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http://www.cdi.org/program/document.cfm ... /index.cfm
January 3, 2007
Updated Arms Trade Case-Studies Show Post-Sept. 11 Increase in Military Assistance
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Jan. 3, 2006
Contact: Whitney Parker
World Security Institute
U.S. allies in “war on terror” benefit most, despite continued human rights abuses, conflicts
In the five years since the Sept. 11 attacks, the Bush administration has solidified a trend of supplying high technology weapons and millions of dollars in military assistance to allies in the “war on terror.” “We’ve found that in exchange for support of U.S. efforts to stamp out international terrorist networks or operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, the United States is sending military assistance to countries with poor human rights records, lack of democracy, and even past support of terrorism, “ said Center for Defense Information Senior Analyst Rachel Stohl. “This is an alarming trend,” Stohl added.
Since 2001, CDI has profiled 25 countries that have a unique role in the “war on terror,” through the strategic services these countries have provided to the United States as it conducts anti-terror operations across the globe. The series features analysis of the current political situations in the profiled countries, taking into account other indicators of the relative stability and openness of the country, such as military expenditures, total number of armed forces, and the human rights situation as assessed by the U.S. State Department, alongside an evaluation of U.S. military assistance to these countries since the end of the Cold War.
All of the updated data and country profiles will be released by CDI in January and February of 2007. More than half of the countries examined in the series have already received more total military assistance in the four years after Sept. 11, than in the 12 previous years combined. On average, countries have received 50 percent more U.S. weaponry and military training in post-Sept. 11 years than in pre-Sept. 11 years. This trend has been dominated by marked increases in Foreign Military Financing (FMF) and Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) specifically. On average, countries are receiving 80 percent more FMF and DCS since FY 02 than prior to FY 02. The increase in FMF and DCS demonstrate that both the U.S. government and U.S. defense industry are reaping the rewards of the increased sales.
At the same time that U.S. military assistance is increasing, the poor human rights situations in many countries have not improved since the start of the “war on terror” (and in some cases have become worse). In 2005, alone, the State Department reported that “serious abuses” were committed by the government or state security forces in more than half of the countries examined in this series.
Increased military assistance to allies in the “war on terror” shows no sign of abating. The total assistance received by the 25 countries in FY 05 was greater than in any other single year examined in this study, and more than double FY 04 totals. “Perhaps even more troubling, the United States has created new programs with specific counterterrorism agendas, which by-pass longstanding controls on U.S. military assistance. Initiatives such as the Regional Defense Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) are run through the Department of Defense, which allows U.S. military assistance to flow to countries without traditional restrictions on training or arming human rights abusers that apply to traditional assistance programs,” CDI Research Assistant Rhea Myerscough added.
Over the next 7 weeks CDI will re-launch the 25 case studies that illustrate this trend. Each week a different region of the world will be examined and new facts and data revealed. The release dates are:
Week of Jan. 2 – Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan
Week of Jan. 8 – Nepal, Pakistan, India
Week of Jan. 15 – Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines
Week of Jan. 22 – Oman, Bahrain, Yemen
Week of Jan. 29 – Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan
Week of Feb. 5 – Algeria, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger
Week of Feb.12 – Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya