The following reminded me of some of points of interest to some on here, being discussed on this thread - it's a very interestingly insightful book review of Ted Wong protogé, Teri Tom's "The Straight Lead: The Core of Bruce Lee's Jun Fan Jeet Kune Do."
It's review number 50 or 60 or so, on the following link:
https://www.amazon.com/gp/aw/cr/0804836 ... geNumber=7
Enjoy the challenging insight...
"Good intention, but falls short" - By Rick Bulwiczon August 17, 2009
I bought this book with great anticipation, but was severely disappointed. Teri Tom studied with Ted Wong (no disrespect to Sifu Wong) for a few years and thinks she's an authority on JKD? Mmmm...
I've studied Jun Fan and JKD for 19 years, with direct students of Bruce Lee from Seattle, Oakland, and L.A. eras. Ms. Tom has A LOT to learn.
This book covers good, basic information about stance and the straight lead, although it is incomplete. It's all stuff I've seen for years in Black Belt and Inside Kung Fu magazines. Nothing new except for the notes on Bruce's research from his books.
Although Tom claims JKD is not modified Wing Chun, sorry... that's what it is. The JKD stance is a Wing Chun right-facing forward stance with a raised heel and forward attack weight. Nothing more. See the book "Advanced Wing Chun" by William Cheung on page 21 for the proof. The JKD stance has all of the triangulation, loaded hip, and internal alignment of the WC stance. Of course if you asked her, she wouldn't have any idea of what you're asking about. You cannot fully understand JKD unless you have the Wing Chun principals! That's why Bruce could make other things work - he used the WC principals to improve and integrate other techniques. This is also why there aren't many great JKD fighters... they don't have any understanding of the WC attributes that made JKD work for Bruce Lee. Pat Strong and James Demile (both Seattle students) told me how Bruce Lee came back to Seattle after moving to Oakland to show them how he modified his stance. He MODIFIED the WC stance, he DID NOT invent a new one based on boxing and fencing as Tom indicates. That's absurd.
Tom also claims Bruce abandoned Wing Chun. He didn't... it abandoned him. Bruce didn't finish his WC training. When he went back to Yip Man years later, he was refused because he had disrespected traditional martial arts openly. So Bruce had to integrate other things into his art to make up for the shortcomings he never learned. This is documented and common knowledge.
The straight lead is also a plain ol' traditional Wing Chun punch (Chun Chuie). Bruce did not invent either the JKD stance or straight lead by combining boxing and fencing. They have existed for a hundreds of years before he was born within Wing Chun. He had notes on boxing in books. I have notes on different religions in my books. It doesn't mean I practice all of them. They are REFERENCES. Bruce didn't need books on WC because he studied it for years under Yip Man and knew it. There also weren't any WC books available at that time. That's why Teri Tom finds so many boxing books and notes at her disposal. But she takes this as being all Bruce was interested in. Is this what she considers research?
Teri also failed to include some of the mechanical principals in describing the lead punch. She left out the immovable elbow, hammer principal, final power (fa-jing), penetration, back/shoulder sealing and unity, sinking weight, small arc (cam) principal, non-intention... I can go on. Her footwork is also an incomplete mess... no spring energy, hip loading, critical edge, start speed, short arc, tilted hip... I can rip this book apart page-by-page, but space is limited here. She even mistakes low-line hooks for a Straight Blast in one of the Bruce documentary films. C'mon, you don't know what a straight blast is? (page 179) She also doesn't understand falling step power, stating to land the punch BEFORE your foot hits the ground. The power comes up from the ground when you contact it through the locked knee.
Even her "interview" with Ted Wong is skewed. She blatantly asks questions that point into the direction of her beliefs. They are clearly manipulative in nature.
This book basically contains beginner info written by a beginner. Nothing replaces a good instructor, especially a bad book. Her knowledge of Wing Chun is so superficial that she makes bad comparisons between WC and JKD. How can you criticize and art you barely have any knowledge of? Teri Tom needs to take the blinders off and gain a little humility.
This comment suggests that Bruce Lee created JKD because he did not have access to the real Wing Chun. It also implies that Wing Chun is a such effective art that if Bruce had been able to study it in its entirety, he would have not needed to create his own system. So, once again: What is real Wing Chun? I think we're supposed to see it in this video. The fight was held on the rooftop of the house of Wong Shun Leung in 1961. It is seems that he organised those rooftop fights mostly.
The first thing we notice is that this type of fight is much less violent than a Brazilian vale tudo… It even looks like a bare-knuckle sparring … That make us think of what could have happened with Wong Jack Man : The Wing Chun guy rushes on his opponent who steps back and runs away. The straight blast that we see in this film is not very explosive... Notice also that no punches reach their target. I hope Bruce with his hot temper has been more aggressive with WJM. Seeing this, one can understand why he needed to modify his original combat system.
Today, Wing Chun is best known for the defeats it suffered against various martial arts. To explain this, his defenders always give the same excuse: it was not the real stuff. It is true, for example, that when William Cheung and Emin Boztepe fought in Germany in the 80s, we did not see anything that looked like Wing Chun… What we saw was just a bum fight. After that, I do not see how the winner was able to promote his school !
Recently, we still have witnessed the inefficiency of Wing Chun in another style vs. style street-fight in Japan. On this occasion, Xu Xiaodong (MMA) takes on a so-called master named Ding Hao (a 4th generation descendant of Yip Man). Those who saw the event have noticed that the chain punch (the trademark of WC) does not work in reality. In fact, this technique was optimized by Vitor Belfort during his fight against Vanderleï Silva. This is now known as "the boxing blast". Many MMA fighters use it today.
Therefore, one may then wonders : What are the truly valuable elements of Wing Chun that Bruce would have retained to form the fundamental basis of JKD? But as his different students are fighting each other, it's very difficult to know. On the other hand, there is one point on which they all agree, is that Bruce was hiding his techniques. For example, guys from the Jun Fan era learned trapping techniques but without the key points that make them effective. Which supposes that they had to subsequently complete their learning by themselves. But when you do not have the genius of Bruce Lee, it's not that easy… These guys also dispute the fact that Bruce has gradually abandoned the trapping stuff by moving to LA. They claim that he kept the most part of this art for himself. If that's true, how did Bruce work these techniques in secret? Just with the Mook Jong ? I don't think so. Yet in sparring, he certainly had to use the "pak and hip". Why does no one talk about it ? So, it is almost certain that both clans (JFGF and JKD) have received incomplete teaching. That's why it's very hard to understand the connection between fencing, boxing and trapping with the biomechanical principles that Bruce had studied.
But that is not where the problem lies. Bruce maintained that from the beginning , a student should learn to spar effectively. He prefered his sparring opponent to wear protective gear so he could go « full out ». Today, his followers talk all the time about sparring, but we never see them spar. So, in order for us to know what JKD really is, the easiest thing to do is to show in all out sparring the five ways of attack, the hammer principle, etc. It is pretty obvious. Why not follow Bruce Lee's example?