnt various Northern style Kung Fu like Northern Shaolin Kick, Fut Kuen, Eagle Fist, Chin-na, Hsing-Yi Kuen, Bak Gwa Kuen, Taiji Chuen, Lo Han Kuen, Hwa Kuen, Poked Leg, 24 Chain/Continuous Kicks, Northern style Mantis Boxing etc. The Northern styles which Bruce learnt could be seen in Bruce’s displaying the modified “3-steps Rising and Cyclone kicks” in the Long Beach Karate Tournament (1964) and in “Enter The Dragon”(1973). Also, the shadows of the Northern styles could be traced in his various Kung Fu stances and weapons demonstrations during the photo shooting session at the California beach in 1967.

According to Jesse Glover, Bruce taught him various Kung Fu techniques from Wing Chun, Tiger Crane Double Forms Fist, Northern Style Praying Mantis, Taichi, Bat Gwa, Jeet Kune, Hsin Yi, Eagle Claw Tumbling Fist. He also taught him footwork, sticking hands, straight blast, drawing attacks, kicking and some techniques that emphasised on wrist and arm locks (Chin-na techniques). Bruce studied many styles of Kung Fu and incorporated some of these essential techniques into his system and discarded the rest.

Also, Bruce learnt Internal Style which was the advanced form of Kung Fu as it consists of various internal energy Kung Fu techniques. Bruce liked to talk about the philosophical concepts of 3 internal Northern styles i.e. Taichi, Hsin Yi and Bat Gwa and had good comments of the Internal Styles martial artists. He believed many Internal Styles practitioners were highly skilled and were on par or even surpassed the best Wing Chun fighter he had seen. The theory of Yin and Yang taught him the ways of comparison in looking upon everything such as hard against soft; fast against slow; horizontal against vertical etc. He was also inspired and motivated by I-Ching (an ancient Chinese manual of divination based on 8 symbolic trigrams and 64 hexagrams, interpreted in terms of the principles of Yin and Yang. It was included as one of the ‘5 classics’ of Confucianism) which was actually the main source of his martial arts philosophy. He tried to apply the Yin & Yang Theory and I-Ching in real life situations. To him, this was an extreme important direction for his advancement in the route of martial arts.

Challenger from Jing Mo - Wong Jack-Man (1940 - )
=======================================
As a matter of fact, Wong Jack-Man who challenged and fought Bruce in 1964, too, was a student of the Jing Mo Athletic Association. He is the student of Master Yim Sheung-Mo (1882-1971) and Master Ma Kim-Fung (1916 - ) whom imparted him Hsing-Yi Kune, Tai-Chi Chuen, Cha Kune, Northern Shaolin Kung Fu and other Jing Mo’s style Kung Fu. Also, he is the direct grandstudent of the famous Master Ku Yu-Cheung (1894-1952). In 1964, he departed HK and arrived in San Francisco, and worked in the branch of Jing Mo Club. As he had sparred and defeated some top martial artists in the Chinatown, thus, the Chinese Martial Arts community appointed Wong, whom they considered to be the best martial artist in Chinatown to be their representative and sent him to challenge Bruce at his school. (Note: Bruce had earlier performed on the stage of Sing Hoi theatre, LA where he declared openly that he would accept challenges from anyone who disagreed with his views on the practice and in-heritage of the classical Kung Fu which he thought was a classical mess. The Chinese Martial Arts community felt very disgraceful and hence, issued a challenge to him).

It was really interesting that in 1964, Bruce Lee and Wong Jack-Man, the two students of the Northern/Southern style cum Jing Mo’s style Kung Fu, were unaware that they were descendents of the Jing Mo’s family and their Great grandmaster was Fok Yuen-Ka. They confronted each other in the showdown of Oakland Chinatown. During this “challenge to death” fight, 5ft 11 Wong was defeated by 5ft 7.5 Bruce in a couple of minutes. Though both learnt Jing Mo’s style Kung Fu, Wong used Northern style Kung Fu (i.e. Shaolin Lo Han Kune) while Bruce applied mainly Southern style Kung Fu (i.e. Wing Chun) in the fight instead. According to the witnesses, Wong was moving around the room, trying to avoid the aggressive attacks from Bruce and eventually was forced to the ground and surrendered. However, Bruce was unsatisfied with his overall performance as he thought the fight should have ended in a couple of seconds if not for his under expectation’s stamina and too rigid Wing Chun style. Thus, he began to put in tremendous effort in evolving his personal martial arts skills, training, concepts, physical conditioning etc from then onwards and 3 years later, he found his personal art - JKD in 1967.

Man Is More Important Than Established Style/ System
==========================================
Generally, Bruce thought that some Northern Style Kung Fu were much more fanciful with footwork, acrobatics and jumping moves, in contrast to many Southern Style Kung Fu which are less fanciful but more practical and economical in real fighting. Thus, Bruce liked to perform Northern Style in his demos to attract the audience's attention, and he would normally use Southern Style in his fight. Moreover, Bruce knew that certain Northern styles still hold their reputations for real hand to hand combat such as Hsing-Yi Kuen, Bak-Gwa Kuen, Northern Shaolin etc. which are higher level Northern Style Kung Fu. Bruce was a talented martial artist who knew how to apply, modify and incorporate the essential techniques from various styles into his own Jun Fan Kung Fu. All martial arts would only become effective if one understands their basic roots, functions and how to maximise them to the fullest. At the end of the day, it is not the art but the practitioner himself matters. As Bruce used to tell his students, “Man, the living creature, the creating individual, is always more important than any established style or system.”

From Fok Yuen-Ka to Bruce Lee & Wong Jack-Man:
http://postimg.org/image/qldhhow79/

Bruce Lee’s Jing Mo’s Kung Fu:
http://postimg.org/image/fzaibrbm7/
This is great info, LIF. It's also interesting that the story of the movie Fist of Fury involves the Jing Mo (Jing Wu) School in Shanghai. I wonder if that was the original idea, or if Bruce contributed that?

One quibble regarding Wong Jack Man: we now know from Rick Wing's book, that when Wong Jack Man went to fight with Bruce, he felt he was answering a challenge Bruce had made to the San Fransisco martial arts community. And in his mind, it was not an all-out fight, just a sparring match, a test of skill. Bruce felt he was the one being challenged, and to him, it was to be an all-out fight with no rules. Regardless, the fight ended in either a draw, or was won by Wong Jack Man, depending on which witnesses one believes.

It was the fight that changed Bruce Lee's whole approach to fighting. And it's the seminal moment that is now the basis of the new movie being filmed in Vancouver, called 'Birth of the Dragon'.
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Joined: September 19th, 2015, 12:07 pm

September 29th, 2015, 12:01 pm #4

Bruce Lee & Jing Mo’s Kung Fu
=========================
According to Dan Inosanto and Jesse Glover, Bruce Lee’s Jun Fan Kung Fu comprises of Southern and Northern styles of Chinese fighting arts. Besides the Southern style like Wing Chun, Hung Gar, Choy Li-Fut, Praying Mantis etc., the Northern styles which he had learnt in HK were mainly from Master Siu Hon-Sung (1900-1994). Master Siu was Lee Hoi Chuan’s (1902-1965) good friend and through his father’s arrangement, Bruce attended Master Siu’s private lessons in early 1959 (circa Feb-Apr) before leaving for the U.S. In 1963, upon returning to HK, Bruce once again, continued his learning from Master Siu. According to Master Siu, he taught Bruce the fundamental sets of Jing Mo’s Kung Fu, which include Jeet Kune (aka Jit Kuen), Gung Lik Kune, Bung Bo Kuen (Preying Mantis’ Leaping Fist), Tam Tuei (Tam Leg), Bat-Gwa broadsword, Five Tigers Spear etc. Bruce also self learnt other Jing Mo’s Kung Fu through martial arts manuals, like Hwa Kune, Eagle Fist, Lost Track Kung Fu etc. Jing Mo’s Kung Fu was mostly Northern Styles that was being taught in Jing Mo School whose founder was the prominent Chinese hero, Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka.

Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka (1868-1910)
==============================
On 7th July 1910, Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka (aka Fok Yuen Gap) founded Jing Mo School (aka Jing Wu Athlete Association) in Shanghai. He was given the nickname “Yellow-Faced Tiger” in honor of his various defeats of the foreign boxers and clearing the bad reputation - “Sick Man of Asia” for his fellow country men. The most famous patriotic Kung Fu heroes at that time were Grandmaster Wong Fei-Hung from Southern China and Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka from Northern China. Their legendary feats had been played on movies and TV series numerous times since the late 40s till today. Grandmaster Fok was a highly skilled “Lost Track” Kung Fu master who gained the respect of many Chinese people. His life’s ambition was to unite the people by first leveraging their health through martial arts learning. That was the main purpose he established the Jing Mo School which was seen as a form of nationalistic movement.

Jing Mo literally means “Proficient in Martial Arts.” Many people joined the Jing Mo School upon its opening. However, just barely a month of his newly found Jing Mo School, Grandmaster Fok suddenly passed away on 9th August 1910 at the age of 42 due to sickness. His death led to many speculations, and many Chinese believed he was being poisoned to death by the Japanese who was envious of his skills and trying to seek revenge of their Karateka’s defeat to Grandmaster Fok. Part of the story was depicted in Bruce Lee “Fist of Fury” in 1972. Grandmaster’s untimely death was similar to Bruce Lee’s mysterious death which caused many speculations and one similar speculation was that both were being poisoned to death.

Grandmaster Fok left behind a group of highly-skilled students such as Lau Chan-Sing, Chan Kung-Zit, Chan Tit-Sung, Cheung Man-Dat, Bian Yun-Shan etc. However, his second son, Fok Dung-Gwok (1895 - 1956) succeeded his Jing Mo’s career and later opened a branch in Guangdong. Subsequently, he expanded the branches to Southeast Asia with his uncle. One of the famous Fok Dung-Gwok students was Siu Hon-Sung.

Master Siu Hon Sung (1900-1994)
=========================
At the age of 10, Master Siu began learning Southern style Kung Fu which included Hung Gar, Choy Li Fut, Lo-Hon Mun Kune and Preying Mantis from various Kung Fu masters. He learned Hung Gar from Fung Wing-Biu, who was a student of Grandmaster Wong Fei-Hung. Fung then referred Siu to his friend Hung Cheung (to learn Choy Li Fut). Master Siu was also referred to Chik Wong the authority of “Chow Gar Pak Kwa Staff” fighting techniques. Master Siu enrolled into Jing Mo Athletic Association’s branch at Guangdong in 1920. There, he learnt Northern styles from Sun Yuk-Fung, and Southern styles from Hung Cheong. In fact, Shih Kien (Han in ETD) and Master Siu Hon-Sung were both Jing Mo schoolmates and graduates, and one of their famous teachers was Master Ku Yu-Cheung (also the Grandmaster of Wong Jack-Man)

Shek and Master Siu were close friends of Lee Hoi Chuen in HK. Later, Master Siu studied the secret martial arts of the Fok family, “Fist Enigma” (aka “Mai Chung Kuen” or “Lost Track Boxing”) from Fok Dung-Gwok. Ultimately, Master Siu became a Kung Fu master who was well versed in both Southern and Northern styles Kung Fu. During the 1950s and 1960s, Master Siu was actively involved in the HK film industry producing and acting in many action movies like the “Wong Fei-Hung” series and at the same time, teaching Kung Fu to young people in his martial arts school called “Hon-Sung Health & Recreational Institute.”

Before leaving to the U.S. in April 1959, Bruce spent about 2 months learning from Master Siu, whom he addressed as 4th Uncle. In a 70s interview, Master Siu said, “After Bruce had learned Wing Chun, he came to ask me to teach him some Kung Fu. I chose to teach him the second set of Jing Mo’s boxing form – Gung Lik Kune because it is easier to learn since its form is shorter. I taught him this fundamental Northern style which stresses the use of kicks. This influenced Bruce’s kicks as seen in his movies. Northern style has larger movements as compared to the Southern style. It is more fanciful on-screen. Later, I taught Bruce a set of jumping step boxing (Bung Bo Kuen). This kind of boxing is a basic boxing form of Northern Praying Mantis Kung Fu. Its characteristics are tumbling, swift movements and the circular horizontal kicks. Bruce was very smart and he mastered it in just 6 or 7 lectures. Then, I taught him a set of Jeet Kune (aka Jit Kune), the 4th set of the basic boxing forms of Jing Mo school. I also taught him 2 sets of weapon forms. One of them was Bak-Gua-Do (Eight Trigams Broad Sword and the other was Five Tigers Spear. However, Bruce aimed not at weapons as they can only be used in performing, and not in today’s society, so he concentrated mostly on boxing.”

Bruce maintained a long-term friendly relationship with Master Siu even after he went over to the U.S. They used to exchange martial arts knowledge and opinions through many letters (some letters still survived till today). Every time when Bruce returned to HK, the places which he visited most were Ip Man’s school and Master Siu’s house. He went there to seek Master Siu’s personal advice and guidance. Master Siu was an easy-going person and there were many photos taken of him and Bruce together at the restaurants, either having tea-chats or martial arts discussions. Master Siu’s imparted not only his Kung Fu to Bruce but also shared his valuable experience and knowledge. This in one way or another helped Bruce to leverage his skills and knowledge to a certain extent. Besides Master Ip Man (1893-1972), Master Siu Hon-Sung was Bruce Lee’s officially declared 2nd formal Sifu in HK.

Bruce & Northern Styles
==================
Bruce played the character of "Chan Zhan," 5th student of Master Fok Yuen-Ka in the movie “Fist of Fury” (based on Jing Mo’s school background which was partly fictional). In one scene where he fought against the Russian fighter (played by Bob Baker), he displayed Master Fok’s famous secret art of "Fist Enigma" or "Lost Track Kung Fu." In real life, Bruce had self-learnt and studied "Fist Enigma" through his martial arts manual. Since Bruce was Master Siu’s student, then logically, he could be considered as the 4th generation student of Grandmaster Fok Yuen-Ka. In addition, during Bruce’s teenage years, both uncle Siu and uncle Shih Kien had told Bruce many heroic stories of Master Fok. That was why Bruce admired Grandmaster Fok and had Fok’s photo pasted on his scrapbook – “Chinese Gung Fu.” Not forgetting to mention Shih Kien who played the villain - Han, in ETD, was also a genuine master of various Jing Mo’s style and Southern style Kung Fu just like Master Siu Hon-Sung. Bruce respected uncle Shih and used to seek his advice and exchanged martial arts experience with him before and during the filming of ETD. They even had an informal sparring in-between takes of ETD.

Apart from his official learning of Jing Mo’s Kung Fu from Master Siu, Bruce also learnt various Northern style Kung Fu like Northern Shaolin Kick, Fut Kuen, Eagle Fist, Chin-na, Hsing-Yi Kuen, Bak Gwa Kuen, Taiji Chuen, Lo Han Kuen, Hwa Kuen, Poked Leg, 24 Chain/Continuous Kicks, Northern style Mantis Boxing etc. The Northern styles which Bruce learnt could be seen in Bruce’s displaying the modified “3-steps Rising and Cyclone kicks” in the Long Beach Karate Tournament (1964) and in “Enter The Dragon”(1973). Also, the shadows of the Northern styles could be traced in his various Kung Fu stances and weapons demonstrations during the photo shooting session at the California beach in 1967.

According to Jesse Glover, Bruce taught him various Kung Fu techniques from Wing Chun, Tiger Crane Double Forms Fist, Northern Style Praying Mantis, Taichi, Bat Gwa, Jeet Kune, Hsin Yi, Eagle Claw Tumbling Fist. He also taught him footwork, sticking hands, straight blast, drawing attacks, kicking and some techniques that emphasised on wrist and arm locks (Chin-na techniques). Bruce studied many styles of Kung Fu and incorporated some of these essential techniques into his system and discarded the rest.

Also, Bruce learnt Internal Style which was the advanced form of Kung Fu as it consists of various internal energy Kung Fu techniques. Bruce liked to talk about the philosophical concepts of 3 internal Northern styles i.e. Taichi, Hsin Yi and Bat Gwa and had good comments of the Internal Styles martial artists. He believed many Internal Styles practitioners were highly skilled and were on par or even surpassed the best Wing Chun fighter he had seen. The theory of Yin and Yang taught him the ways of comparison in looking upon everything such as hard against soft; fast against slow; horizontal against vertical etc. He was also inspired and motivated by I-Ching (an ancient Chinese manual of divination based on 8 symbolic trigrams and 64 hexagrams, interpreted in terms of the principles of Yin and Yang. It was included as one of the ‘5 classics’ of Confucianism) which was actually the main source of his martial arts philosophy. He tried to apply the Yin & Yang Theory and I-Ching in real life situations. To him, this was an extreme important direction for his advancement in the route of martial arts.

Challenger from Jing Mo - Wong Jack-Man (1940 - )
=======================================
As a matter of fact, Wong Jack-Man who challenged and fought Bruce in 1964, too, was a student of the Jing Mo Athletic Association. He is the student of Master Yim Sheung-Mo (1882-1971) and Master Ma Kim-Fung (1916 - ) whom imparted him Hsing-Yi Kune, Tai-Chi Chuen, Cha Kune, Northern Shaolin Kung Fu and other Jing Mo’s style Kung Fu. Also, he is the direct grandstudent of the famous Master Ku Yu-Cheung (1894-1952). In 1964, he departed HK and arrived in San Francisco, and worked in the branch of Jing Mo Club. As he had sparred and defeated some top martial artists in the Chinatown, thus, the Chinese Martial Arts community appointed Wong, whom they considered to be the best martial artist in Chinatown to be their representative and sent him to challenge Bruce at his school. (Note: Bruce had earlier performed on the stage of Sing Hoi theatre, LA where he declared openly that he would accept challenges from anyone who disagreed with his views on the practice and in-heritage of the classical Kung Fu which he thought was a classical mess. The Chinese Martial Arts community felt very disgraceful and hence, issued a challenge to him).

It was really interesting that in 1964, Bruce Lee and Wong Jack-Man, the two students of the Northern/Southern style cum Jing Mo’s style Kung Fu, were unaware that they were descendents of the Jing Mo’s family and their Great grandmaster was Fok Yuen-Ka. They confronted each other in the showdown of Oakland Chinatown. During this “challenge to death” fight, 5ft 11 Wong was defeated by 5ft 7.5 Bruce in a couple of minutes. Though both learnt Jing Mo’s style Kung Fu, Wong used Northern style Kung Fu (i.e. Shaolin Lo Han Kune) while Bruce applied mainly Southern style Kung Fu (i.e. Wing Chun) in the fight instead. According to the witnesses, Wong was moving around the room, trying to avoid the aggressive attacks from Bruce and eventually was forced to the ground and surrendered. However, Bruce was unsatisfied with his overall performance as he thought the fight should have ended in a couple of seconds if not for his under expectation’s stamina and too rigid Wing Chun style. Thus, he began to put in tremendous effort in evolving his personal martial arts skills, training, concepts, physical conditioning etc from then onwards and 3 years later, he found his personal art - JKD in 1967.

Man Is More Important Than Established Style/ System
==========================================
Generally, Bruce thought that some Northern Style Kung Fu were much more fanciful with footwork, acrobatics and jumping moves, in contrast to many Southern Style Kung Fu which are less fanciful but more practical and economical in real fighting. Thus, Bruce liked to perform Northern Style in his demos to attract the audience's attention, and he would normally use Southern Style in his fight. Moreover, Bruce knew that certain Northern styles still hold their reputations for real hand to hand combat such as Hsing-Yi Kuen, Bak-Gwa Kuen, Northern Shaolin etc. which are higher level Northern Style Kung Fu. Bruce was a talented martial artist who knew how to apply, modify and incorporate the essential techniques from various styles into his own Jun Fan Kung Fu. All martial arts would only become effective if one understands their basic roots, functions and how to maximise them to the fullest. At the end of the day, it is not the art but the practitioner himself matters. As Bruce used to tell his students, “Man, the living creature, the creating individual, is always more important than any established style or system.”

From Fok Yuen-Ka to Bruce Lee & Wong Jack-Man:
http://postimg.org/image/qldhhow79/

Bruce Lee’s Jing Mo’s Kung Fu:
http://postimg.org/image/fzaibrbm7/
Good reading. This is so far the best Bruce Lee forum that contains invaluable info of Bruce Lee. Keep up the great work!
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Joined: September 21st, 2015, 3:56 am

September 29th, 2015, 2:30 pm #5

Thanks for sharing, LJF.

Wong Jack Man is a disgrace to the Jing Mo School. He and his students still couldn't accept and forget the 1964 defeat after so many years. Wong should fight Bruce when he's alive since Wong got at least 7 years to seek his revenge before Bruce returned to HK in 1971. Really no point argue when the King is already dead.
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Joined: July 24th, 2015, 3:19 am

September 29th, 2015, 9:00 pm #6

What makes you think Wong Jack Man lost the fight to Lee?
"All type of knowledge ultimately means self-knowledge"
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